Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (83)
What is not one of the ways neural communication differs from hormonal communication?
The need of receptors for the communication to work
Which of the following hormones is lipid soluble?
Which hormone affects the way DNA is transcribed thus exerting its effect through modifying proteins?
An autocrine response is one in which the negative feedback is provided by?
Second messengers in the blood
Compared to neurotransmitters, hormone effects are generally__________.
More widespread in the body
Which of the following observations provides evidence for the effect of steroids on gene transcription?
Body builders that take testosterone have increased growth of muscle cells.
After a meal, glucose from the food enters the bloodstream causing insulin to be released from the ___________?
_____________ hormones are released from the hypothalamus to control the pituitary glands release of _________ hormones.
A hormone normally only found in males is ___________.
none of the above
The ability of allopreganolone to modulate the activity of GABA receptors is an example of ______________.
Nongenomic steroid action
Which hormone is responsible for contractions during childbirth?
Vasopressin is released by the ___________.
Melatonin is released almost exclusively ____________.
This hormone stimulates the sperm production.
Follicle stimulating hormone
The structure located between the hypothalamus and anterior pituitary is ___________.
As a result of his e experiments with roosters, Berthold concluded that _____________
The testes release a chemical in the blood
The stress hormone cortisol originates where?
A goiter forms due to a __________ deficiency.
Which of the following is a possible effect of taking supplemental testosterone?
Aggressive or manic behavior
Which of the following technique could be used to determine whether the receptors of a particular hormone are located in a specific type of cell?
Both A and C
An essential feature of tropic hormones is that they ___________
Affect the secretion of other endocrine glands
Which of the following is secreted mosty during sleep?
Which of the following skin receptors are especially sensitive to stretching the skin?
What has been used to explain how the brain differentiates information from different receptors/sensors?
___________ is where the frequency of firing of a single cell provides information about strength of a stimulus.
The relay station that most senses pass through __________
This structure/ area receives touch sensory information from both sides of the body
Secondary somatosensory cortex
This fast adapting touch sensor is important for detecting vibrations _____________
Cortical neurons that respond to information in more than one sensory modality are known as________