Test 3 - Ch. 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 3 - Ch. 11 Deck (59):
1

Who came up with the Psychoanalytic theory?

Sigmund Freud

2

Sigmund Freud believed:

the structure of an individual's personality is most influenced by the first 6 years of life.

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Three levels of consciousness

- conscious
- preconscious
- unconscious

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with ____, a thought is remembered easily

preconscious

5

with ____, memories are hard to recall

unconscious

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Three personality forces

- id
- ego
- superego

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- most primitive part of the three personality forces
- operates on the pleasure principle

id

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wanting immediate satisfaction of drives for pleasure

pleasure principle

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- emerges during the first year of life

ego

10

- begins to develop around 2-3 years

superego

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- protects a person and helps them relate to the real world

ego

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- opposes desires of id by enforcing moral restrictions and striving to attain a goal of perfection

superego

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- equivalent to what we call conscience

superego

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- operates on the reality principle

ego

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- tries to find a safe, realistic way to meet the id's need

ego

16

defense mechanisms

unconscious (or preconscious) ways to combat anxiety through the distortion of reality

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repression

actively forgetting painful memories

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regression

retreat to behavior of earlier stage of development

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projection

unknowingly projecting one's unacceptable thoughts or motives to another person

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displacement

venting one's feelings on an innocent person/object rather than the one involved

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personality: undoing

trying to make up for something done or thought that was unacceptable

22

libido

- instictual energy that has a strong sexual component

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who came up with "libido"?

Freud

24

from this belief Freud proposed psychosexual stages of development

libido

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list the psychosexual stages of development

oral
anal
phallic
latency
genital

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libido: psychosexual stages of development: oral

- 1st year of life
- emphasis on oral

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libido: psychosexual stages of development: anal

- 2nd year
- emphasis on elimination

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libid psychosexual stages of development: phalic

- 3-6 yrs
- controversial stage
- children having sexual feelings for opposite-sex parent

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libido: Oedipus complex

boys having sexual feelings for the opposite sex parent

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libido: Electra complex

girls having sexual feelings for the opposite sex parent

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libido: latency

- 6-11 yrs
- sexual feelings are repressed
- emphasis on SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING

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libid psychosexual stages of development: genital

- begins: 11/12 yrs old
- emphasis on identification with one's own sex and capacity for heterosexual love and commitment

33

Libinal energy can become ___ at a certain stage if a person experienced disagreeable experiences

fixated

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- seeking to reveal and interpret contents of unconscious mind

psychoanalysis

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___ come up with psychoanalysis

Freud

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Freud used ___ ___ and ___ ____ to reveal and interpret contents of the unconscious mind

free association; dream interpretation

37

seeking to understand themes in relationships and unconscious motives?

- psychodynamic therapy

38

Freud's contributions to psychology

- stressed importance of childhood to later development
- gave us concept of defense mechanisms
- influenced other psychologists who developed their own theories

39

neo-freudians: list them

- Jung
- Horney
- Adler
- Erikson

40

neo-freudians: Jung

- proposed idea of collective unconscious inherited from humanitiy's ancestors and a personal unonscious
- proposed the personality orientations of introvert and extrovert

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neo-freudians: Jung: personality orientations: introvert

- quiet
- reserved
- energizes from time spent alone

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neo-freudians: Jung: personality orientations: extrovert

- outgoing
- energizes from time spent with other people

43

neo-freudians: Horney

- proposed basic anxiety: maladaptive ways of dealing with anxiety are dependency, aggression, or withdrawal

44

neo-freudians: Adler

- founded school of individual psychology
- believed that the inability to overcome a childhood sense of incompleteness results in an EDUCATION complex

45

Social cognitive (learning) theory: ___ and ____

observation; modeling

46

who came up with the social cognitive learning theory?

- bandura

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Social cognitive (learning) theory: reciprocal determinism

process where cognitions, behavior, and the environment mutually influence each othe

48

humanistic psychology

psoiitive qualities and need for personal growth and fulfillment

49

who came up with humanistic psychology?

- maslow and rogers

50

humanistic psychology: reflective listening

therapist should have genuineness, empathy, and unconditional positive regard

51

projective assessment techniques

- based on PROJECTIVE HYPOTHESIS

52

projective assessment techniques: projective hypothesis

if a person presents a neutral, unstructured, ambiguous stimulus to an individual, that person will prpject part of his or her personality into the response

53

list 2 projective assessment techniques

- rorschach inkblot technique
- thematic apperception test (TAT)

54

list 2 projective assessment techniques: rorschach inkblot technique

- 10 cards with inkblots on them

55

list 2 projective assessment techniques: thematic apperception test (TAT)

- contains ambiguous pictures where person is asked to tell a story about each picture
- the story talks about what is happening, what led up to the event, how the characters are feeling, and the outcome
- the examiner looks for recurring themes in the responses to the Rorschach and TATA, as well as twho the person is identifying with

56

shortcomings of projective tests

- interpreter bias
- problems with validity and reliability

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objective assessment techniques (2 of them)

- Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2)
- Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

58

objective assessment techniques: (MMPI-2)

- not a projective technique
- considered to be valid and reliable
- assists in developing a clinical diagnosis and personality descripption
- used to predict prison adjustment, alcoholism, and acute depression
- very useful in predicting suitable candidates for psychotherapy

59

objective assessment techniques: myers briggs

- based on jung's theory of personality