Flashcards in The Carbon Cycle Deck (15)
Carbon in the surface waters of the ocean includes:
dissolved gaseous carbon and carbon in bodies of organisms
List all stocks of carbon from largest to smallest
Deep ocean, fossil carbon, reactive sediments, soil carbon, atmospheric carbon, plant biomass
Flows of carbon
photosynthesis, respiration, decomposition, air-sea gas exchange, sedimentation
algae, phytoplankton and plants convert atmospheric carbon dioxide into carbohydrates (simple sugars). By product of reaction is oxygen
Carbon Dioxide + Water (--->energy from sun -->) Carbohydrates + Oxygen
production of energy laden carbohydrates because these carbs form base of food chain
Process of organisms using carbohydrates for energy. produces carbon dioxide and water
carbohydrates + oxygen (-->metabolic enzymes-->) carbon dioxide + water + energy
plant and animal material fossilized into rocks is
plant and animal material fossilized into liquid is
plant and animal material fossilized into gas is
energy cannot be created or destroyed, may only change forms. If the energy from the sunlight is used for photosynthesis, where does the energy go?
Energy is stored in the carbon bonds. created by photosynthesis and released through respiration.
process of burning fossil fuels
where is the energy stored in fossil fuels?
In the carbon bonds