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Flashcards in HESI Deck (42)
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1

Denial

Unconscious failure to acknowledge and event, thought, or feeling that is too painful for conscious awareness

2

Displacement

transference of feelings to another person or object

3

Intellectualization

using reason to avoid emotional conflicts

4

Introjection

incorporation of values or qualities of an admired person or group not one's own ego structure

5

Isolation

separation of an unacceptable feeling, idea, or impulse from one's thought process

6

Passive-agression

indirectly expressing aggression toward others; a facade of overt compliance masks overt resentment

7

Projection

attributing one's own thought or impulses to another person

8

rationalization

offering an acceptable, logical explanation to make unacceptable feelings and behavior acceptable

9

Reaction formation

development of conscious attitudes and behaviors that re the opposite of what is really felt

10

regression

reverting to an earlier level of development when anxious or highly stressed

11

repression

the involuntary exclusion of a painful thought or memory from awareness

12

sublimation

substitution of an unacceptable feeling by a more socially acceptable one

13

suppression

the intentional exclusion of feelings or ideas

14

undoing

communication or behavior done to negate a previously unacceptable act

15

What is somatization disorder?

recurrent somatic complaints for which frequent medical attention is sought but no medical pathology is present

16

What is hypochondriasis?

belief in and fear of having a disease, including the misinterpretation of physical signs and :proof" of the presence of the disease

17

What is conversion disorder?

transferring a mental conflict into a physical symptom for which there is no organic cause

18

Tricyclics

end in -ptyline, -pramine
has anticholinergic effects
can be lethal in overdose

19

What are anticholinergic effects?

- dry mouth
- blurred vision
- constipation
- urinary retention

20

MAOIs

Isocarboxazid (Marplan), Nardil, Parnate
- Hypertensive Crisis
- Canot have foods with high thymine levels

21

What is hypertensive crisis?

- severe hypertension
- severe HA
- chest pain
- fever
- sweating
- nausea and vomiting

22

SSRIS

Fluoxetine (Prozac), Paroxetine (Paxil), Sertraline (Zoloft), Citralopram (Celexa)
- drowsiness
- dizziness, light-headedness
- HA
- insomnia
- depressed appetitie

23

Escitalopram (Lexapro)
Vilazodone (Vibrryd)

SSRIs
- serotonin syndrome
- sexual dysfunction
- weight gain

24

What are the signs of serotonin syndrome?

- rapid onset of altered mental states
- agitation
- involuntary twitching of a muscle
- hyperreflexia
- fever
- shivering, diaphoresis
- ataxia
- diarrhea

25

Atypical Antidepressants

Trazodone
- nausea
- dry mouth
- insomnia
- HA
- fatigue
- depressed appetite

26

S/NRIs

Duloxetine (Cymbalta), Venlafaxine (Effexor), Desvenlafaxine (Pristique)
- nausea
- dry mouth
- insomnia
- HA
- fatigue
- depressed appetite
- increased sweating

27

NDRIs

Bupropion (Wellbutrin, Zyban) and Mirtazapine (Remeron)
- insomnia, tremor, anorexia, weight loss, and dry mouth
- sleep disturbances, poor appetite, sexual dysfunction, and sedation

Lowers seizure threshold

28

acrophobia

fear of heights

29

agoraphobia

fear of crowds or open places

30

claustrophobia

fear of closed-in places