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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (393):
1

What is Empirical

Questions of what is

2

What is Normative

Questions of what should be

3

Are facts empirical or normative

empirical

4

Are values empirical or normative

normative

5

What key word helps identify empirical questions

is

6

What key word helps identify normative questions

ought

7

Can an empirical question prove a normative question

no

8

Can a normative question prove an empirical question

no

9

What is a problem with normative vs empirical questions

people have different ideas and starting points on what is normative

10

Why do people have different ideas and starting points for defining what is normative

we are exposed to different ideas and sources of information

11

In chemistry and engineer do we start with empirical or normative

normative values

12

Is empirical value free

no

13

Is normative just an opinion

no

14

Is there a wall between empirical and normative

no

15

When did Thomas Hobbes write

1600s (17th century)

16

How does Hobbes describe humans

they are similar to each other in that they all have desires and wants

17

Does Hobbes believe in a government

no

18

What does Hobbes believe in

an organization where there is no government

19

What state is the organization in if there is no government

the state of nature, no social organization

20

In the state of nature what can't you do if someone takes something from you

can't call authority
can't ask and get it back

21

How would you be able to get something back in Hobbes view of state of nature

take back by force
make a trade or extorsion

22

What are two big problems in the state of nature

force and fraud

23

In the state of nature, what is there NOT room for

industry and agriculture

24

In the state of nature, what is the lot of man

solitary, poor, nasty, brutish

25

Does Hobbes believe man does or doesn't have ration

man does have ration

26

What are the problems with trade in the state of nature

broken promises

27

What is the mechanism to bring order to a society

Sovereign/ government

28

What can government tell us

what is and isn't ethical

29

What can the government do

make decisions, allow protection from each other, enforce rules

30

What does Hobbes say in regards to why we have government

to bring order to society and to protect us from each other

31

What are the 3 things that government can do

bring order
protect ourselves from others
protect us from ourselves

32

What three questions need addressed and answered for us to agree on political philosophy

is there a God/if so What is He like
Is there ethical absolutes
What are Humans like

33

What word do we use when a punishmnt is considered overly severe

Draconian

34

Where does the word Draconian come from

an Athenian named Draco

35

Who was Draco

established a code of laws which rather than promoting stability and equality became known for their terrible severity

36

What amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment by the civil government

Eighth Amendment

37

What is a caveat

a warning

38

How does Hobbes respond to the question is there ethical absolutes. Are there any transcendent moral values

He says no, the sovereign must decide these

39

How do liberals answer the question what are humans like

inherently bad and need government

40

How do conservatives answer the question what are humans like

inherently bad but improvable and do not need government

41

If there are no overarching ethics, what is difficult to figure out

transcendental ethics if no higher being

42

What does Hobbes call the government

Leviathan

43

What is Leviathan

a great sea monster found in the book of Job

44

Is Leviathan a good or bad type of government

a good type

45

What type of government would be ideal according to Hobbes

a large and powerful

46

In the state of nature, what are the resource for humans like

scarce

47

What is the first rule in the state of nature

to look out for one's self, preserve one's self

48

What 3 reasons for our need for government

1. bring order to society by protecting us from ourselves and each other
2. Provides for the common defense (foreign attacks)
3. Provides goods and services that individuals (private sector) and markets cannot sufficiently provide

49

What are examples of goods and services that the government can provide

Public education
Post offices and mail
Roads and mass transportations
Public utilities (water, sewers, and electric)
Currency
Police
Healthcare

50

What are three problems with having a government

1. we may not all agree on the goals of the government and the sovereign
2. We may not agree on how to ethically accomplish them
3. We are in conflict of our priorities

51

Where does the answer to all 3 of these problems lie

in justice and how we view justice

52

What is the difference between disagreeing ethically on how to accomplish something vs conflict in priorities

In ethically disagreeing we believe that the other person's view is wrong, in priorities we say the others views are OK but we have our priorities off

53

What is Neikerks definition of Politics

the authoritative resolution of conflict through the allocation of values and resources

54

What does authoritative resolution of... NOT mean

everyone is happy
the issue will never come back up again
the sovereign has reached technically and ethically solution

55

What DOES resolution of... mean

Decision has been made where there is conflict

56

What DOES authoritative resolution mean

it binds us all, the decision applies to us all
Sovereign has right to take away property, liberty, life to make decisions

