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Flashcards in Test 4 Deck (106)
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1

The period between early childhood and early adolescence, approximately from ages 6 to 11.

middle childhood

2

-immunizations, less lethal accidents and fatal illnesses are related too?

lower death rates

3

-better diagnostic and preventive medical care, less secondhand smoke, better health habits, specialized programs, improved oral health are examples of?

fewer chronic conditions

4

-average child gains about 2 inches and 5 pounds per year
-benefits of physical activity can last a lifetime
These are examples of what?

slow and steady growth

5

-Advances in physical, emotional, and mental health
-Academic achievement improvement
-Better cerebral blood flow and more neurotransmitters
-Better mood and energy
-Embodied cognition aided
These are examples of what?

the benefits of physical activity can last a lifetime

6

-sports not always beneficial
-traumatic brain injury
These are the concerns of _____________?

physical activity

7

Where can children benefit from exercise?

neighborhoods, schools, and sport leagues

8

-finding play places may be difficult
-modern life challenges neighborhood play
-economic barriers limit league and club participation
-time for school PE and recess is reduced in many schools
This is a problem with?

difficulties with exercise

9

many 6-11 year olds eat______, exercise ________, and become ______ or obese as a result

too much, too little, overweight

10

childhood obesity is ___________ worldwide, having more than ________ since 1980 in all 3 North American nations

increasing, doubled

11

excessive weight contributes to ___________, self-esteem _______, and loneliness

future health risk increases, decreases, failures

12

a measure of body weight relative to height

Body Mass Index (BMI)

13

in a child, having a BMI above the 85th percentile

childhood overweight

14

in a child, having a BMI above the 95th percentile

childhood obesity

15

-genetic influences
-parenting practices
These factors contribute what?

obesity

16

dozen of genes affect weight by influencing activity level, hunger, food preference, body type, and metabolism

genetic influences of obesity

17

-infants: no breast feeding and solid foods before 4 months
-preschoolers: bedroom TV watching and soda consumption
-school age: insufficient sleep, extensive screen time, little active play
These are all?

parenting practices

18

mothers try to keep newborns so clean that immune system doesn't develop like it should

hygiene hypothesis

19

-drive for independence from parents expands the social world
-self-concept
This is all_____________

nature of the child

20

ideas about self that include intelligence, personality, abilities, gender and ethnic background

self-concept

21

The tendency to assess one's abilities, achievements, social status, and other attributes by measuring them against those of other people, especially one's peers.

social comparison and self-esteem

22

-children value the abilities they have and become more realistic
-self-esteem typically decreases in school children
-some current research links low self-esteem with increased aggression, other findings link inflated self-esteem with male bullying and aggression

social comparison and self-esteem

23

-4th stage in Erikson's 8 psychosocial crises
-characterized by tension between productivity and imcompetence

Industry v. Inferiority

24

attempt to master culturally valued skills and develop a sense of themselves as either industrious or inferior, competent or incompetent

children

25

-concrete operational thought
-classification
-seriation
-transitice inference
-information processing perspective
This is related to what?

cognition

26

Piaget's term for the ability to reason logically about direct experiences and perceptions

concrete operational thought

27

The process of grouping things based on their similarities

classification

28

understanding order / arrangement

seriation

29

understand implied information

transitice inference

30

the model that seeks to identify the way that individuals take in, use, and store information

information processing perspective