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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (17):
1

single leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD)

Diabetic Nephropathy

2

In this disease Chronic hyperglycemic causes progressive damage to the glomerular basement membranes of the kidneys

Diabetic Nephropathy

3

When Diabetic Neuropathy progresses to the point where the patient cannot feel injuries to their distal joints.

Charcot's joints

4

accounts for the majority of diabetic deaths

CHD / Cerebrovascular Disease / PVD or strokes

5

This term refers to a pattern of high morning sugars preceded by an episode of hypoglycemia.

Somogyi Effect

6

Characterized by reduced tissue sensitivity to insulin developing between 5:00-8:00 AM. This phenomenon is thought to be evoked by GH and/or cortisol secretion.

Dawn Phenomenon

7

Meds that Stimulate the pancreas to make more endogenous insulin

• Sulfonylureas (SUs)
• Meglitinides
• GLP-1 mimetics
• DPP-4 inhibitors

8

Meds that Increase tissue sensitivity to circulating insulin

• Biguanides (Metformin)
• Thiazolidinediones (Glitazones)

9

Meds that Get Glucose Out Of the Body (GOOB)

Via the intestine, AGIs
Via the kidneys, SGLT-2 inhibitor

10

Failure of the testes to descend results in

cryptorchidism

11

Exchange of heat occurs between blood vessels keeping the testes cool

Pampiniform plexus

12

Each spermatogonium undergoes a series of mitotic and meiotic divisions that ultimately results in_____ spermatozoa.

16

13

Secretes a fluid rich in citrate, calcium and enzymes; slightly alkaline

Prostate Gland

14

Secrete a fluid rich in citrate, prostaglandins, fructose & HCO3-

Seminal Vesicles

15

Secrete a fluid rich in mucus & HCO3-

Bulbourethral Glands (Cowper’s glands)

16

This is a process in which inhibitory factors in the seminal fluid are washed free, cholesterol is withdrawn from the sperm membrane, and surface proteins are redistributed.

capacitation

17

Small granules in the ovum release Ca++ into the cortical space -- this does two things: it makes the zona pellucida "hard" & it inactivates the zona pellucida receptors

cortical granule reaction