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Flashcards in Test 2b Deck (42)
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1

confabulation

the making up of stories or answers to maintain self-esteem when the person does not remember

2

perseveration

reputation of phrases or behavior (intensified during stress)

3

What are the 4 As of cognitive impairment

1. amnesia
2. aphasia
3. apraxia
4. agnosia

4

agnosia

loss of sensory ability to recognize objects (knowing)

5

aphasia

loss of language ability (might forget names, finding the right word => babbling or mutism)

6

apraxia

loss of purposeful movement in the absence of motor or sensory impairment

7

What are the 4 stages of alzheimer's disease?

1. Mild: Forgetfullness
2. Moderate: Confusion
3. Moderate to Severe: Ambulatory Dementia
4. Late: End Stage

8

agraphia

inability to read or write

9

hyperolality

the need to taste, chew, and put everything in one's mouth

10

hypermetamophosis

manifested by touching of everything in sight

11

cognition

operation of the mind that includes "the mental faculty of knowing, perceiving, recognizing, conceiving, judging, reasoning, and imagning

12

What is the basic difference between delirium and dementia?

Delirium is acute and reversible; dementia is gradual and permanent

13

delirium

develops quickly and usually fluctuates in intensity, which represents a change from the individual's normal attention and awareness

14

dementia

impairment in memory w/o impairment in consciousness

15

sundown syndrome

symptoms and problem behaviors become more pronounced in the evening

16

illusions

errors in perception of sensory stimuli

17

hallucinations

false sensory stimuli

18

hypervigilance

extraordinarily alert and their eyes constantly scan the room

19

addicition/dependence

habitual psychological and physiological dependence on the substance or practice beyond one's voluntary control

20

tolerance

adaptation to the substance with gradual increasing amounts of the substance needed to reproduce original effects with lessor amounts of the substance

21

What are the 3 Cs

1. CRAVING (compulsive use)
2. CONTINUED use
3. loss of CONTROL

22

temperament

the style of behavior habitually used to cope with demands of the environment. It can be modified by the parent-infant relationship

23

agraphia

inability to read or write

24

hyperorality

the need to taste, chew, and put everything in one's mouth

25

hypermetamorphosis

manifested by touching everything in sight

26

abuse

habitual use of a substance that falls outside of medical necessity or social acceptance, with the single purpose of altering one's mood, emotion, or state of consciousness- resulting in an adverse affect to the abuser and/or others

27

addiction/dependence

habitual psychological and physiological dependence on the substance or practice beyond one's voluntary control

28

tolerance

adaption to the substance with gradual increasing amounts of the substance needed to reproduce original effects with lessor amounts of the substance

29

withdrawal

stopping or reducing use results in specific PHYSICAL and.or PSYCHOLOGICAL signs and symptoms

30

amotivational syndrome

(can be caused by marijuana) characterized by apathy, loss of achievement motivation, decrease productivity, difficulty with learning and memory, impaired concentration, lack of personal hygiene, and preoccupation with the drug