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1

John and hid father fought all the time, but thy still saw each other every day. why did John stay in such an unsatisfying relationship with his father?

no viable alternatives are available

2

the habitual degree to which stimulation produces arousal of the nervous system is called

arousability

3

which personality characteristic is associated with hypersensitivity to overstimulation

shyness

4

what type of person performs better in quiet settings

introverted

5

_______ is one of the most powerful reasons that determine whether you become friends with someone

proximity

6

why do anxious people often seek to be with others

for social distraction

7

_____ makes us more susceptible to others influence

information dependence

8

in general what provides opportunities for cognitive clarity

affiliation

9

whenever Joyce walked into class she felt like other were observing and judging her physical attractiveness. what was Joyce feeling

social physique anxiety

10

self perceptions of attractiveness are often influenced by ____

social comparison

11

when Susie met her new roommate at college and learned they were from neighboring hometowns and had the same religious background, she felt ____ liking for her

greater

12

relationship attraction tends to mean that ___ is the most important factor

attitude similarity

13

if a person says, "im lonely because I don't know anyone here but things will get better" what sort of causal attribution are they making

unstable/external

14

according to research when do women tend to experience loneliness

when they lack one on one emotional sharing

15

people who are chronically lonely are often that way for what reason

lack of social skills

16

the most distinguishing feature of intimacy is the removal of _______ boundaries between people, so that one experiences another as part of him or herself

psychological

17

the majority of everyday relationships operate on the principle of social _____, in which we carefully tally our costs and balance them against our rewards to determine of we should maintain the relationship

exchange

18

what is NOT a trait if an exchange relationship

helping ones partner to elevate ones mood

19

what is an example of the More reflex

the ability to grasp and hold fast when startled

20

mothers produce _____, a hormone that also acts as a neurotransmitter in the brain and has a positive influence on parenting behaviour

oxytocin

21

after parental separation, during the despair stage, a child is likely to do what

remain quiet

22

women who are most likely to perceive mate rivalry with their female friends are those who see themselves, and are judged by others, as ______ their friends

less physically attractive than

23

the biggest problem in cross sex friendship is

sexual tension

24

same sex friendships between gay men are as intimate as those of _____

lesbians

25

what is considered to be a short lived type of love that happens in the early stage of a romantic relationship when ones partners live is less certain

passionate love

26

what is NOT a trait commonly associated with companionate love

lust

27

what might explain why women and men differ in their experience of love

cultural and/or evolutionary forces

28

what is NOT an example of a marginalized relationship

a Caucasian man with a Caucasian women

29

people who previously perceived higher levels of disapproval from friends, family, and society at large were more likely to have a _____ relationship

failed

30

a partner who is _____ in a relationship should feel guilty about the inequality that exists in the relationship

over benefited

31

what kind if harm is produced by aggression

intentional

32

what is another name for hostile aggression

reactive aggression

33

when a group has a discussion and the result is group produced enhancement or exaggeration of members initial attitudes, this is called _____

polarization

34

how many homicides occur worldwide each year

500,000`

35

female aggression more ____ than male aggression

indirect

36

although our genes play a role, what else shapes aggression

social and cultural factors

37

which of the following theories claim that aggression is caused by frustration

frustration-aggression hypothesis

38

what is the term used to explain how venting will reduce aggression

catharsis

39

Zillman found that men were willing to give stronger shocks to confederates after doing what

strenuous exercise

40

_____ societies tend to be those that develop cultures of honor

lawless

41

from what U.S. region are white male college students more likely to interpret advice about how to respond to aggression as sanctioning physical violence?

south

42

What is the false belief that women enjoy forced sex?

the rape myth

43

____ are used to express the idea that women are expected to act resistant to sex and men are expected to persist in their sexual advances.

cultural sexual scripts

44

What may happen if aggressive behavior is punished with violent means?

more aggression

45

what is NOT a strategy explored by social psychologists to reduce aggression?

psychological punishment

46

The famous case of _________ in 1964 was instrumental in prompting numerous studies on helping behavior.

Kitty Genovese's murder

47

Conservatives adhere to what norm when faced with helping people who are not in life-threatening situations?

norm of social responsibility

48

If you feel less compelled to help out in a natural disaster and hold victims responsible for their plight, you are likely a _________.

conservative

49

Those who tend to have ________ tendencies are more likely to help than those who have ________ tendencies.

collectivist
individualistic

50

What is the fourth step in the bystander intervention model?

knowing the appropriate form to help to render

51

What is the last step in the bystander intervention model?

decide whether or not to implement help

52

The audience inhibition effect decreases in which of the following circumstances?

the perception that the situation is dangerous

53

When costs to help are low and the costs of not helping are high, according to the bystander intervention model, what will bystanders be most motivated to do?

intervene and help

54

In trying to guess someone's intergroup status, we primarily rely on which of the following?

physical cues

55

When people express the notion that the world is a fair and equitable place and that people get what they deserve, what theory are they using?

just world belief

56

We are more likely to help those who we believe deserve help for which of the following reasons

norm of social justice

57

According to social psychological theories of helping, why might some blame victims for their misfortune?

they have a just world ideology

58

Which theory specifically states that social relationships maintain their equilibrium by keeping the exchange ratio balanced?

equity theory

59

What is a positive consequence of the self-esteem threat?

people develop skills so they wont need to ask for future help

60

Susan was resentful of her mother for helping her fill out her college applications. What helping behavior model does Susan's attitude illustrate?

threat to self esteem model