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Flashcards in test 8 Deck (21)
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1

coriander

coriandrum sativum

1. seed?

2. linallol, volatile oil

3. antispasmodic, antibakterial, for digestive disorders, use in tea mix

2

caraway

carum carvi

1. fruit

2. essential oil, carvone, limonene

3. antispasmodic, antibakterial, for digestive disorders

3

dill

anethum graveolens

1. fruit, leaves

2. volatile oil

3. herb, sharpen appatite, spasmolytic effect

4

anise

pimpinella anisum

1. fruit

2. volatile oil: anethole, anisaldehyd

3. antibakterial, inrease apatite, antispasmodic, laxative effect

5

fennel

foeniculum vulgare

1. fruit

2. anethole, fenchone

3. antispasmodicm inr. apatite, for gastrointestinal disorders, increase lactation

6

old(garden angelica)

angelicae archangelica

1. ?m dont think shell ask for drug this time

2. furanuomarins, volatile oils

3. GO tract disorders, increase appatite

7

old (lovage)

levisticum officinale

1. ?

2. pinen, fellandrene

3. diuretic, antibakterial, for gallstone, bladderstone

8

basil

ocimum basilicum

1. leaf

2. estragol

3. digestive helper, diuretic, as a herb

9

clove

syzygium aromaticum

1. flower-bud, flower

2. eugenol

3. anti-inflamm, anti-bakterial, antispasmotic, digestive helper

10

sesquiterpenes

family

classification

general use and effect

asteraceae f.

a/mono/bi/tri/tetracyclic systems --> most diverse part of terpenoids, diverse effect

non-liquid part of essential oils

digestive helper, spasmolytic effect, anti-inflammatory

11

old(kew tree)

gingko biloba

1. leaf

2. gingkolides, bilolides

3. can cause allergy

12

old(chamomile)

matricaria chamomila

1. flower

2. bisabolol

3. anti-inflammatory, anti-bakterial, tea, sore throat, inflammations of skin and mucous membranes

13

old(roman chamomile)

anthemis nobilis

1. flower, oil

2. volatile oil,

3. anti-inflammatory, anti-bakterial, stomach diseases

14

yarrow

achillea millefolium

1. flower

2. achillin

3. sharpen apatite, spasmolytic, for digestive disorders

15

sesquiterpene lactones

15C - sesquiterpene lactones, bitters

16

feverfew

chrysanthemum parthenium

1. shoot of flowering apex

2. volatile oils, parthenolid

3. prevent migraine attacks, inhibit thrombosis

17

iridoids

C10: non-volatile monoterpen derivatives

classification by atom no. : C10, C9 and C8(very rare)

use/effects: defence against herbivores, anti-inflammatory, anti-bakterial, sedative

18

old (ribwort plantain)

plantago lanceolata

1. leaf

2. aucubin, catalpol

3. syrup, anti-inflammatory

19

valerian

valerianae officinalis

1. root

2. valepottiates: ex vatrat, izovaltrat

3. improve sleep, mild sedative

20

valepottiates

improve sleep, mild sedative

GABA analouges --> CNS inhibitor

21

catnip

nepeta cataria

1. root

2. iridoids

3. improve sleep, mild sedative, tea, cat drug