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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (62):
0

What's are amino acids used to synthesize

For protein synthesis

1

What is complementary protein

Two or more protein foods whose amino acid composition complements each other so that the essential amino acids missing from each are supplied

2

Nitrogen equilibrium

The amount Of nitrogen excreted equals the amount of nitrogen Eaten in protein. The diet contains enough or more to meet body needs for protein

3

What are the essential amino acids

Histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine threonine tryptophan and valine

4

What type of food provides all the essential amino acids

Soy, meat, poultry, fish and dairy products

5

Where does the absorption of amino acids take place

Go from intestinal lumen to capillaries to portal vein to liver

6

What is the disease kawashiorkor

A malnutrition caused by not getting enough protein in your diet.

7

What is PKU (Phenylketonuria)

Error of metabolism ( recessive) inherited disease. Phenylalanine levels are normal at birth but increase during first weeks defects must be found close to the birthed child could be mentally retardant

8

Dietary supplements for athletes

Mineral vitamins herbs

9

Best method for determine status for children

Best to look how the child grows through the years

10

Define basal metabolism

The rate of energy expenditure by humans and other animals at rest

11

What is the specific dynamic action of food

The amount of energy expenditure above the resting metabolic rate due to the cost of processing food for use and storage

12

What is the most reliable method of dietary assessment

Keep a food diary or record for 3 to 7 days more reliable than the 24 recall

13

What is the most accurate way to measure percent body fat

Bod pod

14

The most accurate way to measure percent body fat

Best method would be to measure body fat directly, but this is only done in cadavers.

Body mass index is the best

15

1 pound of fat how many calories

3500 calories

16

Are all chemicals in food bad

No. Food is made up of chemicals

17

What is the suggested weight loss per week for the average person doing diet and exercise

2lbs per week

18

Acid vinegar is going to help you dissolve body fat

Yes makes your body burn more calories and store less fat

19

What do you diet pills do for you

Arginine will stimulate growth hormones only if the arginine is injected

20

What was the diet pills sold on the West Coast that caused people to die

Too much potassium causes heart problems

21

What is cellulite

Inflammation subcutaneous connective tissue

22

What is Brown fat (BAT)

Brown adipose tissue. Can burn fat and release it in heat.

23

Wat is the function of folate

1 cell reproduction and growth
2 coenzyme function is to carry 1 carbon throughout the body
3 rapidly dividing cells used for DNA (intestinal villi regenerated every 3 days)

24

Why do u need vitamin C

Synthesis of collagen (protein holding cells together) which is found in tenders cartilage none skin.

Needed for wound healing!

25

How much tryptophan makes 1g of niacin

60mg of tryptophan equals 1g of niacin

26

What do you lose if you dnt eat

First u lose water weight then muscle

27

What is the function of B vitamins

Needed to help breakdown carbohydrates for energy.

Supports normal appetite

Needed for the normal functioning of the nervousness system

28

What's true about water soluble vitamins

Vitamin B 1 and vitamin C

29

What are fat soluble vitamins

Vitamins A D E K

30

What's the most unstable vitamin

Vitamin C

31

Milk is a good source of what vitamin

Tryptophan

32

Function of B12

Only in meat stores for a year

Makes protected sheath around nerve cells

Makes DNA and works with folate

33

Phytochemicals

Number in the thousands

34

What foods have Pantothenic acid in them

In everything you eat

35

What's a megadose of vitamins

For water soluble it can be purged through the kidneys

Fat soluble vitamins will b used and then stores for later

36

What is vitamin O

Salt water

37

Why might the Orange juice u buy in the store is low in vitamin C

B/c vitamin c is unstable and deplete fast in the process and on traveling to the store

38

Where do you find prebiotics

Jerusalem artichoke tubers, onion, leeks, some grains and honey

39

Where do you find vitamin C

Found in broccoli citrus fruit and juice green and red peppers turnip greens kiwi strawberries cantaloupe and even potatoes

40

Where is vitamin E found

Vegetable oils brown rice whole wheat, oats yeast, wheat germ, almonds, nuts seeds

41

Functional food

Any modified food it food ingredient that may provide a health benefit beyond the traditional nutrients it contains

42

Where do u find probiotics

Foods that contain low microorganism that may beneficially affect a person by improving there intestinal tract.

Mostly only dairy products fluid mild and yogurt

43

Y are petrochemicals good

Some are antioxidants protecting against cell damage

Found in plants naturally

44

What does the US of agriculture do for us

School lunch supplemental diets

45

Does your body store protein

No if your are starving your liver can metabolize it

46

Wat are common characteristics of water soluble vitamins

Easily digested, absorbed and not stored but you can't have tissue saturation

(Heat and air decrease vitamins to some extent)

47

Can you have vitamin toxicity

Most vitamins are excreted through urine you can only have toxic levels if you take too many supplements

48

Major function of the vitamin

part of coenzymes..when eating food it will be broken down into tiny parts and Built back up inside the body to make whatever you need to live

49

Bio engendered food

Taking food and making more of it

50

What are photochemical

Gives taste color and aroma (in fruit and veggies)

51

What does antioxidants do

How protect cells from being destroyed by O2

52

Where is pantothenic found

In all foods

53

What does biotin do

Synthesize in the intestines

54

Folate

In leafy greens...need for growth makes DNA women need 2x more wen prego (greens orange juice organic meat)

55

B-6

Need fire red blood cells
Neurotransmitter
In all animal foods

56

B-1 thiamin

Breaks down carbs for energy..needed to get energy from muscle glycogen

Supports appetite

Needed for nervous system

57

What increases the need for thiamin (b-1)

Exercise and high carb diet

58

B-2 (riboflavin)

Needed for eyes and skin health

Need b-2 for the function of b-6 and niacin

59

Niacin functions

Energy for carbs and fats (as all B vitamins)

Tissue respiration

Supports health of skin nervous system and digestive track

60

Function of B-6 (pyridoxine)

Metabolism of protein/lipids and nucleic acid

61

Vitamin E

In veggie oil brown rice whole wheat