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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (59)
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1

____________ in music refers to a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition.

Movement

2

____________ sequence refers to the successive repetition of a musical idea at higher or lower pitches.

Melodic

3

Members of the Camerata wanted to create a new vocal style based on the music of the ______________.

Ancient Greek tragedies

4

________________ received the highest fees of any musicians.
combined the lung power of a man with the vocal range of a woman.
were male singers who had been castrated before puberty.

Castrati

5

A popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking the strings was the _____________.

Clavichord

6

The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and _____________.

Johann Sebastian Bach.

7

A bass part together with numbers that specify the chords to be played above it is called ______________.

Figured bass

8

The text, or book, of a musical dramatic work is called the ____________.

Libretto

9

The orchestra evolved during the baroque period into a performing group based on instruments of the ____________ family.

Violin

10

A large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative biblical text, is called a(n) _____________.

Oratorio

11

Bach was recognized as the most eminent ____________ of his day.

Organist

12

The ____________ is a Lutheran congregational hymn tune.

Chorale

13

A sung piece, or choral work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment, is the
___________.

Cantata

14

The ____________ is the person who beats time, indicates expression, cues in musicians, and controls the balance among instruments and voices.

Conductor

15

The first oratorios were based on ____________.

Stories from the Bible

16

The position of the composer during the baroque period was that of ______________.

a high-class servant with few personal rights.

17

In the myth of Orpheus, Orpheus goes to Hades in the hope of bringing ____________ back to life.

Eurydice

18

The compelling drive and energy in baroque music are usually provided by _______________.

repeating rhythmic patterns

19

Of Bach's twenty children, ____________ went on to become well-known composers.

Four

20

Bach created masterpieces in every baroque form except
___________.

Opera

21

A large court during the baroque period might employ about ____________ performers.

80

22

The large group of players in a concerto grosso is known as the _____________.

Tutti

23

The word baroque has at various times meant all of the following except ___________.

Naturalistic

24

The main keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the organ and the ____________.

Harpsichord

25

Baroque trio sonatas usually involve ____________ performers.

Four

26

The earliest opera that has been preserved is Jacopo Peri's ___________.

Euridice

27

Handel spent the major portion of his life in
____________.

England

28

A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called a/an ____________.

Aria

29

Handel's Messiah is an example of an _____________.

Oratorio

30

__________ differs from opera in that it has no acting, scenery, or costumes.

Oratorio