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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (41)
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1

Communication

Exchange of ideas, info, thoughts, feelings
Does not require verbal speech or Lang

2

Other ways of communication besides verbal

Gestures
Posture
Eye contact
Facial expressions
Head/body movement

3

Speech

Vocal production made by humans and involves central nervous system

4

What does the central nervous system for speech involve

Brain
Spinal cord
Peripheral vision

5

What is speech dependent on

Respiration
Phonation
Articulation

6

Language

A system of symbols and codes that are agreed upon by a group of individuals that enable them to communicate with each other

7

Three aspects of language

Form & applicstion
Content intent
Function

8

Elements of the aspects of language

Phonology
Morphology
Syntax
Content
Function

9

Phonology

Rule governing sound system of language

10

Morphology

Units of meaning are combined into words

11

Syntax

Arrangement of words

12

Content

Lang usage to convey meaning

13

Function

How Lang is used

14

ASHA

American speech language hearing association

15

Speech disorders

Interfere with ability to communicate

16

Aphasia

loss of ability to understand or express speech

17

Fluency disorder

Interruption in the flow of speaking characterized by a typical rate and rhythm and repetitions in sounds syllables words and phrases

18

Physical impairment

Neuromotor impairments and muscular/skeletal conditions

19

Orthopedic impairment

Severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects child's edu

20

Types of orthopedic impairment

Congenital anomaly like club foot

And others like cerebral palsy amputations and burns

21

Multiple sclerosis

A disease in which the immune system eats away at the protective covering of nerves.

22

Epilepsy

Causes seizures

23

Cerebral palsy

Involuntary abnormal motor movements

24

Muscular dystrophy

Muscle weakness. Degeneration of muscle fiber
Life expectancy into early 20s

25

STORCH infections

Syphillis, toxoplasmosis, other, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes

26

Two categories of hearing loss

Conductive and sensorineural

27

Conductive

Blockage/barrier of sound through outer or middle ear

28

Sensorineural

Inner ear/auditory nerve disorder

29

Measure hearing by

Frequency and intensity

30

Intensity is measured with

Decibels

31

Frequency is measured with

Hertz

32

Pre/post lingual hearing losses

Pre- present at birth

Post- during time of development of speech and language

33

Congenital v adventitious blindness

C: born blind
A: happens sometime later

34

How many legally blind people

2200

35

Field of vision

20

36

Low vision v blindness

Low- visual and tactile experiences
Legally- tactile and auditory experiences
Totally- total dependence on tactile and auditory skills

37

Hoover cane

Blind people cane they tap around

38

Warning signs of visual impairments

Affected educational performance

39

Orientation and mobility

O- being aware of where you are
M- moving place to place

40

Warning signs of visual impairment

Affected educational performance

41

Cataracts

Lenses that are opaque or cloudy due to trauma or age