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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (80)
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1

Direct/Procured Abortion

The deliberate and direct killing, by whatever means it is carried out, of a human being in the initial phase of his/her existence extending from conception to birth

2

Moral Object of Abortion

Type of murder (The direct/deliberate killing of innocents) in the womb

3

Intention of Abortion

"Deliberate"=Intrinsic evil so necessarily intend the act

4

Circumstances of Abortion

Consequence is death of an innocent and alive baby, in the womb (form conception to birth

5

Personhood is a

Philisophical question

6

Philosophy in relation to Theology

Philosophy is the handmaiden of theology

7

Moral question of abortion

How do we treat the human fetus?

Treat with the same dignity we treat other humans

8

If there is doubt in our conscience

Then we should err on the side of caution

9

Competance of Church

Faith and Morals

10

Is the embryo/fetus living?

Growing, reproducing, cells responding to stimulus, metabolism, adapt to the environment

11

Is the embryo/fetus a human life?

It has unique DNA

12

Is the embryo/fetus an individual Human life?

It has unique DNA

13

Unipotent Cells

"One Potential"

About 120 types

Can only produce cells of their own kind

14

Multipotent

"Many Potential"

Can produce into many different but not all cells

Adult stem cells can come from the spinal cord/liver

15

Pluripotent

Can produce all 120 types of cells

can come from embryos (3-5 days old)

Embryonic germ cells

16

Church's position on adult stem cells

Supportive of adult stem cell research

17

Principles

Help Moral theory to achieve its aims

18

Pluripotent cells

Induced pluripotent stem lells (iPS)

It is permissable to use iPS cells

19

Legitament Medical Procedure

Indirect Abortion

20

Goods

Knowledge

procreation

life

sociability

21

Principle of Double effect

Moral principle used when one action has one good effect and one bad effect

Used when promoting good of life and harming good of life

Tells you if an act is morally permissable

22

Four conditions of PDE

Object
Intention
Are you sure?
Circumstances

23

Object PDE

The object has to be morally good or at least neutral

24

Intention PDE

Can only be for the good effect

You can foresee the bad effect

25

Are you sure? PDE

Bad effect can not be the means (cause of) to the good effect

The good effect must occur at least as immediately as the bad effect

26

Circumstances PDE

The good effect must be at least as significant as the bad effect (must be proportionate)

27

Principles are not

Mathematical equations

You need moral judgement, prudence, a conscience formed by catholic teaching

28

Maternal Fetal Conflict

Conflict between the mother and the fetus

29

TOB 1

Human beings are made incomplete

We yearn to be in communion with other people

30

TOB 2

In order to find ourselves we have to give ourselves

31

TOB 3

Sexual intercourse in marriage is the most radical form of self giving

Only action where we can completely give ourselves to another person

32

TOB 4

"Language of the body"

With our bodies we say I give myself to you freely, totally, faithfully, fruitfully

33

How does God love?

Freely, totally, faithfully and fruitfully

34

Direct Contraception/sterilization

Every action which whether in anticipation of the conjugal act or in its accomplishment, or in its development of its natural consequences proposes, wher as an end or as a means to render procreation impossible

35

Intention of Contraception

Proposes to render procreation impossible

To render a fertile act infertile

36

Circumstances of Contraception

Anticipation, accomplishment, development of the conjugal act

37

Fertile Act

An act that is per se ordered towards procreation

38

Sex is ordered towards

Procreation

39

NFP

1)Have intercourse when woman is likely infertile (not bad)

2) Abstaining from intercourse during fertile times (not bad)

40

Responsible parenthood

Married couples have a duty to be responsible to their kids

41

Contraception in case of sexual assault

Can not intend to cause an abortion

Not freely chosen so you are preventing further violation

It is medically inappropriate to give contraception to a woman who is already pregnant

42

Indirect sterilization

Actions whose direct effect is the cure or alleviation of a present and serious pathology and a simpler treatment is not available