57

Government has what...

authority

58

What DOES through the allocation of values and resources mean

can tell where the resources will be used
decides what he values to act, value judgment that stands for us all

59

What is the ultimate expression of government

budget, time, people, power

60

What is the ultimate expression of priorities

where we use our resources

61

In Neikerk's definition of politics, what is he NOT saying about values

government determines ethics

62

What is Neikerk saying ABOUT values

every decision the Sovereign makes is value related, and the decisions made are taken to make an impact of our values

63

Every decision made by the sovereign is what type of decision

a value decision

64

What is an oxymoron

extreme opposites, exaggeration

65

What is Neikerk's definition of government

offices and roles that are established in a society to make these authoritative decisions

66

What are offices

where the power is in the position rather than the people

67

What are roles

accepted and expected patterns of behavior usually enforced informally

68

What article in the constitution is about parties

none of them

69

Where does the power to make authoritative decisions rest

in offices not individuals

70

What is an example of power lieing in Office not Individual

Office of President not Donald Trump

71

Why doesn't the constitution talk about political parties

it is not a formal structure

72

What is the relationship between government and politics

if you want to understand the gods of a country look at its laws
Is it possible to keep religion out of politics

73

What is Russel Kirk's view on politics and religion

politics inefforably are built on religion

74

What does Reichley believe about religion and politics

they are intertwined

75

Why does Reichley believe religion and politics are intertwined

they rest on cultural basises

76

Does Kirk believe society can function on basic values

no

77

How does Kirk believe that societies can function together

if they share the same values

78

What does Kirk believe our laws reflect

basic fundamental values

79

What are the 7 value systems that each culture picks one to link religion and politics

monism
secular egoism
authoritarianism
idealism
personalism
civil humanism
theist humanism

80

What is monism view

we should only seek the spiritual and resist the material

81

In a monistic view what should occur to our physical needs

should all be put away

82

What type of view do we hold of existence

totally spiritualized view

83

What is a secular egoistic view

we reduce all value to the drives and appetites of an individual

84

What does value rely upon in the secular egoistic view

the needs and desires of a person

85

Are the values in the secular egoistic view absolute

no as they change based upon the individuals feelings

86

Are there transcendent ethics in the secular egoistic view

no

87

How is good defined in the secular egoistic view

individuals acting out of self interest

88

What is the authoritarianitic view

basing value entirely on the welfare of a social group

89

How are values based in the authoritarianism view

that of the majority's will, depends truly on what the group thinks

90

Are there transcendent ethics in authoritariansm view

no

91

Are the values in the authoritarianism view absolute

no they change with the attitudes of the group

92

What is Idealism

identify goals of social group, finding ethical values in context of a group

93

What is a bureacrat

someone who works for the government

94

In idealism, is there transcendent ethics

yes

95

Where do transcendent ethics come from in idealism

they are there but the group helps you find them

96

What is Personalism

pursuing transcendence through individual experience

97

Are there transcendent ethics in personalism

yes

98

Does the personal experience create the ethics

no, only identifies them

99

Do you need other Christians to help identify ethics in personalism

no, only your self

100

What is Civil Humanism

balances the rights of the individuals against the needs of the group

101

Is there transcendent ethics in civil humanism

no

102

Is there moral law in Civil humanism

no

103

What is theist humanism

discovering ethics through both the individual and the group

104

Is there transcendent ethics in theist humanism

yes

105

Which views are culture based and no transcendent ethics

egoism
authoritarianism
civil humanism

106

Which views have overarching ethics and apply to all people

personalism,
idealism,
theist humanism

107

Which views apply to the individual

egoism, monism, personalism

108

Which views apply to the group

authoritarianism
civil humanism
idealism
theist humanism

109

Which view has neither transcendental ethics or no belief

monism

110

In order for a society to function, what must they do to these views

only pick and live by one

111

What does Reichley believe about a society and what view they pick to live by

the society will not last unless they pick a view with transcendental values

112

What are the 4 possible models of how organized religion and politics relate

separationists
social activists
accomodationists
direct interventionists

113

What are the two dimensions in which religion and politics intertwine

degree of institutional separation
church's role in public policy formation

114

What is the degree of institutional separation

how seperated does the church as an institution need to be from politics

115

What is the church's role in public policy formation mean

development of ideas, what degree should church give a say in public policy

116

What are separationists seeking

strict separation of church and state, small role of churches in politics and in forming political policy

