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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (797):
1

What Is Exodus 1: 15-21 about

King of Egypt tells Hebrew midwives to kill all sons of Hebrew births. The Midwives disobey and saved the male children. In fearing God, God blessed them

2

What is Exodus 18:17-27

Moses is speaking to Jethro, who says that Moses should select men who fear God, men of truth who hate covetous places. Place them over thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens. Then Moses will only deal with the most difficult cases. Moses is to teach people the laws and stand before god and the people

3

What is Exodus 22:28 about

you shall not revile God or curse the ruler of the people

4

What is Deuteronomy 17:14-20 about

God will set a King over the nations, the King will be chosen by God. The king will be from among the brethern and not a foreigner, he should not store up horses, wives, gold, silver for himself. The qualifications of a King

5

What is II Chronicles 19:4-7 about

Jehosephat went among the people and brought them back to the Lord, set judges in the land. Take heed for you are judging for the Lord. The fear of the lord should be upon the Kings, no iniquity with the Lord, no bribes

6

What is Ezra 7:6 about

Ezra came from babylon, he was a skilled scribe in the Law of Moses. King granted Ezra all his requests according to the Lord

7

What is Psalm 82: 1-4 about

God is in congregation of the mighty. Judge's among god's condems those who judge unjustly and partially to the wicked. Defend the poor and fatherless. Do justice to afflicted and needy. Deliver the poor and needy. Free them from the hand of the wicked

8

What is Proverbs 8: 15-16 about

By God kings reign, rulers decree justice. By God princes rule and nobles, all the judges of the earth

9

What is Proverbs 29:4

The king establishes land by justice, he who receives bribes overthrows it

10

What is Ecclesiastes 8:2-5 about

Keep King's commandment for the sake of oath to God. Do not be hasty, do not take stand for evil, Where word of King is there is power. He who keep's God's command will experience nothing harmful. Wise man's heart discerns time and judgment

11

What is Isaiah 10: 1-2 about

Woe to those who decree unrighteous decrees. Who write misfortune, rob needy of justice, take what is right from the poor that widows are prey, that they rob the fatherless

12

What is Daniel 2: 19-21 about

Secret was revealed to Daniel in a dream. Blessed be God forever. Wisdom and might are His. God changes the times and seasons. God removes kings and raises up kings. Gives wisdom to the wise knowledge to those with understanding

13

What is Daniel 3 about

Nebuchadnezzar made image of gold. People were to bow down and worship. Whoever didn't was thrown into fire furnace. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abendago did not worship. Heated furnace 7 times more than normal. Men were bound and cast in. But 4 men were in the fire with the fourth having a form like the Son of God. Nebuchadnezzar praises God and makes people worship the true God

14

What is Daniel 4: 28-34 about

Kingdom from heaven spoke to Nebuchadnezzar. The kingdom had departed from Him, he was to dwell with the wild beasts and eat grass. The most High rules in the kingdom of men and gives it to whom he chooses. Nebuchadnezzar praises God in rough times after coming back to God

15

What is Daniel 5: 18-31 about

Nebuchadnezzar spirit was hard with pride, God made him lose his kingly throne. He took glory from him and he went to ox til he was humbled and knew Most High One ruled in the kingdom of men. Belshazzar, his son, did not humble his hear lifted up agains the lord, praised idols and did not glorify Lord. Inscription on the wall appeared that told of Belshazzar losing Kingdom

16

What is Daniel 6 about

Daniel was faultless and faithful. King Darius made a new law that whoever worshipped God and not king went to the Lion's den. Daniel was caught praying and was thrown in the den. Daniel survived as an angel shut the mouth of the lion. Darius turned to honor God. Every man must tremble and fear God

17

What is Matthew 22: 15-22 about

Paying Imperial Taxes to Caesar. Pharisees attempt to trick Jesus and Jesus asks why they try to test him. They showed Jesus the Denarius and Jesus says. Render to Caesar's unto Caesar's and to God the things that are God's

18

What is Acts 4:1-20 about

Peter and John are preaching at the temple, priests and suducees came up disturbed that they were teaching Jesus's resurrection. They put the men in custody. Next day rulers were gathered and see them in the midst. Peter was filled with the Holy Spirit. Rulers perceived the men uneducated and untrained, then they realized Jesus was with him. They were told they could not preach or speak of Jesus but Peter and John responded that whatever is right in the eyes of God, to listen to you more than to God?

19

What is Acts 5: 17-32 about

Apostles were put in prison. An angel opened the doors of the prison and they went to the temple to speak. officials went to prison looking for them but they were gone. The men were brought with violence. Apostles said they are to obey God rather than man

20

What is Romans 13 about

Submitting to the government. Every soul is subject to the governing authorities. No authority except from God, and the authority that exists is appointed by God. If you resist authority, you resist God's ordinances and bring judgement upon yourself. Rulers are not a terror to good. Do good and you receive praise. Ruler is God's minister to us. Do evil, be afraid. Taxes are due to whom they are due

21

What is I Timothy 2: 1-2 about

Exhort first of all that supplications prayers intercessions and giving of thanks be made for all men, for kings, and all in authority. We may lead a quiet and peacable life in all godliness and reverence

22

What is Titus 3:1 about

be subject to rulers and authorities, to obey. to be ready for every good work

23

What is I Peter 2: 13-14 about

submit yourself to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake. Whether to the King as supreme or to governors as to those sent for punishment of evil doers and for praise of those who do good

24

According to Deuteronomy 17, what were kings not to have a lot of

wives, wealth, horses

25

According to Deuteronomy 17, what would occur if the king used a lot of money

the tax rates would be very high

26

According to Deuteronomy 17, why was the king not to have lots of horses

horses were viewed as a type of wealth and were a key part of warfare

27

According to Deuteronomy 17, what is the focus of this passage

The qualifications of kings according to their character

28

According to Deuteronomy 17, what were the kings suppose to do

write for themselves a copy of the Law and read from it daily

29

According to Deuteronomy 17, what was the copy of the Law

pentateuch

30

What is the pentateuch

the 5 books of Moses

31

What are the 5 books of Moses

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

32

According to Deuteronomy 17, why was the king suppose to write a copy of the Law and read from it daily

so he knows the law and can set an example. The people know the law and can hold him accountable. The king can never say he did not know

33

What does Rex mean

King

34

What does Lex mean

Law

35

What does the phrase Rex Lex mean

the king is Law

36

What does the phrase Lex Rex mean

the Law is king

37

For Israel, which is first, the Law or the King

the Law

38

How is the Law before the King

the king must learn the law and use it to guide them in their rulings

39

What two reasons for why the people need to know about qualifications of the king

1. to hold him accountable
2. know the standards for some say in choosing a king

40

The qualifications of the king point to what

structure and functions of government

41

Can the king say that the civil government and ecclesiastical are apart

no

42

What occurs in I Samuel 13

the kingdom is taken away from Saul. Samuel tells Saul to get the army together and they would meet so Samuel can make the offering. Saul waits but does not see Samuel so he starts the offering. Samuel shows up and the King loses his throne

43

What is Samuel

a judge

44

What occurred to Saul because he did not follow Samuel's instructions (that came from God) and took the power reserved for the priest

