Test 4 (CH 9(B)) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 4 (CH 9(B)) Deck (28):
1

health psychology

- branch of psychology that deals with how people stay healthy, why they become ill, and how they react when they become ill
- focuses attention on the mind, the body, and the way disease affects people's mental healthy

2

Approximately ___ of deaths before the age of 65 could be prevented if people took better care of their health

50%

3

a pattern of disruptive physiological and psychological reactions to events that threaten a person's ability to cope

stress

4

sources of stress

- conflict
- frustration
threats to one's self-esteem (humiliation)
- stressful events
- occupations, compassion fatigue, traumatic events, vicarious traumatization, poverty, new/different culture, and daily hassles

5

4 ways of coping with conflict

- approach-approach
- approach-avoicance
- avoidance-avoidance
- double approach-avoidance

6

making a choice between 2 equally-attractive alternatives, such as deciding which of 2 good job offers to accept

approach-approach (choice of coping with conflict)

7

a single goal that has both positive and negative consequences

approach-avoidance

8

example of approach-avoidance

- marriage
- new job

9

choosing between 2 negative outcomes, such as a baseball player caught between bases, or deciding whether to endure the pain of a toothache or go to the dentist

avoidance-avoidance

10

choosing between alternatives that contain both positive and negative consequences

- double approach-avoidance

11

choosing between alternatives that contain both positive and negative consequences

- double approach-avoidance

12

example of double approach-avoidance

- deciding whether to take a part-time job that pays well but has poor hours, or a job that has good hours but poor pay

13

occurs when one is unable to satisfy a motive

frustration

14

5 sources of frustration

- delays
- lack of resources
- loss
- failure
- meaninglessness

15

3 reactions to frustration

- fight response
- flight response
- compromise

16

flight response to frustration

- taking aggressive actions

17

flight response to frustration

- withdrawal

18

compromise (response to frustration)

making a deal with the situation

19

Social readjustment rating scale

- student stress scale is an adaptation of it
- measures the amount of stress in a person's life

20

stressful events require

- positive and negative events often require stressful adjustments in patterns of living

21

_____ ____ can develop if a person believes they can't handle or control events

- learned helplessness

22

a reaction pattern to stress

Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome

23

3 stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome

- alarm
- resistance
- exhaustion

24

alarm stage of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome

- body mobilizes its resources to cope with a stressor

25

resistance stage of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome

- body adapts and uses resources to cope with a stressor

26

exhaustion stage of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome

- body depletes its resources

27

prolonged stress can lead to ____ ____

- psychosymatic illnesses

28

psychosymatic illnesses

- stress-linked disorders