117

What is the size of separation of church and state for separationists

strict

118

What is the size of the role for churches in politics for separationists

small role

119

Under separationists view, does a church have institutional ties

no

120

Under separationists view, does a church have a say in what are good policies

no

121

What is the church's role in the separationist view

to build values and morals and individuals can then apply to politics

122

What is an example group for separationists

conservative protestants

123

What is an Accomodationist believe

there should be a moderate degree of seperation with a moderate role in public

124

What is the size of the separation of church and state for accomodationists

moderate

125

What is the size of the role for church's who are accomodationists

moderate

126

Who is an example of being an accomodaitonist

Billy Graham

127

Why is Billy Graham an accomodationist

he advises presidents but will not say publically about abortion

128

What is the church's role in being an accomodationist

church can help in government
priest can run for office
set moral direction for public

129

What is a Social Activist

the church and state should be institutionally seperate but should play a large role in public formation

130

WHat is the size of separation between church and state for social activists

strict

131

What is the size of the role of church in public for social activists

large

132

What is the role of the church in public for social activists

tell government what is ethical, but priests cannot run for office

133

What is an example group of social activists

Roman Catholics

134

What are Direct Interventionists

they have a moderate degree of separation, large role of church in politics

135

What is the degree of separation for direct interventionists

moderate

136

What is the size of the role of churches in politics for direct interventionists

large

137

Who are examples of Direct Interventionists

Martin Luther King Jr. Civil Rights
Ben Carson
Jesse Jackson
Pat Riley
Jerry Falwell

138

In the 18th and 19th century, most prostetants held what model of religion and politics

interventionists

139

Most of the prostetant religions today hold what model of religion and politics

social activists or separationists

140

WHat led to change to theologically conservative protestant church's

Changing immigration patterns

141

What was the change of immigraiton patterns

18th/19th century had mainly protestants, while 19th/20th century were mainly Roman Catholic/Orthodox

142

What is escatology

pertaining to the end times

143

What is a post millenial view

world continues to get better and better, Christ's kingship is now and people will increasingly recognize Christ as King

144

What is a pre millenial view

reign of Christ is still in the future

145

What is a millenial

1000 years

146

As more religions become a thing, why is being an interventionist difficult

no religion consensus

147

Can church's be bought

potentially via the 5013C internal revenue code

148

What does the 5013C code indicate

that a person who makes a donation to a non profit organization can reduce that much off their total income, thus reducing their taxes

149

Organizations that are under the 5013C code have what limitation

they cannot preach politically or bring politics into

150

If an organization under the 5013C is caught bringing politics into discussion, what occurs

they lose their tax exemption

151

What things caused the theological shift in churches

german higher criticism
escatology

152

How does german higher criticism affect the view of churchs

raised questions about historical spiritual views and promoted church's from not being involved in politics since it affects other groups

153

How does escatology result in the shift of views of churches

a shift from post to pre millenial occurred

154

What is the problem in being pre millenial view

Christs reign is in the future, therefore the church cannot be listened to and can only play the role of saving people from the mud

155

What is the benefit of being post millenial

Since there are patterns occurring within the world, the church goes out and you have hope that the society will mend its way

156

How does a post millenial view affect politics

since christs return is at hand, more people will seek Christ and therefore this turn to Christ will include politics

157

How does a pre millenial view affect politics

Since Christ's return is in the future, Christianity will only increase in the future. World will not recognize Christ, therefore no need for church to be involved in politics

158

In a pre millenial view, what is the job of the church

to save people

159

In a pre millenial view, how will politics affect the church

it will infect the church

160

What piece did Dawson write

the significance of western development

161

When was the significance of western development written

1950

162

What is the time setting of this piece

Dark Ages

163

When were the Dark Ages

500-1000AD

164

How did the west develop differently

the Christian religion had an impact

165

What is an ideology

the way of life of a people, reflected in their collectively held ideas and beliefs concerning the nature of the ideal

166

What movement had a large impact

missionary movement

167

How did Christianity result in a moral conflict

brought morals and ethics that impacted government and culture

168

What 6 things did Christianity bring

a sense of ethics
infuses society in all its daily life
says people can change and can change their locations
meaning to life
impacts politics
encourages religion

