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Flashcards in "The Chosen" Terminology Deck (21)
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1

Shabbat

the Sabbath, a weekly festival day of rest (Friday night at sundown until Saturday night at sundown); celebrated with suspension of all forms of work and special prayer services

2

Yeshiva

a special Jewish parochial school where boys and girls are educated separately, and where stress is placed on study of the Torah and Talmud

3

tzitzit

the ritual fringes used to remind Jews of God’s commandments; found either on a prayer shawl or a special undergarment worn under the shirt

4

rabbi

Jewish religious and spiritual leader trained in scholarship and to lead the community

5

Rebbe

a revered leader of a Chasidic sect; the Rebbe is consulted in nearly all matters by his followers because he is considered the wisest man in the community and because it is believed that he is best able to interpret God’s will on earth

6

apikorsim

A person who denies the existence of God
Pg. 23-24: A Jew educated in Judaism who denies the basic tenets of the faith like the existence of God, the revelation, the resurrection of the dead.

7

Hebrew

the language the Torah is written in and therefore considered a holy tongue. Chasidim do not speak Hebrew for trivial matters, but converse in Yiddish. Hebrew has been adopted as the national language of the modern nation of Israel, founded in 1948

8

Yiddish

a language, a combination of Hebrew, German, Polish and other European languages, spoken among Chasidic Jews

9

yarmulke or skullcap

a small hat worn by Jewish men to remind themselves that they are continually below God

10

Abba

Hebrew word for “dad” or “daddy”

11

Talmud

the oral law. According to Jewish tradition, when the Torah was given to Moses on Mt. Sinai, Moses also received oral instructions which were passed down orally, but not written down for many generations. Several generations later, a group of rabbis did write down their discussions of the oral laws and those writings are known as the Talmud

12

tzaddik (sg.) tzaddikim (pl.)

"In the Jewish tradition, a tzaddik is a guru-like figure who has devoted his entire life to the study of the Torah and the practice of its commandments."
The righteous ones – “a superhuman link between themselves and God.”

13

tefillin or phylacteries

two boxes with long straps crafted of unblemished leather that contain particular Bible verses in them. They are worn around the head and between the eyes, and around the arm traditionally by Jewish men during morning weekday services so that they can literally fulfill the commandment in Deuteronomy that says, “and you shall wear them as a sign upon your hand, and they shall be for frontlets between your eyes.”

14

Torah

literally “law” the first five books of the Bible that traditional Jews believe were handed to Moses on Mt. Sinai while they were in the desert returning to Canaan after years of slavery in Egypt (613 commandments)

15

momzer

a contemptible person

16

Samovars

an urn with a spigot at its base for tea

17

Hasidic Jews

Hasidim, or pious ones, are followers of a Polish Jew named Israel who lived in the 18th century. Also called a saintly man, he taught and mingled with his people out of a sense of love, not duty. The leaders of this sect are known as Tzaddikim, the righteous ones. Reb Saunders is a Tzaddik

18

Gentiles

non-Jewish faith, Christian

19

kosher

clean or fit to eat according to Jewish law

20

apostate

a person guilty of abandoning his faith

21

Ba’al Shem Tov

18th century founder of Chasidism