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Flashcards in Test 2a Deck (24)
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1

cachetic

severely underweight with muscle wasting

2

anergia

lack of energy

3

anhedonia

an inability to find meaning or pleasure in existence

4

The Stress-Diathesis Model of Depression

life events may influence the development and recurrence of depression through the psychological and biological experience of stress in some people, which results in changes in the connections among nerve cells in the breain

5

Beck's cognitive triad

Negative thoughts that are responsible for the dev of depression 1. negative, self-depreciating view of self 2. pessimistic view of the world 3. belief that negative reinforcement will continue

6

Goal of CBT for Depression

to change the way a pt thinks, which will in turn help relieve the depressive syndrome

7

psychosis

total inability to recognize reality

8

delusions

profoundly believing in ideas with no basis in facts

9

halluciniations

experiencing sensory perceptions that are not based in reality (i.e. hearing voices)

10

concrete thinking

overemphasis on specific details and impairment in the ability to use abstract concepts

11

assoicative looseness

thinking becomes haphazard, illogical, and confused

12

neologisms

made-up words that have special meaning for the person

13

echolalia

pathological repeating of another's words by imitation (seen w/ catatonia)

14

echopraxia

mimicking the movements of another (seen in catatonia)

15

clang association

meaningless rhyming of words

16

waxy flexibility

excessive maintenance of posture (seen in catatonia)

17

stupor

state in which the catatonic pt is motionless for long periods and may even appear to be in a coma

18

avolution

lack of motivation

19

catatonia

extreme abnormal motor behavior

20

ideas of reference

interprets messages of others or gives private meaning to the communications of others

21

neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS)

occurs in les than 1% of pts who have taken antipsychotic agents. Characterized by dec LOC, increased muscle tone, hyperpyrexia, labile hypertension, tachycardia, tachypnoea, diaphoresis, and drooling

22

postvention

interventions for the family and friends of a person who has committed suicide. It should be initiated w/n 24-48 hours after the death

23

SSRIs

Citalopram (celexa)
Excitalopram (lexapro)
Fluoxetine (prozac)
Fluvoxamine (luvox)
Paroxitine (Paxil)
Sertraline (zoloft)

24

Atypical Antidepressants

Mirtazapine (Rameron)
Bupropion (Wellbutrin)
Nefazodone (Serzone)
Buspirone (BuSpar)