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Flashcards in test 9 Deck (22)
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1

bitters

found in:
- monoterpen derivatives
- sesquiterpen lactones
- diterpenes

activate taste receptors -> secretion of salvia gastric acid and chole -> improve digestion (30min before meal)

2

bitterness determination:

- compairing threshold bitter conc to that of quinine hydrochloride

3

types of drugs containing bitters

type depends on helper compound type

4

great yellow gentian

gentiana lutea

1. root

2. secoiridoid bitters

3. appatizer, improve digestion, infusion

5

centaury

centaurium erythtea

1. flower

2. secoiridoid bitters

3. increase secretion of gastric juice and bile, for digestive disorders and ext for wound healing

6

wormwood

artemisia absinthium

1. flowering apex of shoot

2. artabsin, absinthin

3. appetizing effect, increase secretion of gastric juice and bile

7

arnica

arnica montana

1. flower

2. helenanin

3. anti- inflammatory, anti-microbial, infusion

8

st. benedicts thistle

cnicus benedictus

1. above ground parts

2. cninin

3. increase secretion of gastric acid, antimicrobial effect, against digestive disorders

9

artichoke

cynara scolymus

1. leaf

2. sesquiterpenlactons

3. decrease fat content of blood

10

dandelion

taraxacum officinale

1. whole plant

2. sesquiterpene lactons

3. appertizing effect -> increase gall production

11

terpenoids - diterpenes

C20

regulate plant growth

many toxic, medicinal agents

12

white horehound

marrubium vulgare

1. whole flowering plant

2. diterpene bitters

3. improve digestion,

13

triterpenes

C30

phytosterols
steroid-glycoalkaloids
saponins
cardiac glycosides

14

cardiac glycosides

faster and more powerful heart contraction

2 types: bufadienolide and cardenolide

15

cardenolides

hydrophilic(sugar) and hydrophobic(steroid) part
5 member ring

dont use as home remidy --> specific dosage, toxic if wrong

16

spp. digitalis

foxglove spp.

1. leaf

2. steroid - glycosides

3. industrial use only

17

saponins

emusifying effect: hydrophobic and hydrophillic part

foam in rumen

hemolysis

disintegrated cell membranes

18

cowslip

primula veris

1. root

2. primulasaponins

3. secretolytic, cough medicine

19

fenugreek

trigonella foenum

1. seed

2. steroid saponins

3. stimulate lactation, lowers glucose conc in blood

20

ginseng

panax ginseng

1. root

2. ginsenosides

3. decrease fatigue and weakness

21

liquorice

glycyrrhiza glabra

1. root

2. triterpene glycosides

3. anti-inflammatory, secrolytic, gastic ulcer treatment

22

pot marigold

calendula officinalis

1. ray flower, flower

2. volatile oils, flavanoids

3. increase gall production, anti-inflammatory, tea