King lost his throne and so did his offspring

45

What does I Samuel 13 show a distinction between

priest and Kings

46

How many goo and godly kings were there in the north Israel

zero

47

How many good and godly kings were there in the south Israel

only a handful, there were more bad than good

48

Who were the good kings of the south

Hezekiah, Josiah, Jehosephat, Uzziah

49

Who was Uzziah

a King that received speical conditions for being good

50

What happens to Uzziah

He becomes a leper

51

Why did Uzziah become a leper

he decided to go in and offer the offering, a role that was reserved for the priest, something the priests warned him about

52

What does Uzziah's story show us

there are distinctions between priest and king

53

What is Leviticus 19: 33-34 about

We are not to mistreat strangers that are living with us. they must be treated as a native born

54

What is Leviticus 24:22 about

there are to be the same civil laws for the foreigner, but the religious ceremonial laws do not apply

55

In the OT what were there limitations on

the power of kings and government

56

Limited power of kings and government is similar to what view towards politics

Classical Liberalism

57

What is exodus 22:28 saying

we are not to curse God or ruler

58

What is significant about Exodus 22:28 according to Hebrew tradition

it is uncharacteristic for Hebrew to link something big to something little. It is always big to big or little to little. So cursing God (big) is linked with cursing rulers (also big)
suggests similar attitudes to leaders are a big dealer

59

What is significant about Exodus 22:28 according to positives and negatives

positives imply negatives in ethical principles. Do not blaspheme God (neg) means treat God with reverence (pos). Do not bash high authorities (neg) is treating rulers with respect (pos)

60

What does Deuteronomy 17:12 state

if you don't obey priest or judge, the civil rule is death. Importance of obeying civil government

61

What occurs in Exodus 1

the Hebrew midwives were told by King that Israellite children they birthed, the sons were to be killed

62

In Exodus 1, why were the sons supposed to be killed

the king was afraid that Israel would take over

63

In Exodus 1, how did the midwives go around not killing the babies

they said sons were born too fast. midwives disobeyed

64

What resulted in Exodus 1 when midwives disobeyed

they were blessed by God and they had families of their own

65

At the end of Daniel 6, what occurred to Daniel

he was placed as 3rd ruler of the nation

66

What Bible verses seem like contradictions to obeying government and civil rule

Exodus 1
Daniel 3
Daniel 6

67

What do these contradictions mean

1. it's all contradictions so ignore the Bible
OR
2. there are limits to rules

68

What types of limits are there to rules

ethical limits

69

What are the 5 theories to ethically disobeying rules?

1. May disobey any law that makes us do anything sinful
2. disobey and law that is anyway sinful, even if not directly
3. disobey any law that exceed govt. just authority
4.disobey any law promulgated by any pagan ruler
5. disobey any law that we do not want to follow

70

In theory 1, when may we disobey

any law that makes us do anything sinful

71

According to theory 1, how do we know if anything is sinful

the Bible is our guide for ethical rights

72

What verses are used to support theory 1

Exodus 1
Daniel 6

73

According to theory 2, when may we disobey

any law that is anyway sinful, even if it doesn't make us sin directly

74

According to theory 3, when may we disobey

any law that exceeds government just authority

75

What are examples of laws that exceed government's just authority

telling people how many kids to have, even if on face it is not sinful government cannot tell you

76

According to theory 4, when may we disobey

when any law is promulgated by any pagan or foreign ruler

77

What does promulgated mean

endorsed, made in effect by

78

According to theory 4, why may we disobey any pagan or foreign ruler

maybe not the content but rather who made them

79

According to theory 5, when may we disobey

any law that we do not want to follow

80

How do we know the just limits of governmental power

looking for where Biblical views come from.

81

The class example of the Fugitive Red Head Act is similar to what historical event

The Slave Act

82

Who was Corrie Ten Boom

she hid Jews from the Holocaust in the Netherlands. But her family made a pact that they would not lie if questioned

83

What is the biggest reason disobey government

Theory 5

84

The passages in the New testament are what

imperitive

85

Why does God not spend a lot of time on government and politics in the New Testament

He spent a lot of time defining them in Old testament

86

What Is matthew 22 about

Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar

87

How were the pharasees seeking to trap Jesus into answering if they should pay taxes to Caesar

If he said yes, no, or i don't know they would be mad

88

Why would jesus saying yes make the people mad

People are not wanting to pay to Caesar who rules by right of conquest

89

Why would Jesus saying no make the Pharisees mad

The government would be mad and would just stone Jesus

90

Why would saying I don't know be a problem

Then God would not be omniscient if he didn't know

91

How did Jesus respond when asked if taxes should be payed to Caesar

He said, Give to Caesar what is Caesars, give to God what belongs to God

92

What does paying to taxes show

legitamacy to the civil government even when it is ungodly

93

How was Caesar's government ungodly

he ruled by conquest

94

What did Jesus say towards how much should be given to Caesar

not whatever Caesar asks, rather there are limits

95

What should be given to God

whatever He asks for

96

What does Matthew 22 show about civil government

there are limits

97

When is Matthew 22 most commonly cited by Christians

by those who are opposed to separation of church and state

98

Why would people quote Matthew 22 to show the separation of church and state

to use as a defense for why civil magistrates should not tax the churches

99

What do churches argue regarding taxes

the state has no right to tax churches

100

How are schools funded for historically

property tax

101

Who is excluded from property tax

charitable entities and churches

102

How are counties challenging the clause in the constitution that says house of worship is exempt from taxing

becoming more strict on what is defined as a church

103

How do churches receive tax exemptions

they must apply for it

104

Why do people of the government want churches to be liable to taxes

because they lose revenue for every land being used by a church

105

What is Romans 13 talking about

the civil government

106

According to Romans 13, who must submit to the civil government

everyone

107

What does it mean to submit to the civil government

subject to their authority

108

Being subject to their authority shows what

respect towards government

109

What are the 3 reasons we must respect government

1. no authority except for God and all exists because of God
2. those that resist bring judgement upon this
3. It is God's ministry use, they are God's minister

110

Romans 13 shows that following God results in what

many benefits

111

Why do many benefits result when Romans 13 is followed

we maintain order within our society

112

According to Romans 13:5, why must we subject

no only because of wrath but for conscience sake

113

What things does Romans address

attitudes and behaviors

114

What does Romans show

How it is to be transformed and how government should be treated

115

What is I Peter 2: 13-14 about

submitting to government for the Lord's sake

116

Who is Peter writing to in I Peter 2:13-14

Christians that were exiled

117

In writing to Christians that were exiled what is Peter showing

you can live under suffering through civil magistrates for the Lord's sake

118

What must be your guide according to I Peter 2:13-14

your conscience

119

What do I Peter 2:13-14, Romans 13, and Matthew 22 show

Christians are to obey civil government and show respect

120

What are some New Testament passages where people are praised for doing wrong

Acts 4
I Timothy II

121

What is Acts 4 about

Peter and John say it is better to follow God rather than man when Sanhedrin told them to stop preaching.

