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Flashcards in The Carbon Cycle Deck (15)
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1

Carbon in the surface waters of the ocean includes:

dissolved gaseous carbon and carbon in bodies of organisms

2

List all stocks of carbon from largest to smallest

Deep ocean, fossil carbon, reactive sediments, soil carbon, atmospheric carbon, plant biomass

3

Flows of carbon

photosynthesis, respiration, decomposition, air-sea gas exchange, sedimentation

4

Photosynthesis

algae, phytoplankton and plants convert atmospheric carbon dioxide into carbohydrates (simple sugars). By product of reaction is oxygen

5

Photosynthesis equation

Carbon Dioxide + Water (--->energy from sun -->) Carbohydrates + Oxygen

6

primary production

production of energy laden carbohydrates because these carbs form base of food chain

7

Respiration

Process of organisms using carbohydrates for energy. produces carbon dioxide and water

8

Respiration equation

carbohydrates + oxygen (-->metabolic enzymes-->) carbon dioxide + water + energy

9

plant and animal material fossilized into rocks is

coal

10

plant and animal material fossilized into liquid is

oil

11

plant and animal material fossilized into gas is

natural gas

12

energy cannot be created or destroyed, may only change forms. If the energy from the sunlight is used for photosynthesis, where does the energy go?

Energy is stored in the carbon bonds. created by photosynthesis and released through respiration.

13

Combustion

process of burning fossil fuels

14

where is the energy stored in fossil fuels?

In the carbon bonds

15

combustion equation

Fossil fuels/plant biomass + oxygen (-->ignition-->) carbon dioxide + water +energy