169

With a sense of ethics, what else results

conflict

170

How does Christianity impact politics

leads to market based approach

171

How does it encourage religion

through education and literacy

172

What was the Western ideology

man-made and faith transcendent (belief in God)

173

What are several key features of Western religion

allows for change
missionary emphasis
not attached to one single structure
encourages reading and education

174

What were the Christian values of Western society based upon

morals and faith

175

What piece did Berman write

the religious foundations of western law

176

When did Berman write this piece

1985

177

Instead of writing about society, what did Berman focus his writing on

Western law and legal tradition

178

The structure of Western law is due to the division between what

secular authorities
spiritual authorites

179

What are secular authorities

people responsible for order and justice

180

What are spiritual authorities

people responsible for faith and morals

181

Where did the secular authority come from

Germanic tribal laws

182

What did Christianity contribute to Western law

gave people a sense of justice

183

Since we have given people a sense of justice, what have we lost

moral consensus

184

Berman believes much of our legal system is rooted in what

religion

185

What gave way to the underpinnings of the structure of law

Germanic tribal laws

186

What did Christian underpinnings lead to in Western legal tradition

ethics and a normative foundation

187

When we take CHristianity out of the legal system, what are we left with

legal formalisms

188

What is justice whenever ethics is taken out of the legal system

the outcome of whatever happens

189

A Christianity is lost, what occurs to the moral underpinnings of law

deterioration

190

What is the crisis of Western legal tradition do to

disintegration of our religious foundations

191

Why is the crisis of Western legal tradition occurring

because we took Christianity and ethical underpinnings

192

What are the 5 continuous steps of the crisis of Western legal tradition

1. take religion out of the legal system
2. lose values
3. left with only structural, legal formalisms
4. inability to resolve crucial conflicts
5. rules without values will not lead us to true justice

193

What piece did Wallis write

civil religion

194

When did Wallis write Civil Religion

1984

195

What is the concept Wallis is talking about in Civil Religion

the problem with Christians tending to adopt views of culture

196

What is the concept of civil religion

when an idea is presented, the church and christians adopt their views to fit culture instead of the culture adopting the views of Christianity

197

Is civil relgion a good thing or bad thing

bad thing

198

Who tends to perform civil religion the most

Christians

199

What is the definition of civil religion

defining what "religion" is in terms of the nation or government (it's constitution or economics)

200

What is an example of civil relgion

well our country is Godly so if we bomb Japan that's because their country was evil

201

In civil religion what do we do to the cultural consensus

call it Christian

202

Who ultimately is hurt by civil religion

Christians

203

What is tautology

the saying of the same thing twice just using different words

204

How is civil religion tautology

Saying anything our nation does is Christian because we by definition we are Christian

205

In civil relgion, who do we begin to depend upon

the actions of the government

206

Why do we depend upon the actions of the government in civil religion

to provide our morals and values

207

Depending upon the government for morals and values ultimately does what

weaken the Christian's faith

208

Our institutions and history have what

religious meaning and significance

209

Where is religious menaing and significance seen in institutions

"in God we Trust"

210

Where is religious meaning and significance seen in history

Lincoln prayed alot

211

Why is civil religion bad

it allows political figures to manipulate religion

212

What does civil religion attempt to do

Christianize secular social laws, instead of deriving laws from Christianity

213

What are the true laws truely

Christian laws

214

What are the "Christian" laws truely

secular laws

215

What is the role of the church in government

to challenge the government and be critical of the political system

216

What does civil religion due to the church's role

it takes it away

217

Why is civil religion a false religion

it is in contrast to the Kingdom of God

218

Is it Biblically wrong to let political and social realms define religion

yes

219

Was wallis and pre or post millenialist

pre-millenialist

220

Was Wallis hopeful that Christ would be in government, actively reforming it

no

221

What is an ideology

the way of life of a people, reflected in their collectively held beliefs and ideas concerning the nature of the ideal

222

What parts of a people fall under ideology

political system
economic order
social goals
moral values

223

For the most part, in last 200-400 years, Western though was based on what ideology

Classical Liberalism

224

What are the 6 major tenets of Classical Liberalism

1. A belief in individualism
2. A belief in private property
3. Society is based upon contracts and rules of law
4. A belief in freedom and liberty
5. A belief in equality
6. A belief that government ought to be Democratic

