Test 1 Flashcards Preview

Adult Health II - NUR 253 > Test 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (166)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is ventilation?

the inspiration and expiration of air, O2 exchange

2

If CO2 is decreased, what happens with the pH?

pH increases

3

If CO2 is increased, what happens with the pH?

pH decreases

4

What is alkalosis?

high pH >7.45

5

What is acidosis?

low pH <7.35

6

When do you hear crackles in lung sounds?

fluid overload

7

What is wheezing?

Rhonchi - inflammatory

8

What is stridor?

high-pitched during inspiration

9

What do you do if you hear stridor?

HUMIDIFY! Emergent!!

10

What are the local effects of respiratory disease?

cough, SOB, hemoptysis, pleuritic chest pain, clubbing of fingers ( long term), cyanosis, mucus production

11

What does rust colored sputum indicate?

pneumonia

12

What does pink foamy sputum indicate?

pulmonary edema or embolism

13

What are systemic effects of respiratory disease?

fever, anorexia, malaise, restlessness, anxiety, diaphoresis, changes of LOC, changes in oxygen saturation, cyanosis, tachycardia.

14

What are chest configurations of respiratory disease?

barrel chest, funnel chest, pigeon chest, and kyphoscoliosis

15

What causes barrel chest?

typical of COPD, caused by hyperinflated alveoli

16

What are modifiable risk factors of respiratory disease?

obesity, smoking, CAD, DM, stress and anxiety, and allergens

17

What are some diagnostic tests of respiratory disease?

CXR, culture & sensitivity & gram stain, incentive spirometry, ABG's & CBC, pulmonary function test, bronchoscopy, thoroscopy, thoracentesis, pulmonary angiography, pulse ox, CT, MRI, & lung scans, and Capnography

18

What is the most noninvasive diagnostic test of respiratory function?

pulse ox

19

What does capnography measure?

exhaled CO2

20

When do you hear crackles in lung sounds?

fluid overload

21

What is wheezing?

Rhonchi - inflammatory

22

What is stridor?

high-pitched during inspiration

23

What do you do if you hear stridor?

HUMIDIFY! Emergent!!

24

What are the local effects of respiratory disease?

cough, SOB, hemoptysis, pleuritic chest pain, clubbing of fingers ( long term), cyanosis, mucus production

25

What does rust colored sputum indicate?

pneumonia

26

What does pink foamy sputum indicate?

pulmonary edema or embolism

27

What are systemic effects of respiratory disease?

fever, anorexia, malaise, restlessness, anxiety, diaphoresis, changes of LOC, changes in oxygen saturation, cyanosis, tachycardia.

28

What are chest configurations of respiratory disease?

barrel chest, funnel chest, pigeon chest, and kyphoscoliosis

29

What causes barrel chest?

typical of COPD, caused by hyperinflated alveoli

30

What are modifiable risk factors of respiratory disease?

obesity, smoking, CAD, DM, stress and anxiety, and allergens