43

Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs)

Fertility treatments involving the handling of both the egg and the sperm

44

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection

Sperm is injected into the egg

45

Zygot intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)

Fertilized eggs are placed in the fallopian tubes

46

Gammete intrafallopian Transfer

Fertilization is done in the fallopian tube

Conception occurs within womans body

47

Artificial insemination

Only handle the sperm

Deposit sperm in womens reproductive tract

48

Infertility

The inability to conceive after 1 year of normal sexual intercourse

49

Homologous

Only the spouse's gametes

50

Heterologous

At least one donor (Includes surrogate mother)

51

ARTs that replace the conjugal act

IVF, ICSI, ZIFT

52

ARTs that are ambiguous

GIFT, AI (Homologous not heterologous)

53

Embryo Adoption

The church is ambiguous about whether it is morally permissible or not

"Intention is praiseworthy but problematic)

54

IVF is intrinsically problematic

It causes a complete separation of the conjugal act

55

Moral object of IVF

Complete seperation between procreation and the conjugal act

56

Embryo Adoption Physical action

Rescue

57

Embryo Adoption Moral Object

Heterologous violation of the conjugal act

58

NaPro

Intention is to diagnose and treat the cause of infertility

Medical and surgical approaches

59

Arguements against ARTs are based on

The nature of the acts

60

Arguement from Inseperability

ARTs Seperate the unitive and procreative demensions of the conjugal act

Undermine procreation as well

61

Exercise of Domination over the child

ARTs violate the rights of children (conceived through sexual intercourse, to know biological parents)

62

Conceived outside of the conjugal act

Not personal, violates the rights of the spouse (donor), violates marital vows

63

Fallible

Capable of making mistakes

64

Dissent

Public opposition to church teachings

65

Assent

Agreement to church teaching

66

Ethical Religious Directives for Catholic teaching

ERDs help with healthcare isseus that require professional healthcare help

67

Magisterium

CCC
Encyclicals
Congregation Doctrine of Faith

68

Grace

Undeserved help from god

69

Virtue

Good habits infused in our soul

Stable disposition for the good

70

Infused Virtue

Infusion to do good by the Holy Spirit

71

Prudence

The virtue that disposes practical reason to discern our true good in every circumstance and to choose the right means of achieving it

72

Proportionalism

Does not think that there is such a thing as intrinsic evil

(Implies you can have a physical action without spiritual consequences: Contradicts the unity of soul and body)

73

Values Contraception

Values=Unity of the couple, Ensure couple does not have a child when they can not support it

74

Disvalues of contraception

Seperates the procreative and unitive dimensions of the conjugal act

75

Hysterectomy

Surgery to remove a woman's uterus or owmb

76

pROM Induction With infection

Object=Saving the mothers life by induction

Intention=To save the life of the mother

Removal of membranes is what is the means not the death of the baby

It is proportionate

77

pROM With infection-D and E

Physical action=D and E
Object=Direct abortion

Intention=to save the mothers life and to kill the baby

78

Tubal ligation to reduce the risk of life threatening pregnancy

Physical Action=Bilateral Tubal Ligation
Moral Object=Direct Sterilization

Intention=To prevent future high risk pregnancies

Bad effect is the means, and the good effect is not as immediate

Proportionality=Good is not as proportional as the bad

79

IUD in order to treat severe menorrhagia causing menstrual bleeding

Physical Action=Placing IUD

Intention=For the good

The placing of the IUD, not infertility, is what controls the bleeding

Proportionality=Proportional (Present/serious)

80

Bilateral Salpingectomy in order to reduce risk of ovarian cancer

Physical Action=Bilateral Salpingectomy
Moral Object=Reducing the risk of ovarian cancer

Intention=To reduce the risk of cancer (Only for the good)

The good (preventing cancer) does occur as immediately as the bad (sterilization), and sterilization is not the means

The good (reducing the risk of pregnancy) is proportionate to the bad (sterilization) (Debated)