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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (44):
1

SGA categories

1. weight loss
2. Diet
3. GI symptoms
4. Functional impairment
5. Muscle loss
6. Fat loss
7. Edema or Ascites

2

Estimated Average Requirements

average amount sufficient for half a population

3

Recommended Dietary Allowances

recommendations to meet about 98% of population (individually)

4

Adequate Intakes

insufficient scientific evidence
expected to exceed average requirements

5

Tolerable Upper Intake Levels

point where nutrient is likely toxic

6

Estimated Energy Requirement

average dietary intake need to maintain energy balance (includes body weight and physical activity)

7

Key recommendations for Americans --> sugar and sat fat

less than 10% of calories per day

8

Key recommendations for Americans --> sodium

less than 2,300 mg a day

9

My pyramid is now...

My Plate

10

selected consumer messages for MyPlate

1. Balance calories
2. Foods to increase
3. Foods to reduce

11

Balance calories

enjoy food but eat less by avoiding over-sized portions

12

Foods to increase

make half of plate fruits and veggies
make half of grains whole grains
switch to fat-free or low fat milk

13

JCAHO needs to be done within...

24 hours of admission

14

Mini nutritional assessment

subjective and objective
own knowledge and lab work done

15

Subjective Global Assessment

subjective knowledge

16

A good screen should only take...

a few minutes

17

SGA examines...

5 features of patient history and of physical examination

18

ideal body weight

female -- 100# @ 5 ft + 5# every inch
male -- 106# @ 5 ft + 6# every inch

19

Individual nutrition assessment looks at

Anthropometric (weight/height)
Biochemical/ Lab (blood work)
Clinical/physical (skin/ nails and drug history)
Dietary intake (24 hour food recall)

20

methods of dietary assessment

24 hour recall
food frequency questionnaire
food record

21

hunger v appetite

hunger- feeling
appetite- see food and eat it

22

what makes you fuller: protein v fat v CHO

protein

23

what makes you fuller: solid or liquid

liquid

24

where is iron absorbed

duodenum

25

what 4 things increase gastric secretions

caffeine
alcohol
chocolate
smoking

26

changes in the pH of stomach can be caused by...

stress and antacids

27

secretin actions

responds to: acidic chyme in s. intestine
secreted from: duodenal wall
stimulates: pancreas
response: bicarbonate juices released

28

CCK

inhibit gastric emptying
stimulates gallbladder contraction
influences feeling of fullness

29

CCK actions

responds to: fat or protein in s. intestine
secreted from: intestinal wall
stimulates: gallbladder and pancreas
response: bile secreted; bicarbonate and enzymes released

30

Gastrin actions

responds to: food in stomach
secreted from: stomach wall
stimulates: stomach glands
response: HCl acid secreted

31

T or F: the colon is essential for life

F

32

What can you do to minimize GERD?

no smoking
no caffeine
no alcohol
no chocolate
no food 2 hrs before sleep
lift head of bed
H2 blockers to lower HCl

33

T or F: preserved meats are high in nitrates

T

34

what are SOAPS

when you have no absorption of fatty acids so the fats bind to Ca, Fe, Zn, and Mg

35

Crohn's Disease

occurs throughout GI tract; usually ileum and colon
complications- fistulas and obstruction

36

Ulcerative Colitis

occurs in colon and rectum
complications - protein loss, anemia, increased chance of colon CA

37

colostomy

portion of colon removed

38

ileostomy

whole colon removed

39

soluble fiber

pectin -- oatmeal, veggies, fruit

40

insoluble fiber

cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin

41

fasting blood glucose level - normal

less than 100 gm/gL

42

fasting blood glucose level - intolerance

100 gm/dL - 126 gm/dL

43

fasting blood glucose level - diabetic

greater than 126 gm/dL

44

insulin

high when eating
secreted by pancreas
improves transport of glucose into tissues