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Flashcards in Devolution Deck (20)
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1

What is Devolution?

Transfer of powers from central government to regional governments

2

Special Power of The Scottish Parliament

Economic Development

3

Special Power of The Welsh Assembly

Highway + Transport

4

Special Power of The Northern Ireland Assembly

Trade

5

Example of the impact of Devolution on UK policy?

Scottish Health & Social Act (2005) - Banning smoking in public place =

England Health Act (2006) - Banning smoking inside

6

Types of Devolution?

Unitary State, Union State, Federal State, Quasi-Federal State

7

What is a Unitary State?

All power rests with central government, everywhere is governed the same way

8

What is a Union State?

Power remains in centre but nations have a degree of control too

9

What is a Federal State?

Constitution has divided power between national and regional government = regional gov have more political identity & authority

10

What is a Quasi-Federal State?

central government devolves some power to regional governments so as to limit parliamentary sovereignty.

11

Advantages of Devolution in UK (5)

Issues dealt with at appropriate level
Offices in Brussels = directly to EU
Cultural Identity can be Expressed
Develop of policies
System can evolve gradually

12

Disadvantages of Devolution in UK (5)

Expensive
Conflict between governments
Hasn't gone far enough
Variation on Laws
Overrepresentation; West Lothian Question

13

When did Devolution begin in the UK?

1999

14

What powers are still reserved for UK Government?

Defence & National Security

Energy

Foreign Policy

15

When was the Good Friday Agreement & What did it establish?

April 10th 1998 - Northern Ireland Assembly

16

What powers have been devolved to all regional governments? (3)

Agriculture
Education
Environment

17

Membership of the Northern Ireland Assembly?

90

18

Membership of Scottish Parliament?

129 - elected every 4 years using Additional Members System

19

Membership of Welsh Assembly?

60 - elected every 5 years using Additional Members System

20

Unionists vs. Nationalist in Northern Ireland?

Unionists want to remain with the UK
Nationalists favour a United Ireland