The Constitution Flashcards Preview

UK Politics > The Constitution > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Constitution Deck (16)
Loading flashcards...
1

Codified Constitution

Single Document formed at crucial point in Countrys history that accessible by public and contains how it may be amended

2

Uncodified Constitution

Consists through a range/variety of sources, having evolved & developed over time

3

Sources of UK Constitution

Authoritative Works
Common Law
Conventions
EU Law
Statute Law

4

Principles of the UK Constitution

Parliamentary Sovereignty
Rule of Law
Unitary State
Parliamentary Government
European Union

5

Statute Law

Law created by Parliament

6

Common Law

Legal Principles applied to UK Courts

7

Conventions

Rules that are not legally bounding by the court but have become tradition e.g. Appointment of the Prime Minister

8

Authoritative Works (+ e.g.)

Political texts that have become the basis of our political system e.g. The English Constitution 1867 by Walter Bagehot

9

Royal Prerogative

Rights/Privileges of the sovereign who is subject to no restriction

10

Rule of Law

Law is above everything else from individuals to government thus ensuring citizens rights

11

Parliamentary Sovereignty

Parliament has supreme law-making authority over all other institutions

12

Examples of Constitutional Reform since 97?

Human Rights Act (2000)
- grants rights & freedoms to citizens

Constitutional Reform Act (2005)
- reformed Lord Chancellor, established Supreme Court & regulated the appointment of Judges

13

What is a constitution?

document providing the frame work for a political system with laws & rules as to how a country should be governed.

14

4 Weaknesses of the UK Constitution

Lacks Clarity
Centralised Power: Lacks separation of powers
Weak Protection of rights; not entrenched
Un-Democratic; unelected House of Lords

15

4 Strengths of UK Constitution

Strong Government; Parliamentary Sovereignty
Change over time
Adaptable to change; lack of entrenchment
Accountable to parliament & electorate

16

Criticisms of Labour Reforms?

Didn't go far enough; no elected house of lord or electoral reform

Damaged & weakened the constitution; devolution broke up the UK