122

What is I Timothy II about

we are called to pray for government. This will lead us to a peacable life and grow in reverence, and not towards what we want

123

What is Deuteronomy 5:20 about

Do not bear false testimony/ lie

124

What is Deuteronomy 17:6-7 about

whoever deserves death should die on the testimony of two-three witnesses. Hands of witness are to put him to death then others

125

What is Deuteronomy 19:15-21 about

You need two to three witnesses, not one. If false testimony occurs, he is punished. Do not pity. Eye for an eye a tooth for a tooth

126

What is Psalm 82: 1-4 about

God stands in the mighty, judges. Must defend the poor, fatherless. Do justice for the needy and afflicted. Deliver poor and needy from hands of wicked

127

What is Isaiah 56:1 about

Keep justice, do righteous, God's salvation is about to come and be revealed

128

What is Isaiah 58:6-12 about

loose the bond of wickedness, undo heavy burdens. Let oppressed go free, share with hungry, give home to the poor, cover the naked. Righteousness shall go before you. Glory of Lord be rear guard. If you point finger, speak wicked. The Lord will guide you

129

What is Amos 5: 6-15 about

Seek the Lord, turn to justice. lay righteousness. Seek good and not evil. you will live. God will be with you

130

What is Acts 25: 13-16 about

King Agrippa and Bernice are greeting Festus. They laid Paul's case before king. Before accused, the man meets accuser face to face and he can answer for himself concerning the charge.

131

Where did political philosophy begin

Greeks

132

WHen did political philosophy begin

4th and 5th century BC

133

What is a polis

a city possessing common habits, military strength, myth of origin, own god, religion and citizens

134

A polis contained what as authority

a community as the sole source of authority

135

What was a polis dedicated to achieving

a good life

136

How were goals accomplished in a polis

through individual participation in communal affairs

137

How did one participate in communal affairs

the individual voluntarily accepted a duty

138

What were the goals of the polis

to create social balance and harmony, reconciliation of individual differences

139

Were state or social actions needed

both

140

Did the state have existence on own, apart from the individuals who made up the body

never claimed

141

What was the main goal of the polis

self realization and society

142

What was the aim of inquiry and action

doing and living well

143

What is politics

the proper subject of inquiry, process with meaning of monos and wisdom of social organization

144

What is monos

law and custom

145

What did Sophocles write

the play Antigone

146

What did the core of the play Antigone tell

the issues of nature of law and justice

147

What did the play Antigone claim were laws

divine laws, natural laws, and laws of existing rulers

148

What are divine laws

unwritten laws of God

149

Are sophists attached to any culture or polis

no

150

Are sophists endowed with university chairs

no

151

Where did Sophists deliver lectures

they traveled

152

What did SOphists help students to

practical success

153

What ideas did Sophists introduce

cosmopolitanism, skepticism, free thinking, education for all, academic freedom

154

What doctrine did Sophists have

no single one

155

What did Sophists teach

sophia

156

What does sophia teach

the wisdom, knowledge and skill are necessary for the successful conduct of life as an individual or citizen

157

Who was a student of Socrates

Plato

158

Who was the first systematic political theorist

Plato

159

What was Plato concerned with

the meaning of justice, the right kind of life, the makeup of human personality, purposes of political association, the best type of political structure, classification of constitutions, need for trained rulers, meaning of knowledge

160

How did Plato believe you could exercise political power

through your skilled profession

161

What was a distinct craft

ruling

162

What are the 3 elements of a soul

appetite, courage, reason

163

What were appetite, courage, and reason also related to

class and function

164

If appetite dominated, what was your class/function

laboring class

165

If courage dominated, what was your class/function

warrior

166

If reason dominated, what was your class/function

a ruler

167

What was the ideal state according to Plato

all workers function and for the good of the state

168

Who was well versed in biology physics, psychology, logic, aesthetics, ethics, and politics

Aristotle

169

What did Aristotle believe about change

it was teleological

170

What does change is teleological mean

movement towards an end

171

What was man's end

man's happiness

172

How is man's happiness achieved

by correct control of his desire by reason

173

What is the end of state

self-sufficiency

174

How is the state's self-sufficiency achieved

moderation in wealth, size, constitution, ruling group

175

What is the best human

one which the nature of polis has been realized

176

Are man and nature linked

yes

177

Man is a political animal that when he reaches perfection becomes what

civilized citizen

178

What was the state

the means to reach an end

179

What is political inquiry

political association or constitution

180

What did democracies believe about justice

justice is equality

181

What did democracies mean by justice is equality

equality for those who are equal and not for all

182

What did oligarchies believe about justice

inequality in distribution of offices is just, but only for those unequal and not for all

183

How were both democracies and oligarchies view of justice erronous

don't consider who it applies to, they are judging in their own case and misled the facts that they are professing one which is absolute and complete

184

Are men good or bad judgers

bad

185

What is justice to a person

relative

186

What constitutes a polis

an association of households and clans in a good life

187

What does not constitute a polis

residence on a common site

188

What is an association of households in a polis in sake of obtaining

good and perfect existence

189

How was good and perfect existence pursued

intermarriage of institutions

190

What is the end purpose of polis

a good life

191

Why should political associations be considered according to Plato

for good actions, not a social life

192

A Final Sovereign provides what

rightly constituted laws

193

When a law is unable what should be pursued

personal rule

194

What is good in the sphere of politics

justice

195

What does justice tend to promote

the common interest

196

What two factors does justice involve

things
persons to whom things belong/ are assigned

197

Persons that are equal have what

equal things

198

What are good claims

good descent, free birth, wealth

199

Good descent, free birth, wealth are necessary for what

simple existence of state

200

If good descent, free birth, and wealth are good, then what else is necessary for a good life

temper of justice and marital habit

201

What did Augustine write

The commonwealth and Justice

202

What did Augustine believe about true justice

has no existence save in that republic whose founder and ruler is Christ

203

Who are people according to Augustine

assembly of associated by common knowledgment of right and by community of interests

204

A republic cannot be without what

justice

205

If there is no true justice, what is there also

no true right

206

Aquinas believed had how many ends

two

207

What were the two ends of man according to Aquinas

earthly and eternal

208

Who were the guides for man

Pope and Emperor

209

who gave the authority to the Pope and the Emperor

God

210

Margislo believed how much supremecy did Emperor have

supremecy in everything related to seculatr world

211

The Emperor was the universal ruler for what

peace and life

212

Was the secular rule an independent function of man from religion

yes

213

What was man's religion suppose to be in regards to the state

private

214

Man's external acts were subject to what

control

215

What made the law valid according to Margislo

community approval

216

Community approval also gave the laws

effective coercive power

217

Who controlled the legislative power according to Margislo

prince

218

Will by Ockham believed how the whole community would participate

through heirarchy of elected constitutions

219

What is a heirarchy of elected constitutions

council

220

Who was the most systematic political philosopher of medieval catholoicism

Aquinas

221

Where did Aquinas believe all political authority came from

God

222

What did Aquinas believe was needed for political authority

intermediaries

223

What was the role of intermediaries

between God and political regimes to secure justice that the government seeks to fultill

224

What did Aquinas accept as the end of man

happiness

225

What did Aquinas believe was the principle end

supernatural

226

Which life was more important to Aquinas

future over earthly

227

Is the state still important according to Aquinas

yes

228

Why did Aquinas believe state was important

preseved order, performed positive, educational function

229

How many types of law did Aquinas believe there was

4

230

What were the 4 types of laws according to Aquinas

eternal
divine
human
natural

231

What did the eternal law govern

the entire universe

232

What did the natural law govern

those possessing reason

233

What did the human law govern

rules in accordance to the natural law

234

What was the divine law

ultimate will of God

235

What did the law do

in was binding and rational

236

When may the political authority be binding

only if it is in conformity with natural law, divine law, and common good of whole community

