Test 2- Lab Tests Flashcards Preview

UA > Test 2- Lab Tests > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 2- Lab Tests Deck (50):
1

What does presence of BJ proteins mean?

abnormal plasma cell growth
-multiple myeloma associated with this

2

__ is found pathologically in ovarian cancers

HcG
-produced by placenta or malignant tumors

3

Low levels HcG indicate..

miscairrage, death, ectopic preganancy
-also used to screen for down's syndrome

4

Stage 1 Schilling's Test (for B12)

Low in food/diet--> megaloblastic anemia

5

Stage 2 Schilling's Test (for B12)

Low intrinsic factor--> Pernicious Anemia

6

Stage 3 Schilling's test

Abnormal bacteria --> low B12 absorption in small intestine --> Celiac/Crohn's

7

Stage 4 Schilling's Test

Low B12 absorption due to pancreas problem --> Pancreatitis/ Malabsorption syndrome

8

Marijuana time in system

7-10 days

9

Cocaine time in system

1-4 hrs to 2-5 days

10

Amphetamines time in system

1-2 days

11

Morphine and alkaloids time in system

2-3 days

12

Alcohol time in system

6-24 hrs

13

Steroids time in system

3-30 days

14

Normal uric acid amount

250-270 mg/24 hrs

15

Creatinine normal value

500-2400 mg/day

16

Normal creatinine for men

107-139 mL/min

17

normal creatinine for women

87-107 mL/min

18

Normal BUN

6-20 mg/dL in blood

19

Prostate has 100X more __ __ than any other tissue

acid phosphase

20

increased serum levels of acid phosphatase can help Dx __ cancer that has metastasized to __

prostate
bone

21

Normal PSA ranges by age

70 y/o:

22

alanin aminotransferase increases most with __ damage, can also increase with __ __ __

liver
congestive heart failure

23

Gamma glutamyl transpeptidase is found mainly in __. Increased levels may indicate...

liver
liver disease, biliary disorder, 1-2 weeks post MI, pancreatitis

24

Alkaline phosphatase normally increasew with

growing children
pregnant women
bone healing

25

Lactate dehydrogenase exists in __ isoenzyme forms. Increases in response to __ damage

5
cell

26

Cardiac __ are usually so low they cant be detected in blood tests

tyononin

27

Types of Creatine Phosphokinase and where thye are found

CPK 1 (CPK-BB) - brain and lungs (cancer/injury)
CPK 2 (CPK MB)- Heart (from Mi)
CPk 3 (CPK-MM)- Skeletal Muscle (Injury or stress)

28

Normal amounts of myoglobin

0-85 ng/mL

29

Blood Proteins Percentages

Albumins 55%
Globulins 38%
Fibrinogen 7%

30

All blood proteins are synthesized in the liver except __ __ which are synthesized in __ __

gamma globulins
lynph nodes

31

Normal range for albumins

3.5-5 g/dL

32

Normal range for Globulins

2-2.5 g/dL

33

Normal albumin to globulin ratio

1.4

34

Normal fibrinogen range

0.2-.45 g/dL

35

Causes for decrease of total blood protein

Glomerulonephritis
Liver diseases
protein malnutrition
malabsorption syndrome

36

Normal fasting blood glucose

70-100 mg/dL

37

Normal random glucose

usually

38

decreased amylase may mean..

cancer or damage of pancreas

39

lipase is released by pancreas and helps body absorb __. Used to check disease of pancreas, usually __ __.

fat
acute pancreatitis

40

Normal LDL

41

Normal HDL

>40-60 mg/dL

42

Normal Total cholesterol

160-200 mg/dL

43

Normal TG

10-150 mg/dL

44

Normal VLDL

2-30 mg/dL

45

Optimal LDL/HDL ratio

3.5:1

46

Antinuclear antibodies: produced by __ __. attack bodys own tissues.

immune system
*usually NOT detectable in blood

47

Anti-DNA antibodies are highly diagnostic of..

systemic lupus

48

C reactive Protein: + test means __. Used to determine risk for __ __

inflammation
herat disease

49

Rheumatoid factor: autoantibody against __ portion of IgG

fc

50

Prothrombin test: measures how long __ takes to __.

blood
clot
*check for bleeding disorders, clotting factors, liver damage, vit k status