225

What is a belief in individualism

We think of humans primarily as individuals (Sarah, Kim) and not as a group (Heathens)

226

What is a belief in private property

Christians do, Native Americans didn't

227

What is a society is based upon contracts and rules of law

Individuals relate to one another in contracts and laws, this is the way we should organize our relationships

228

What is a belief in freedom and liberty

our ability to set goals and strive to reach them

229

What is a belief in equality

the same standards for everyone

230

What is a belief that the government ought to be Democratic

Democratic means the government is responsible for the people, a system in which the people have a say in the decisions that affect them

231

What is a major problem with civil religion

it is too easily manipulated to serve the needs of power

232

Where do most arguments occur between liberals and conservatives

between these 6 tenets, on what the mean, their relativity, and their importance

233

What are the 4 tenets of classical conservatism

1. think as a whole instead of individuals
2. no right to property
3. not democratic--kings word is final
4. sovereign has complete control

234

What was classical liberalism in a response to

classical conservatism ideology

235

Is modern the same as classical

no, they are very different

236

Who is the first example talking about of modern conservatism

Adam Smith

237

What did Adam Smith write

the Wealth of Nations

238

When did Adam Smith write the Wealth of Nations

1776

239

WHo/ what country is dominant in the world

England

240

In 1776, what events were occurring in the world

Height of the first Industrial Revolution
The Time of the AMerican Revolution
Steam Power
Declaration of Independence

241

THe height of the first industrial revolution was a movement away from what

agrarianism

242

What does a movement away from agrarianism result in

slowly moving towards industrialization and urbaninalization

243

What is the basic pattern of all societies

the division of labor

244

What are four themes of the Wealth of Nations

individualism
private property
weak government
man is motivated by self interest

245

How was economic efficiency attained through

the "invisible hand" that guides the economy
supply and demand
specialization
division of labor

246

What will occur naturally in a society

specialization

247

Why will specialization occur naturally in a society

people will want to do what they do best

248

Why do we want specializaiton in a nation

to not waste time and resources

249

Does Smith believe humans are inherently good or selfish

selfish

250

What are the goals and services that are wanted by everyone in a society

use resources efficiently
most goods and services produces
the invisible hand

251

What is the invisible hand idea

voluntary decisions come from individuals, not the government

252

What does Smith view government's role

small role, government does not need to provide goods and services because it will mess up society, government should just protect and enforce contracts

253

If government enforces trade and barter, what will occur

it will just result in waste of resources

254

How will government enforcing trade and barter waste resources

mess up the distribution of optimal goods and services
use resources for sovereigns good
must assume the Sovereign knows better than us andwe trust him (if he is to divide up resources)
government takes productive resources to use in unproductive activities

255

In what form does government take productive resources to use in unproductive activities

through taxes

256

Society according to Smith can function best how

if government has a limited role

257

If people had to perform jobs in which they had no interest or talents, what would occur

bad quality work, loss of products and money

258

In division of labor how would people get the things they need

they would barter

259

What is the problem that can occur with division of labor ideology

if someone stops trading with you, how could you get food and resources

260

What is going to occur with the nature of bartering

competition between individuals

261

What must occur to get the best mix of goods and services

focus on what we are good at and what our society needs

262

Do people barter altruistically

no

263

Is Smith saying we should have no government

no

264

Why does Smith say we need some government

we need protection

265

When dealing with social welfare, economic interests, government should have what size of role

small

266

What believe is Adam Smith

a utilitarian

267

What does Adam Smith as a utilitarian believe

there are ethics and ethical principles

268

Who is the second example of Modern Conservatism

Herbet Spencer

269

What did Herbert Spencer write

Adapt or Die

270

When did Herbert Spencer write Adapt or Die

late 1800s

271

What was occurring in the world during the late 1800s

Charles Darwin era
Civil War
2nd Industrial Revolution
Karl Marx (Communist Manifesto)
urbanilizaiton

272

What is survival of the fittest

strongest get to mate
best genes live
the weakest genes die

273

Adapting to your environment requires adapting to what two things

finding your niche (shelter and food)
attract a mate and succesfully reproduce

274

Biblically, what verse shows survival of the fittest

II Thesallonians 3:10

275

What does II Thesalonians 3:10 state

"If a man will not work. He shall not eat"

