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Flashcards in Test 5 Deck (50)
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1

The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer's own homeland is known as ___________.

nationalism

2

Which of the following is not characteristic of romanticism?
An interest in exoticism and the past
An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures
A fascination with fantasy
An enthusiasm for the culture of the Middle Ages

An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures

3

Nonprogram music is also known as _____________ music.

Absolute

4

Today's movie scores may be regarded as examples of ___________.

Incidental music

5

Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years ______________.

1820-1900

6

A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the ____________.

piano

7

Music intended to be performed before and during a play to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action is known as ___________.

incidental music

8

Chopin's Revolutionary Étude develops the pianist's ____________ because the left hand must play rapid passages throughout.

Left hand

9

A ____________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.

program symphony

10

The ________________ reflects Berlioz's love for the actress Harriet Smithson.

Fantastic Symphony

11

The fourth movement of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony depicts a march to the ____________.

Scaffold

12

Because of the French Revolution and the __________________, many aristocrats could no longer afford to maintain private opera houses, orchestras, and "composers in residence".

Napoleonic Wars

13

The librettos to The Ring of the Nibelung were written by______________.

Richard Wagner

14

_________________.began to study music theory at the age of twenty-one.

Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

15

When music conservatories were founded, __________
were at first accepted only as students of performance, but by the late 1800s could study musical composition.

Women

16

The contrasting episodes of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the______________.

idée fixe.

17

Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of _________________.

Johann Sebastian Bach.

18

Altering the character of a melody by changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm is a romantic technique known as ______________.

thematic transformation.

19

Liszt created the ______________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.

symphonic poem

20

Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi's operas because they seemed to condone ___________, ______________ and ____________.

Rape, suicide, free love

21

A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and nighttime, is the _______________.

nocturne.

22

Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as ______________.

exoticism.

23

Until the age of thirty-six, Franz Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso ___________.

pianist

24

Wagner's preeminence was such that an opera house of his own design was built in _________________, solely for performances of his music dramas.

Bayreuth, Germany

25

In the ____________ movement of Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin, the cadenzaappears at the end of the development section as a transition to the recapitulation.

First

26

The form of The Erlking is _____________.

Through- composed

27

The composer who had an overwhelming influence on the young Wagner was ____________.

Ludwig van Beethoven.

28

The German master _____________ recommended Dvořák's music to his own publisher, resulting in a rapid spread of Dvořák's fame.

Johannes Brahms

29

Schubert was ___________ years old when he composed the song Erlkönig, set to a poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

eighteen

30

A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as _____________.

rubato