237

If government did not conform, what would it be then

tyrannical

238

If tyranny was excessive, what was permitted

disobedience

239

Where was government power derived according to Aquinas

community

240

Why was government power derived from community

to limit the ruler

241

What is law

a rule and measure of acts where man is induced or restrained from acting

242

What was the word lex derived from

ligere

243

What does ligere mean

to bind

244

What does the law pertain to

reason

245

What does the nature of law need to be in accord with

rule of reason

246

What is the last end

end of human life is bliss

247

What must the law have to help reach last end

relationship to happiness properly

248

Law regards what

the order to the common good

249

In regarding the common good, who does law regard

all people

250

Can a private person lead another to virtue

no, he can only advise

251

If no advice is taken, it is no

coercive power

252

The good of one househould is ordained to what

the good of the single state which is perfect community

253

What did God instill into man's mind

law

254

Even if you were not present when law was promulgated you are still what

bound to it

255

What type of law is ruled by divine providence, governed by divine rease

eternal law

256

What is eternal law

the idea of the government of things in God has nature of law

257

What things are ruled by eternal law

all things

258

What type of law is rational creature shares eternal reason, natural inclinations to proper act and end, participation in eternal law in rational creature

natural law

259

What is natural law

rational creature's participation of eternal law

260

According to natural law, every act of reasoning is based on what

principles we know naturally

261

According to natural law, every act of appetite is derived from what

natural appetite

262

what is it when human reason proceeds to more particular determination of certain matters

human laws

263

What law is man directed how to perform, his proper acts in view of his last end

divine law

264

How should man be directed to an end

by God

265

On account of the uncertainty of human judgement, different people form different judgements on what

human acts

266

Can God's laws err

no

267

What types of matters can man judge

only external, not internal

268

Can human laws punish or forbid all evil deeds

no

269

What is the problem of ridding evil

you also rid good and hinder the common good

270

What is the proper effect of law

to lead to proper virtue, make man good

271

Is tyrannical law a law

no

272

What is tyrannical law

a perversian

273

WHo is the creator of all things

God

274

Who governs all things

God

275

Where is the plan for the state driven from

King's plan

276

What are natural laws

order of natural inclinations

277

What is the first inclination

to good

278

What is the second inclination

things that pertain to him

279

What is the third inclination

good according to nature of reason

280

What is a natural inclination

to know truth of God and live in society

281

What are man's natural inclinations

natural laws

282

What is speculative reason

concerned with what is necessary

283

What is practical reason

concerned with contingent matters such as human actions

284

The natural laws apply to what men

same for all

285

Are special cases offered in natural law

no

286

Why are special cases not offered for natural law

defective to validity and recognition, because some men have evil passions

287

Man has a natural aptitude for what

virtue

288

What is the human law derived from

law of nature

289

Human law can be divided for what reason

according to different kinds of men

290

Human law should be framed why

that one who governs the community of the state

291

Why are there various human laws

due to the various governments

292

Human laws direct what

human actions

293

Human laws should be proportionate to what

the common good

294

The power of human law, human laws do not forbid what

all vices

295

What does human law prohibit

murder and theft

296

How is the human law to lead people to virtue

gradually

297

Why must human law lead people gradually

if sudden, evil men would become greater evil

298

Doe the human law prescibe to all virtue

only those of the common good

299

What are two exceptions to the law being just

1.being contrary to common good either in respect of end or in respect of the author
2. through being opposed to divine good, laws of tyrants, or to idolatry

300

Who is exempt from human law

Sovereign

301

Rawls is against what position

utilitarian

302

What is the utilitarian position

justice is outcome of utility and a purely intuitive view of ethics

303

What does Rawls belief of justice

justice is a social contract

304

How do people choose the principles according to Rawls

without knowing their own abilities, positions in social order

305

What is the core of justice according to Rawls

fairness, just distributio of social primary goods

306

What are social primary goods

liberty, income, wealth, opportunity

307

When is inequality permissible

only if improved the position of the worst off social group and liberty restricted only for sake of greater liberty

308

What piece did Rawls write

Justice as Fairness

309

Who determines principles of justive

rational men

310

What does justice correspond to

the state of nature

311

How does justice correspond to the state of nature

via a social contract

312

How are principles chosen

via ignorance

313

WHy are principles chosen via ignorance

so no one has advantage or disadvantage

314

Who enacts laws

a chosen constitution and legislative

315

What comes as close as a society being a voluntary scheme

society satisfying principles of justice as fairness

316

Justice as Fairness has what two parts

1. an interpretation of initial situation and of the problem posed
2. a set of principles which would be agreed to

317

A set of principles which would be agreed to is what

contract theory

318

What are the two principles of justice

1. each person is to have equal rights to most extensive basic liberty
2. social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are
a. reasonably expected to be everyone's advantage
b. attached to positions and offices open to all

319

Are liberties all equal according to Rawl

yes

320

Why are liberties to all be equal

because citizens of a just society are to have the same basic rights

321

should distribution of wealth and income need to be equal

no

322

Why does wealth and income distribution not need to be equal

must be to everyone's advantage and accessible to all

323

how should social and economic inequalities be arranged

to everyone's benefits

324

What is injustice

inequalities that do not benefit all

325

What is liberty

certain pattern of social forms

326

What two things did the video tape address

1. defending a guilty party
2. suppressing evidence on basis of violation of Miranda Rights Violation

327

What is the exclusionary rule

a law that prohibits the use of illegally obtained material in a case

328

What are some common things Bahnsen, Spykeman, and Gould agree on

Christian's have an active role
State should respond and recognize Christian Values
Recognize Christ is King
Foundational concepts of reformation

329

What did Bahnsen write

The theonomic position

330

What does theonomic mean

law of God

331

What does theos mean

God

332

What does nomic mean

ruler/law

333

Where does Bahnsen believe the start of life needs to be

God's word

334

What is the only infalliable thing according to Bahnsen

The Bible

335

The Bible is the only infalliable thing since when

the Fall

336

How much does Bahnsen quote Scripture

a lot. Almost every sentence

337

Where does Bahnsen believe we can find the law

Old Testament of the bible

338

Do the rules of the Old Testament apply today

yes, there are exceptions

339

What are the exceptions for where the Old Testament does not apply

where God has revoked them and explicity by God

340

If we deny the Old Testament laws without God telling us, what does that insinuate

That God is not unchanging

341

According to the Sermon of the Mount, what is regarding the law

Jesus came to fulfill the law rather than do away with it

342

What are the 3 aspects/ types of Law in Old Testament

ceremonial
moral
civil or judicial

343

What are the moral laws

the 10 commandments

344

Do the moral laws still apply today

yes

345

What are the ceremonial laws

religious, sacrifices, temples

346

Do the ceremonial laws still apply today

no

347

Why do the ceremonial laws not apply

no longer needed under the New Covenant

348

Why are ceremonial laws no longer needed under the New Covenant

because Christ fulfilled them

349

What book of the Bible talks about Christ fulfilling the ceremonial laws

Hebrews

350

What are civil or judicial laws

stipulations for rulers, punishments, rules of institutions

351

What is the model of law for today

social justice

352

What is the outworking of moral laws

Civil laws

353

Does Bahnsen believe there is a distinction between social and political ethics

yes, a strong one

354

What power or right does government have

the power to wield the sword

355

What does the civil law of the old testament show

Biblical principles that government can deal with

356

The government only has a right to deal in matters if what

if God spells it out in old testament law

357

What is the primary role of government

to enforce God's criminal law

358

Does Bahnsen believe that it is government's role to care for the poor

No

359

Is there anything in OT government law that says government is to care for the poor