276

What view of government does Spencer have

a limited view

277

Why is it a limited view of government for SPencer

it is a waste of time and resources
limit governemnt, only the strong will survive, best for society

278

Why is allowing a government to step in wrong

it takes away from the adaption mechanism

279

What role should government not have according to Spencer

manage economy or train workers

280

What role should government have according to Spencer

defend and enforce contracts

281

What is the definition of Conservatism according to Neikerk regarding role of government

believe the governments in a society only serves to reduce incentives and hinder the operation of the market system. Big government causes more problems than it solves

282

Whenever government gets involved, what does it reduce

the incentives

283

What is a caviat

warning

284

Were Smith and Spencer making biblical arguments

not suggesting this

285

Rather than making biblical arguments, what did Smith and Spencer reflect

Biblical patterns

286

What are Smith's and Spencers arguments consistent with

Scripture

287

THe way Smith and Spencer reflected Biblical patterns is what form of use of the Bible

general revelation

288

Do Smith and Spencer start with Biblical arguments

no

289

Do Smith and Spencer end with Biblical support

yes

290

Did government set wages

no

291

Did government set private property and individualism

yes

292

In what ways/examples does the Bible show support that the government sets private property and individualism

rules about not stealing
rules about not moving boundary stones
rules about how the promise land should be divided among the israelites
Mosaic laws on borrowing

293

What Biblical scripture addresses that we are meant to work

Genesis 1 and 2 give the command to work

294

How does the Bible support Smith and Spencers view of involuntarily caring for others

gleaning laws in Bible times

295

Who commaned that there were gleaning laws

not the government

296

What were gleaning laws

poor can come eat after the harvest

297

What do gleaning laws show in regards to the government

government does not have a role in providing welfare

298

What does 1st Samuel 8 summary

where Israel wants a king like all the nations around them, and Samuel is commanded to say "that the Lord will not hear them in that day"

299

How does 1st Samuel 8 support Smith and Spencer

shows that the government will make you worse off and people are not assumed to be good

300

What is another chapter that shows the evils of the government

I Kings 21

301

What is 1 Kings 21 about

Navboth's vineyard

302

What is the story of Navboth's vineyard

laws say the vineyard could be given to another person only if you are destitute or in the same tribe. When Jezebel wanted Navboth's vineyard, she found two people who would swear against Navboth to put him to death

303

What parable in the bible shows the use of contracts

Matthew 20

304

What is the parable in Matthew 20

the parable of the landowner who goes out at different times of the day and makes contracts with people to be payed same despite working more or less

305

What does the Landowner parable relate to Smith and Spencer

people have a right to do with their own private property,
contracts between people

306

Who critiqued modern conservatism

Scott Monsma

307

When did Monsma critique conservatism

1974

308

What does Monsma say is a problem with individuals

common problems may never be solved

309

Ultimately what takes over since individuals doesn't work

small groups

310

Does Monsma believe people are inherently good

no

311

What attitude do people typically have

self serving

312

If government is weak, what does Monsma say is a problem

people with many resources will discriminate agaisnt the weak

313

Does everyone pursing their self interests lead to the common good according to Monsma

no

314

Do conservatives believe humans are goo

yes

315

Do conservatives have a standard of justice

no

316

Who is the first example of modern liberalism

T.H. Green

317

What did T.H. Green write

Liberal Legislation and Freedom of Contract

318

WHen did T.H. Green write Liberal legislation and Freedom of Contract

1881

319

What was occurring in 1881 events wise

2nd industrial revolution
Spencer was also writing

320

What is the goal of the people of the nation

to obtain freedom

321

Did Smith agree with Green on the goal

yes

322

What is Smith's definition of freedom

freedom from government doing bad things

323

What is Green's definition of freedom

freedom to develop our end to benefit society

324

To Smith where does property come from

labor of the individual

325

To Green, where does property come from

government as a collective

326

In the class example of carly cleaning Neikerks office, what would Smith and Spencer say about the contract

the contract is bad

327

Why would smith say the contract Carly is in is bad

it was a failure by her, as while it was involuntary, there were risks that were unthought of

328

What would Green say about the contract Carly is in

It is bad

329

Why would Green say the contract is bad

Slavery contracts are ot valued, she cannot contribute to the common good

330

What would Smith and Spencer say about the rental agreement

it is bad

331

Why would Smith and Spencer say the rental agreement is bad

insufficient adaptation leads to death, she failed to look at the risks of the apartment

