Flashcards in The Duke Critics Deck (37):
What does Declan Donnelan say about the Duke exploring Vienna?
Rulers were referred to as the place they ruled, so the Duke of Vienna = 'Vienna', so when the Duke explores Vienna, he is exploring himself.
'What does Wasson say the Duke represents?
'he represents the virtue of temperance'
What does Wasson say the Duke knows has led to the corruption in Vienna?
'He knows that his own merciful nature has led to the corruption of Vienna'
What does Wasson say of the Duke's interpretation of justice?
'Shakespeare's attitude toward justice in Measure for Measure, it is clearly Aristotelian. There is even the same dual interpretation of the concept of "justice as measure for measure " in the Ethics as we find in the play'
Taylor on the meta nature of Measure for Measure?
"Thus, as in so many of Shakespeare's plays, we were placed at a distance from the "on-stage" audience. Thus we were allowed to "judge" the Duke's production. "
According to Magedanz what does the Duke finally adopt in his reading of justice?
'The hybrid standard the Duke adopts is finally neither pure justice nor pure mercy, but equity'
-This links back to Aristotle who begins Nicomachean Ethics in this way of defining equity as making exceptions in certain circumstances.
Norman Nathan in his article "The Marriage of Duke and Isabella" states what about their marriage?
That it is designed to fit the notions of the wife a Duke should have as prescribed in "King's Gift"- one of James's works on statecraft
Everett says the Duke at the end spends...
'spends the last few hundred lines dealing out justice like a man with a pack of cards"
What does Paul Cheetham say about the Duke's confidence in Angelo?
'the Duke while pretending to have total confidence in Angelo, clearly implies that rigid application of the law by fallible human beings is indefensible.'
What does Paul Cheetham say the Duke's treatment of Lucio at the end show about future Vienna?
'the possibility that Vienna may be once again plunged into the riot of vice which it had apparently been infected, we should be reassured by the Duke's final treatment of Lucio.'
What does Marian Cox say the Duke must learn?
'The Duke has to learn to moderate his private studies with his public duties, his status as a ruler with his needs as a man.'
What does Marian Cox say the Duke's practice of assessing others is?
'he demonstrates that his practice is metaphorically to weigh humans to assess their moral gravity'
What did Pennington say about the Duke's journey?
'We felt there must be a journey for the Duke and that... he comes to learn something about true government, about justice, about the entire system by which he has governed and lived. He now has to question all of that.'
What did Peter Pick say about the Duke and power?
'Power, a sort of mental sadism, which is Angelo's aphrodisiac, is also the Duke's addiction'
What does Goldberg say about the Duke's exchange?
'He exchanges political authority for religious authority; he exchanges power over the people's public actions for power over their private actions.'
What does Schlegel say about the Duke and his subjects?
'He has more pleasure in overhearing his subjects than governing them.'
What does Fiona Dunlop say about the Duke's observation of his subjects?
'The Duke's close observation of his subjects gives him a different kind of power over them, the power of intimate knowledge. This is not a power over their bodies (imprisonment, torture, death) but a power over their souls.'
is the Duke playing God
What does Baines say about the enforcement of chastity laws?
'Strict enforcement of any law would strengthen the ruler's authority, but society's disregard for the laws that mandate chastity is critical for the Duke specifically because chastity assures legitimacy, and legitimacy authorises patriarchy.'
What does Leavis say about the Duke?
'(the Duke is) a kind of Providence directing the action from above. His attitude is meant to be ours- his total attitude, which is the total attitude of the play.'
What does Jean Evans say about the Duke's nature?
'we are aware from the first of his flawed nature, both in self acknowledgement and his deluded belief.'
What does Marian Cox say about the final scene?
'The final scene of the play is both the convening of a court and a symbolic Day of Judgement, with an almighty judge presiding, for all sinners, who are summonsed by trumpets to give an account of themselves and receive their sentences.'
What does Patsy Hall say about the Duke being an ineffectual leader?
'An ineffectual leader has left his people in the hands of a moral zealot with the authority to execute laws that the leader himself has squirmed from upholding.'
What does Brendan Jackson think of the Duke as a plot device?
'The Duke disguised as a friar... steed the plot away from its tragic potential and towards a kind of comedy.'
What does Fiona Dunlop say about the legal system the Duke has inherited?
'In Measure for Measure, the Duke has inherited a legal system that depends part on 'terror' of the ruler and of the law.'
What does Fiona Dunlop say about the Duke's surveillance?
'The Duke's surveillance is finally effective in laying bare the secret motives of men's and women's hearts.'
What does Fiona Dunlop say to explain the Duke's disguise?
'People who are conscious of being visible to authority figures modify their behaviour to avoid punishment or gain rewards.'
What does Hazlitt say about the Duke?
'more absorbed in his own plots and gravity than anxious for the well-being of the state.'
What does Dallimore say about the Duke's surveillance?
the Duke's 'undercover surveillance and Christian morality that stigmatises sex as guilt combines to keep the populace under a sinister form of ideological control.'
What does Knight say the Duke represents?
The Duke 'represents a divine principle of justice and mercy.'
What does Gless say about the way the Duke acts?
The Duke 'acts in a way analogous to God.'
What does Stevenson say about the 'he who the sword of heaven shall bear speech'??
'it is a speech which fully reflects James' own exalted sense of a character of a ruler such as himself.'
What does Schiner say the Duke is?
'a man of tests'
What does Rosalind Miles say about the Duke?
'ultimate benevolent authority figure '
'deep moral seriousness of his role.'
What does Coursen say about the Duke?
The Duke is 'vain', interested in 'image mongering'
What does Tebbets say the play is based on?
'The play is based on James but intended to be a sly, subversive attack on the monarch.'