No

360

Is government responsible for education according to Bahnsen

No

361

What piece did Spykeman write

Principle of Pluralism

362

According to Spykeman, what does the Bible provide

a worldview

363

What are we to do with the worldview that the Bible supplies

take that and apply it to our lives and decisions

364

Is the worldview and Bible able to be directly applied

No, there is interpretive work

365

Does Spykeman believe there is to be a seperation between church and state

no

366

How much Scripture does Spykeman use

very little

367

Instead of using a lot of Scripture, what does Spykeman use instead

political theories

368

What are the two types of pluralism

structural and confessional

369

What is structural pluralism

God created several spheres in civil

370

What is confessional pluralism

Not saying that all religions are ture, but every religion has an equal right to exist

371

How many ways does Spykeman say there is to authority

One

372

What are the two types of aspects of the spheres

sphere sovereignty
sphere universality

373

What is sphere sovereignty

each sphere has their own authority

374

What is sphere universality

all spheres work together to work adn promoted wholesome life

375

Does Bahnsen agree with sphere sovereignty and universality

yes

376

Does Spykeman government should have a say if a religion is true or false

No

377

Does Bahnsen believe a government should have a say if religion is true or false

Yes

378

How should government act according to Bahnsen in saying a religion is true or false

no to forcibly convert people but tell people what is true and false and lead their hearts to change

379

What Scripture does Spykemen use

John 1:14, Matthew 13, Psalm 82 and Heb 1:2

380

What is Matthew 13 about

the wheat and tares. Farmer plants good seeds but at night enemies plant weeds. Jesus says wait til harvest to pull bad weeds

381

Why does Spykemen use Matthew 13

to show that we should not pull out false religions as you may also lose good ones in the process

382

According to Spykemen, what is the role of government

help the poor, do justice for them, and do righteous

383

What does Bahnsen believe Psalm 82 is talking about

not about poverty

384

What does Spukemen believe Psalm 82 is talking about

those in poverty

385

According to Spykemen, where did government start within history

part of the created order that God had set in motion

386

According to bahnsen, where did governmeent start within history

at the fall

387

What did Bahnsen believe government was to do

respond to the fall

388

What did Spykeman believe government was to do

more than just respond to the fall

389

What are vouchers

a piece of paper that says government will pay for you to go to whatever school you want for education

390

How must you judge Bahnsen and Spyke on their arguments

hermeneutically

391

What did William Gould write

The National Confesisonal Primer

392

How much Scripture did Gould use

a lot like Bahnsen

393

According to the Bible, Jesus is the part of the

trinity

394

What Sripture does Gould use

Psalm 2, Phil2, Romans 13, Rev 3, Matt 28

395

What is Matthew 28

the Great commission

396

What does Jesus say to start the Great Commission

"All authority has been given to me

397

What was Jesus's role

to be a mediator for us

398

When did Jesus complete his role as mediator

just after the crucifixition and resurrection

399

On the argument of Gould, who gave Christ an aspect of kingship

father

400

Psalm 2 calls Jesus

the annointed one

401

When else is Jesus called the Annointed One and this Scripture is used

His baptism

402

What must nations do

submit and honor Christ

403

How were nations judged in teh OT

as a body

404

Why was Egypt punished

pharaoh did not let Israellites go

405

How was Sodom and Gommorah judged

fire and brimstone fell

406

How does the U.S. constitution start

"we the people

407

Who does the U.S. constitution put as in charge

we

408

What do we need in the constitution

a national confession

409

What is a national confession different than

a state church

410

What are groups that have helped towards a national confession

reformed presbyterians and NRA

411

What si the NRA

national reformed Association

412

Who was the first major post New Testament dude

Augustine

413

What type of religion did Rome have a long tradition of

polytheism

414

What is polytheism

many Gods

415

What occurs to Rome

They are overrun by Germanic tribes

416

Who did Rome blame for bieng Run over by Germaninc tribes

believed it was Christians

417

Why did Rome believe Christians were at fault

Christians are about peace, love, kiss the enemy on the cheeck, and Rome gods were mad when Christian God was said to be the only one

418

Christians say what about military

God approves servant military

419

What must humans live within according to Augustine

civil society or community of commo interests and justice

420

Does Augustine believe there is justice

yes

421

According to Augustine, a bad sovereign who rules unfairly is just like what

a robber

422

Are we still supposed to obey a robber like sovereign

yes

423

What was Augustines main contribution

the two cities

424

What did Augustine believe were the two cities

man and God

425

Are the two cities physical

no

426

How do we know which city we belong to

by our love

427

What type of love is in the city of man

self-love

428

What type of love is in the city of God

kind and compassionate

429

In the city of man do we need government

yes

430

WHy do we need government in the city of man

to contain the problems and so self love does not abide

431

Why do humans still need civil government

we are sinful and need to function in society

432

Does Augustine buy the argument that God is King so we do not need a civil government

no

433

Why must we obey civil government

Romans 13

434

Is Augustine an isntrumentalist

yes

435

Are we to obey tyranical sovereign

yes, it falls under Romans 13

436

According to Augustine, what is the ethical place that we may refuse to obey government

if government refuses people to worship God

437

How is worship of God to be defined

in a narrow sense of gathering together, not meaning all of life

438

What type of justice does the sovereign have

transcendent justice

439

How are all other people, besides sovereign judged

obeying government

440

WHy did Augustine say that Rome fell

because it never established justice internally or externally

441

What type of war did Augustine promote

Just War

442

What is a just war

a war characterized by justice

443

How can wars be characterized by justice

the reason the war is being fought and the methods we are using to fight

444

Does Augustine talk about church and state

not directly but his ideas can be applied to institutions

445

What was Pope Galacious big theory about

two swords

446

Where did these two swords come from

God

447

Who received these two swords

one was for ecclesiastical and for the civil magistrate

448

What does the sword theory tell about civil magistrate power

it is limited, the government cannot do everything it wants to

449

How is the civil magistrate limited

rule according to God's law, the civil magistrate cannot interfere with church

450

What passage of Scripture does Pope Galacious use

Luke 22

451

What is Luke 22 about

Luke's account of the last supper

452

What does Christ say during the last supper that Pope Galacious uses

two swords are enough

453

When Christ says two swords are enough, what is Christy sybolizing

Priest and King are enough

454

Were the Priest and King together or seperate in OT

seperate

455

Was jesus a priest or a king

both

456

How was jesus a prist and a king

he was perfect and did not abuse the power

457

Before Jesis leaves, what did he reassert

that church and state must be seperated

458

The two sword idea dominated up through what

the reformation and ecen in Catholic Lutheran theology

459

What did Galatius believe the church had

coercive authority

460

Did Galatius provide the power civil government and the power the church had

no

461

Why did Galatius not provide a list of the powers

he believed they were self evident

462

What is Curtis's idea

papal supremacy

463

What is Papal supremacy

when in doubt the church wins

464

What is a papal

a pope

465

What does the papal supremacy believe about the sword idea

God gave twoo swords to the eclessiastical and then the church will give one to the civil magistrate