332

What would Green say about the contract rentral agreement

it is bad

333

Why would Green say the rental agreement is bad

government should end this and void the agreement as this is not at Carly's best interest, she's not able to contribute to society

334

Green's view of freedom leads to what size of role for government

big

335

What is governments role according to green

to protect us from ourselves and bad contracts

336

When should government step in according to green

when things are outside the common good

337

Why does Green believe property came from government

everything we know comes from others helping us, and this help is rooted in society and government

338

Since society has provided us with something useful, what is the role of property

to be used for the common good

339

Does green believe humans are inherently good

no

340

What does green believe humans can be

improved through government and education

341

What is government ultimately responsible for

setting stipulations, society members have basic skills to develop to full potential

342

WHo is another liberal

Galbraith

343

What did Galbraith write

The politics of affluence

344

When did Galbraith write the Politics of Affluence

1968

345

What does Galbraith believe the government should provide

some level of good managment

346

Did Galbraith believe that Smith was right

no

347

Would Smith's idea work in the 20th century

no

348

What are the 2 problems that show Smith's idea wouldn't have worked in 20th century

economy
The Great Depression of 1930s

349

How does Smith's invisible hand not work because of the economy

there are big businesses that lead to the concentration of power

350

What is the concentration of power also known as

monopolies

351

What does large concentrations of power lead to

imperfect competition

352

According to Galbraith who controls prices

producers

353

Since producers control prices what do they acquire

power

354

What is the solution to the problem of economy

there is a countervailing power

355

What is a countervailing power

pushing back, against, off setting power

356

Where does countervailing power come from

the government

357

When should the government give countervailing power

when we get concentrations of economic power

358

What are some ways government is a countervailing power

rules against garnishing wages, compulsory education, child labor laws, minimum wage, unions

359

What is an antitrust law

if one company has too much power, government forces them to split

360

What is Neikerk's definition of Liberal

looks to government as a means of correcting the abuses and shortcomings of society through government programs of action

361

What is the definition of economics

the way in which resources are allocated among alternative uses to satisfy human wants

362

What are the two types of economics

microeconomics
macroeconomics

363

What is microeconomics

economonics deals with the particular business or industry

364

What is macroeconomics

economy of the nation as a whole

365

What is the Keynes Galbraith model of what led to the depression

demand decreased, fired people, reduced product, reduced buying power, decrease demand more

366

What causes the initial demand decrease

economic event

367

To turn around the Depression, what needed to occur

demand needed to go up

368

What is going to cause demand to go up

instead of waiting for a random accident, government is the only demand to boost things upward

369

WHat are ways government can increase demand

government buys surplus
pay unemployment and retrain him with work programs
cut taxes to everyone
give incentives to buy surplus

370

Why does Keynes say we should not look for long term implications

because we would all be dead

371

Why does the concept of the invisible hand not work with 20th century

no longer an even playing field

372

With the rise of big industry, we no longer have choice of what

free market

373

What is the solution to not having choice of free market

labor unions

374

However forming a union without government will end how

fired, killed, weak survive

375

How does the government allows countervailing power to work

allowing unions to form and act

376

When will the depression reach equilibrium

at 30% unemployment rate

377

What is a fiscal policy

increased demand by government running a deficit

378

What does inflation result in

pay for employee rises, cost of product increases, causes instability

379

What is instability in economics

wages and prices are always changing

380

In an unstable economy who always gets the bad deal

people on stable incomes

381

How can government fix an unstable economy

control wages and prices, raises taxes so people do not have much money

382

What do higher interest rates result in

people spending less

383

What does lower spending lead to

the government buying less surplus

384

The religious views developed during Dark Ages, laid out the foundations for what

the Renaissance and Reformation

385

In Dark ages, where did learning occur

monasteries

386

What did the missionary character emphasis allow

the transmission from one people to another in a continuous series of spiritual movements

387

Was religion ties to a specific government, structure, economic

no

388

What was the emphasis of the Western religion on

a book

389

What was this book being emphasized

the BIBLE

390

What did the Bible emphasize

reading and education in the developing society

391

Why does Dawson believe that we do not see the link between society and religion

we are engrained and enmeshed in it
history is so segregated/ we are too specialized

392

What did Berman write

The religious foundations of western law

393

When did Berman write

1985