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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (83)
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1

What is not one of the ways neural communication differs from hormonal communication?

The need of receptors for the communication to work

2

Which of the following hormones is lipid soluble?

Steroid hormone

3

Which hormone affects the way DNA is transcribed thus exerting its effect through modifying proteins?

Steroid hormone

4

An autocrine response is one in which the negative feedback is provided by?

Second messengers in the blood

5

Compared to neurotransmitters, hormone effects are generally__________.

More widespread in the body

6

Which of the following observations provides evidence for the effect of steroids on gene transcription?

Body builders that take testosterone have increased growth of muscle cells.

7

After a meal, glucose from the food enters the bloodstream causing insulin to be released from the ___________?

Pancreas

8

_____________ hormones are released from the hypothalamus to control the pituitary glands release of _________ hormones.

Releasing, Tropic

9

A hormone normally only found in males is ___________.

none of the above

10

The ability of allopreganolone to modulate the activity of GABA receptors is an example of ______________.

Nongenomic steroid action

11

Which hormone is responsible for contractions during childbirth?

Oxytocin

12

Vasopressin is released by the ___________.

Posterior pituitary

13

Melatonin is released almost exclusively ____________.

at night

14

This hormone stimulates the sperm production.

Follicle stimulating hormone

15

The structure located between the hypothalamus and anterior pituitary is ___________.

Median eminence

16

As a result of his e experiments with roosters, Berthold concluded that _____________

The testes release a chemical in the blood

17

The stress hormone cortisol originates where?

Adrenal cortex

18

A goiter forms due to a __________ deficiency.

Iodine

19

Which of the following is a possible effect of taking supplemental testosterone?

Aggressive or manic behavior

20

Which of the following technique could be used to determine whether the receptors of a particular hormone are located in a specific type of cell?

Both A and C

21

An essential feature of tropic hormones is that they ___________

Affect the secretion of other endocrine glands

22

Which of the following is secreted mosty during sleep?

growth hormone

23

Which of the following skin receptors are especially sensitive to stretching the skin?

Ruffinis Endings

24

What has been used to explain how the brain differentiates information from different receptors/sensors?

Labeled lines

25

___________ is where the frequency of firing of a single cell provides information about strength of a stimulus.

coding

26

The relay station that most senses pass through __________

thalamus

27

This structure/ area receives touch sensory information from both sides of the body

Secondary somatosensory cortex

28

This fast adapting touch sensor is important for detecting vibrations _____________

Pacing corpuscles

29

Cortical neurons that respond to information in more than one sensory modality are known as________

Polymodal cells

30

What percent of the general population has some form of synesthesia?

1-4 %