466

What Bible passage is used for the argument that church received both swords

matthew 16:13

467

What does Matt 16:13 say

Jesus gives to Peter the leader of earthly church the keys to the kingdom

468

In giving the keys to the kingdom to Peter, what has Jesus done

delegates earthly authority to Peter and everything means everything

469

WHo is the civil magistrate answerable to under papal supremacy

the church

470

Accordng to Pope Gregory II who can be a legitimate ruler if they follow things of God

the church

471

Why does the church have the final say

because they can spreak for God

472

Who reflects the view that Christ tgave two swords to the church

John of Salisbury

473

Where is Salisbury

England

474

Who did Pope Gregory II get mad with

Henry IV of Germany

475

Whyd id Pope Gregory II and Henry IV of Germany get mad

they were arguing on who gets to decide proper clergy

476

Thomas ABreckett and Henry II of England get in a fight about what

who gets to tax who

477

What did King Hencry want

Thomas Abreckett rid

478

How was Thomas Abreckett rid

he was killed

479

Thomas Abreckett was viewed by his people as a what

martyr

480

What does John Salisbury use to represent role of church and government

the body

481

Where did John of Salisburty get his body idea

fro 1 Corinthians

482

What was the head of the body to represent

the prince or sovereign

483

What was the role of the head prince or sovereign

to dictate everything and control it

484

What was the soul of the body to represent

church of priest

485

What is the role of the soul

it was the essence of being, judged for sin and salvation in after life

486

What was the role of the soul in the body

provides a moral compass and ethics

487

What is the sould responsible for

eveything

488

What sword the church gives can also what

be taken away

489

WHo has the authority to say what is right ang wrond

church

490

A prince fighs for what

laws of people, seeks liberty to be cherished

491

Once the church takes away the sword, what occurs

he is no longer God's minister

492

If not in conformity of church, the statue or ordinance of prince is what

knod, null, void

493

If a law is not in conformity to church what must prince do

change the law

494

What is a tyrant

a person who says he is not changing the law despite it not being in conformity

495

WWhat does the church do to a tyrant

take away his sword

496

Do people need to obey the tyrant

no

497

Who has fianl authority

the church

498

What are places in American politics that can null or void things

Supreme court

499

What does Bull unam sanctum coming from

Spoken by Pope Boniface VIII but through the authority of Christ. Christ is speaking on Earth

500

What does Pope Bonifaces VII bull unam sanctum say

church wins, that is how he limits government, both swords material and spiritual are in power of church

501

When did Pope Boniface VIII issue Bull unam sanctum

1302

502

According to matthew 22, Caesar represented what

the civil authority

503

According Matt 22, God represented what

the ecclesiastical authority

504

What does the passage Matt 22 imply

we are to obey civil government, but civil government is limited

505

According to matt 22, why is civil government limited

Caesar does not have authority over what is God's

506

According to Matt 22, are we still to obey Caesar even though he did not meet the requirements of an Israellite ruler

yes

507

According to Romans 13, the government is God's what

servant

508

What is the government supposed to do according to Romans 13

bring just punishment

509

According to Romans 13, who appoints the government

God

510

According to Romans 13, did humans invent the government

no

511

Since God has established the governing authorities, we are to what

submit to them

512

What is submit

respect with willingness

513

If we rebel against government, according to Romans 13, we ultimately do what

rebel against God and what he has instituted

514

According to Romans 13, we are to praise what

what is good

515

According to Romans 13, we are to do what with evil

punish it

516

Why are we to submit to government

because of conscience because God established government

517

What is another reason we must submit to government

because of possible punishment

518

Even though the government is pagan, what does Romans 13 call us to do

obey

519

What is 1 Peter 2:13 about

submission to authority even if persecuted

520

According to I Peter 2, who has supreme authority

government

521

According to I Peter 2, who sent government

God

522

According to I Peter 2, why did God establish government

to punish wrongdoers and commend the good

523

What is occurring in Acts 5:17-32 to the apostles

the high priest and the saducees have arrested the apostles and put them in jail.

524

After the apostles were put in jail, what does Acts 5:17-32 say happened

an angel came and freed the apostles from jail, they disobeyed the civil magistrate and began to preach

525

According to Acts 5: 17-32, who must we obey

God rather than man

526

What does Acts 5: 17-32 ultimately teach us about who we should obey

we have the right to disobey the government if its law goes against God's word

527

What does I Timothy 2 call us to do

pray for the government

528

What does Acs 4 and 5 teach us

the times when we may obey the civil government

529

Who are the Big Three Guys that address who and when we must obey

Gould, Bahnsen, Spykman

530

From what perspective do Gould, Bahnsen, and Spykman teach

the reformed perspective

531

Do all three men believe in the Bible

yes

532

What do all three men believe about the Bible

that it has something to say about Government

533

What did Gould write

The National Confession Primer

534

When did Gould write the National confession Primer

1997

535

What did Bahnsen write

The theonomic position

536

When did Bahnsen write the theonomic position

1989

537

What did Spykeman write

The Principled Pluralist Position

538

When did Spykeman write the principled pluralist position

1989

539

What was the main topic that GOuld was writing about

National Confessionalism

540

What does Gould believe should occur in the constitution

preamble should have an explicit confession of the Lordship of Christ

541

Currently what does the constitution have

a preamble that claims man has the highest powwer

542

According to Gould, who should be recognized as King and ruler of everthing

God

543

How did Gould believe people would be judged

for the nation as a whole

544

What type of moral culpability did Gould believe there was

collected moral culpability

545

Did Gould believe every individual needed to confess that Christ was King

no

546

Who did Gould believe should confess Christ was King

the political system as a whole

547

Gould wants to do what in order to announce Christ as King

amend the Constituition

548

How did Gould want to amend the Constitution

make it recognize God as king over all

549

When Gould wanted to amend the Constituition was he suggesting a state church

no, no particular domination

550

What did Gould believe needed to happen before salvation could occur

reivival

551

Ultimately what did Gould want Christ/God to be regonized as

sovereign rather than people

552

How does Gould use Matthew 28:18

to show all authority on Earth comes from God

553

Why does Gould think the united states is in serious trouble

because we the people are the government

554

In the Establishment vs National confession, what is the establishment

recognize church as place of worship that is seperate

555

What is the National Confession do

recognizes Christ is King

556

Who is an example of a non-Israelite king that did not recognize Christ as ultimate over the nation

Nebuchadnezzar

557

Who did GOuld say made government

God

558

Who is Christ sovereign over

the church AND government

559

Why are people more responsible to reflect Christ than Nebuchadnezzar

because we are the government, all people are responsible for the nation's sins

560

How must we think aboout Gould's debate

normatively

561

What does Goulds debate rest in

evangelical

562

Are all confessionalists theonomists

no

563

All confessionalists agree on what

that government is limited

564

All confessionalists disagree on what

how government is limited

565

What is the main topic Bahnsen is writing about

theonomy

566

What are the three laws of the OT

ceremonial
civil
and moral

567

What is Thonomy

God is the law

568

What does Bahnsen believe about God and His role

He is sovereign

569

What perspective does Bahnsen start with

a reformed perspective

570

What does Bahnsen believe government should base their laws upon

the 10 commandments

571

Do OT laws still apply today according to Bahnsen

yes

572

What does Bahnsen believe about idolatry

it should not be allowed

573

What type of Nation should America be

a Christian nation

574

What should be the basis for the antion according to Bahnsen

God's law

575

What is civil law built uupon according to Bahnsen

God's law and its study

576

According to Bahnsen what does Psalm 2 show

that the american nation should kiss and show respect, obey Jesus, he is the ruler over all things

