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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (62)
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1

_____________ is the science of human development seeks to understand how and why people of all ages and circumstances change or remain the same over time.

Development

2

What are the 5 basic steps of the scientific method?

- curiosity
- hypothesis
- test hypothesis
- draw conclusions
- report results

3

_____________ is the influence of genes we inherit.

Nature

4

__________ is the environmental influences that affect development.

Nurture

5

What are the domains of human development?

- Biological development
- Cognitive development
- psychosocial domain

6

What is the age range of Infancy?

0-2 years old

7

What is the age range for early childhood?

2-6 years old

8

What is the age range for middle childhood?

6-11 years old

9

What is the age range for adolescences?

11-18 years old

10

What is the age range for emerging adulthood?

18-25 years old

11

What is the age range for Adulthood?

25-65 years old

12

What is the age range for late adulthood?

65 years of older

13

_____________ is multi directional

developmental

14

Over time ___________ change in direction

human characteristics

15

What are the 2 different periods?

Critical period
Sensitive period

16

Development is ____________.

plastic

17

What facts does development incorporate?

- Human traits can be molded
-

18

The _____________ theory is irrational, unconscious, drives motives often originating in childhood, underlie and human behavior.

psychoanalytic

19

___________ ( 1856-1939) developed the 5 psychosexual stages during which sensual satisfaction is linked to developmental needs and conflicts.

Freud

20

______________ ( 1902-1994) developed the 8 developmental stages that was characterized by challenging developmental crisis.

Eric Erikson

21

_____________ ( 1878-1958) developed the learning theory and conditioned response ( also means learning).

John Watson

22

____________ ( 1904-1990) developed operant conditioning.

B.F. Skinner

23

______________ ( still alive) developed the social learning theory.

Albert Bandura

24

_____________ are thoughts and expectations profoundly affect actions, attitudes, beliefs, and assumptions.

Cognitive theory

25

______________ requires researchers to record behavior systematically and objectively.

Scientific observation

26

______________ establishes causal relationships among variables.

experiments

27

What are the 2 variables called?

Independent variable
dependent variable

28

What are the 2 groups called?

experimental group
comparison group

29

_____________ includes information collected from a large number of people through interview, questionnaire, or some other means.

Survey

30

What are the 3 basic research designs?

cross sectional research
longitudinal research
cross sequential research