577

How do Kings know they are "kissing" God

if they are obeying His laws

578

Where is America to look for our answers according to Bahnsen

the Bible

579

Why can we not rely on ourself for the answers

because we are fallen and sinful

580

How does Bahnsen use Matthew 5:17

Show that Christ did not come to abolish the Law or the Prophets but to fulfil them

581

Since Christ came to fulfill the laws, did he fulfill them all

no

582

What laws did Christ come to fulfill

ceremonial laws

583

Do ceremonial laws still apply today

no

584

Who is the law giver according to bahnsen

God

585

Who can change the laws according to Bhansen

God

586

Where in the Bible do we know ceremonial laws have been fulfilled by Christ

Hebrews and Galations

587

Has moral law changed

no

588

Has civil law changed

no

589

Why has civil law not changed

because it is a reflection of the moral law

590

How does Bahnsen feel about laws in NT applicable to laws in OT

they must be repeated in NT for OT to apply now, but not all moral laws are repeated

591

What must we recognize between OT laws and modern laws

there are cultural changes

592

What do cultural changes do to laws

make them inapplicable but we still learn and apply the morals behind those laws

593

What are the roles and things government can do

what the Bible says it can do

594

What is governments ultimate role

to beinvolved in criminal justice

595

Does Bahnsen feel government has a role in schools

no

596

Is God changing

no

597

Is God as just now as he was

yes

598

Since God is still just, why does he not judge the whole nations

key is to keep distinction between social and political ethics

599

What is the main topic Spykman is talking about

Principles of pluralism

600

What is Spykman's view of the government

a creation ordinance, designed to provide justice for the poor

601

What does Spykman say we need to develop

a worldview

602

What is a worldview do

attempts to provide a holistic understanding of scriptural teaching about all areas of life

603

What is a paradigm of society

worldview

604

What does worldview serve as

a framework for evaluating the issues of state life, directing your efforts to defien and clarify the place and task of civil government within contemporary society

605

What type of worldview does Spykman say we should have

transformational and reformational world view

606

Hermeneutically, what is Spykman's position based upon

biblical texts

607

What do these biblical texts teach

rulers are divinely ordained administrators of public justice

608

What is hermeneutics

the theory and methodology of interpretation of Scripture

609

What does hermeneutically mean

the way a person interprets the Bible

610

How many views of the state did Spykman have

three

611

What were the three views of the state SPykman had

Individualist, collectivist, pluralist

612

Who mainly held the individualist view of the state

the West

613

How did Individualist view people

as autonomous

614

How did viewing people as autonomous lead into view of nation

a free nation rather than communist

615

What is the role of the state to an individualist

a governing agency

616

Who created the states role in an individualist view

created by the people

617

A state created by the people reflects what political position

democratic

618

What group of people held the collectivist view

mainly the East

619

What did collectivists view as the basic unit of society

an all embracing megastructure institution

620

What are examples of an all embracing megastructure instituition

city state, empire, catholic church

621

What is the role of the instituition accordign to the collectivist view

acts as the central bureaucratic seat of authority

622

What does instituition control according to the collectivist view

all life every sphere of society

623

Who mainly held the pluralist position

those with a transformational, reformational world view

624

What did the pluralist position view how men live

within a network of divinely ordained life-relationships

625

WHo ordained these life-relationships

God

626

What did the pluralist position view or name these life-relationships

spheres of activity

627

What did these spheres of activity constitute

community life

628

What are examples of spheres

family, school, state

629

In the pluralist view, how do people fulfill their calling

through communal associations

630

What are the two types of pluralism vies

structural pluralism and confessionalism

631

What is structural pluralism

God created the world with various structures which order life and coordinate human interaction

632

What are types of structures created by God

civil government, marriage, the family, the church, schools, marketplace

633

What is confessional pluralism

refers to the right of the various religious groups to develop their own patterns of involvement in publif through their own associations

634

What are types of associations various religious groups may have

schools, political parties, labor unions, churches

635

What is sphere sovereignty

teaches that each sphere has its own independent authority

636

Should other spheres dominate other spheres

no

637

How is all of life is religion

an unbroken series of ongoing human responses

638

How does collectivist view religion forpeople

group

639

How does Individualist view religion

up to each individual

640

Who established structural pluralism and gives them roles

God

641

SHould the government interfere with false religions

no, each should be allowed

642

When does Spykeman believe institutions and government came to be

before the fall

643

What parable does Spykeman use to show the need for false religions and not ridding them

Grain and taxes parable Matt 13.

644

What does Matt 13 say

do not weed because you will uproot the good with the bad. Te government may ruin good practice and false doctrines, there fore let all religions flourish and bad ones will be weeded out at end

645

WIll the owrthy religions die if bad ones not pulled out

no they will demonstrate themselves

646

Does Spykeman believe government should interfere with religion

no

647

Does Bahnsen believe government should interfere with religion

no

648

When does Bahnsen believe government came to be

afer the fall as a result

649

What does Spykman say government should reflect

God's goodness and justice

650

What does Bahnsen say government should reflect

he says it cannot reflect

651

Why does Bahnsen say government cannot reflect God

because it is not God ordained

652

What to things did political philosophers believe

though government should be Christian
intent was to answer questions of people

653

Is Augustine writing primarily as a political theorist

no

654

Rome had a long tradtion with what religion

polytheism

655

citicizens with Rome were to say their highest allegiance was

Rome

656

What view did Christians emphasize

their body

657

With Christians emphasizing the role of their body, what occurred to Rome

Roman unity was destoryed

658

WHo was to blame for the fall of Rome

Chrsitians

659

What specifically caused the fall of Rome

love principle that Christians held

660

What view holds that Christians caused Rome's defeat

traditionalist

661

Why have Christians bweakened

because of always love and peace

662

Who would Christians not give their loyalty

Caesar

663

Why were Christians questioning their loyalty

because they felt loyalty was to God

664

Christians were viewed as being what

intolerant and exclusive

665

In adhering to the one true God, Christians ultimately did what

made the other gods mad

666

What were two questions Christians had

to what extent do we have to obey caesar if he is an unjest ruler and do we have any business serving the military

667

Where does Augustine say justice comes from

Christ as King

668

Why Did Augustine say ROme ultimately fell

because they never established JUSTICE and so could never develop as a civil society

669

When can justice exist in a society

if it is based on Christ

670

When does Christianity become the religion

When constantine ends persecution of CHristians

671

After Christians were the religion what happened 1-- years later

Rome was sacked by Germans

672

Who was to blame for the Germans sacking

blamed Christians

673

Why were Christians blamed

turned ROme into a nation of wimps
no unity
made other gods mad

674

What view holds that it isthe Christians fault for fall of Rome

Traditionalist view

675

How does Augustine define a civil society

an assemblage associated by a common acknowledgement of common right and community of interest

676

How must people be in a civil society according to Augustine

they must be social and interact

677

What is necessary in a civil society according to Augustine

one must have justice and christian principles

678

Why must there be justice and christian principles

seperates civil kingdoms from robbers
is reflective o Christ being King
most famous people ruled during a war

679

Why did Rome fall apart accroding to Augustine

because they never figured out a syste of justice

680

Not having a system of justice means no what

structure

681

Government gets their responsibility from whom

God

682

Robbers take their responsibilities from whom

themselves and people

683

How should leaders operate

out of justice

684

Unless government is operating out of Justice it is no different than what

any other robber

685

Where is justice found

on the basis of God's laws

686

What was the Problem with Rome

they never ruled out of Justice

687

What was Augustine's main political contributio theory

two cities

688

What did the two cities represent

two types of people

689

What were the two cities

heavenly and earthly

690

What was the heavenly city

primary allegiance to God's desires

691

What was the earthly city

primary allegiance to their own desires

692

Are these two cities geographic

no

693

Do these two cities exist

yes

694

How are the earthly and heavenly cities distinguished

by what motivates them

695

Why does earthly man need civil government

to guide them

696

Why do people in heavenly city also need government

because those people live with non CHristians

697

Whcih cities need a civil magistrate

both heavenly and earthly

698

What passage tells us the heavenly city needs civil magistrate

Romans 13

699

Why does Romans 13 say we need civil magistrate

for conscience sake, to live with people from earthly city

700

WHy does the earthly city need civil magistrate

for protection

701

What is the City of God motivated by

love for God

702

What is the city of man motivated by

love for self

703

3 reasons why the city of god needs civil magistrate

they are not perfect
protection from outsiders
to teach to recognize sin

704

What laws must the heavenly city obey

laws of earthly city

705

Why must the heavenly city obey earthly laws

for earthly and heavenly peace

706

If we do not obey earthly laws then what occurs

it hinders our ability to worship

707

WHo must obey civil government

EVERYONE

708

What are exceptions to when we do not need to obey

when government tells people how and who to worship

709

OF the 5 submission theories, which one would Augustine apply to

#1

710

What are the 2 responsibilities of nation

rulers must pass just laws
citizens must obey regardless of structure

711

HOw does Augustine address the question of whether christians can ethically fight in a war

Just war theory

712

When was the Just war theory very important

throughout middle ages

713

How are just and unjest wars distinguished

by their motive and their cuases for war

714

Augustine argues we may only fight in a war if what

we are fighting for a just cause

715

How is the just cause distinguished

by motive

716

Augustine arguew who is responsible for morally of the war

RULER

717

Who decides if it is a just war

Leader

718

If the leader decides the war is just what must the citizens do

submit

719

What is a just war

good motive and good method

720

If a sovereign is judged for calling an unjust war what must the soldiers do

ethical responsibility to obey

721

Was there a difference between ecclesiastical and civil

yes

722

What limits government

a higher law that cannot be changed by people

723

Justice exist only when what

Christ is ruler

724

When christ is ruler, what is the nation

Biblical

725

Citizens have what obligation

to obey government

726

Augustine though there was what for government

a limit

727

What did Augustine influence

many political systems

728

Once ROme falls, what is the only institution that can bring order

the church

729

What idea did Pope Gelasius I present

two swords

730

What did the two swords symbolize

authority

731

Government is like two swords how

1 swroed belongs to priest and to the king

732

In Christ was hwas what

both priest and king

733

Why could God be both priest and King

because he was perfect

734

Because no one else is perfect, what has God done with power

split them

735

The swords come from who

God

736

Why did God separate the swords

because of our sin

737

Who has the right to put the swords back together

no one except God

738

What Scripture does the Pope Gelasius I use

Luke 22:28

739

What does Luke 22:28 say

lukes account of the last supper. The disciples daid "See, Lord, here are two swords and Jesus says that is enough

740

What is God reminding his decisples in Luke 22:28

that when he leaves there will be two swords

741

What will be the two swords when he leaves

ecclesiastical and civil

742

What does God give both civil and eccleastical power of their own

each sphere of Authority

743

Who is the civil responsible for

City of Man

744

Who is the ecclesiastical responsible for

City of God

745

Do Ecclesiastical and Civil have right to tell others what to do

no

746

Do Ecclesiastical and Civil have responsibilieteis to each other

yes

747

In rare circumstances where the two powers dispute, who does Galasius think wins

Priest should win and give advice to civil magistrate

748

This 2 sword theory is dominant view for up to when

reformation

749

What are the 2 models that grow out of the tension between the 2 swords

papal supremacy model and ?

750

In resonse to galasius what was a model

papal supremacy model

751

What does the papal supremacy model state

when civil and ecclesiastical do not agree, the church wins

752

What scripture is used to support the papal supremacy model

Matthew 28 and Matthew 16:13-19

753

What is Matthew 28 stating

all authority is given to Christ. The great commission, all authoritcy oon heaven and earth is given to Christ

754

What is Matthew 16:13-19 about

Christ delegates civil and ecclesiastical power to Peter who passes it on to popes

755

What does peter become

bishop of Rome

756

Who has the final authority over everything

Pope

757

How does the papal supremacy model view the 2 swords

Christ has been given all authority to the church and the church turns around and gives authority to civil magistrate, civil magistrate gets its sword from the church

758

What is the order of the swords in the papal supremacy model

God to church to civil

759

If a king is going against the church, what is he doing

setting his dignity above God

760

What happens if you prefer the things of man above the things of God

you are no longer a legitimate ruler

761

How many swords does church have if no legitimate ruler

2

762

What is an example of Papal supremacy model

Pope Gregory and civil leader argue aboutt where priests go. Gregory excommunicates Henry IV

763

In excommunicating Henry IV, who won

the church triumphed

764

In god giving the swords to the church, the church thus has the right to

take the swords away from those they give it to

765

Where is the king in relationship to God and the church

under

766

The papal supremacy model shows what

there are limits to government

767

When was papal supremacy modeled

110AD

768

Where was John of Salisbury

in england

769

What was occurring in england When John of Salisbury was writing

civil and eccleaiastical were at odds

770

What did John of Salisbury write

"The stateman's book

771

What was the stateman's book about

recognizes the need for civil and ecclesiastical government

772

Who does John build off of

pope gelasius

773

Does John make a biblical argument

yes

774

Where does King get power according to John

God

775

How does John think of civil society

as a body

776

What is the head of the civil society body

prince

777

What is the soul of the civil society body

priest

778

Why is the priest the soul of the body

he is responsible for all that happens within the body, especially the morals and conscious for that is wha's judged and seat of moral reason

779

What is the soul accountable for

everything the body does

780

The priest is responsible for what

everything the government does

781

Who is ultimately responsible for society

the priest

782

Why does the priest not do everything

the priest does jobs not worth of priesthood

783

What is the responsibility given to the civil magistrate

to rule according to God's law

784

What are two implications of civil subject to church

church has right to take it away
civil law is null and void if disagrees with curch

785

What can the civil magistrate not do

enforce laws that go against the Bible

786

What has changed in regards to higher law in america

the supreme court has the power to null and void laws

787

How does John of Salisburty define the prince

fights for rights of people; rules according to God's laws

788

What does John define a tyrant

wicked, refuses to follow God's law, should be killed

789

How does John say people should respond to tyrants

Romans 13 does not apply anymore if ruler is a tyrant

790

From Johns Christian view, what ironically appears

seperation of church and state

791

When is this view of seperation of church and state strong

13th century

792

What summarizes John of Salisburty

Papal Bull Unam Sanctum

793

WHo wrote Papal Bull Unam Sanctum

Pope Boniface

794

When was Papal Bull Unam Sanctum writeen

1302

795

What is bull

authoritative pronouncement

796

What does the papal bull unam sanctum say

the church is ultimately responsible

797

Why did many feel the church had been corrupted under the papal supremacy model

the church had all the power, and this was not thought to be a good idea