The Eden Basin Case Study Flashcards
Where does the River Eden flow?
Where is the drainage basin located?
In north-west England
Between the mountains of the Lake District and the Pennines
Which areas does the river drain?
North-east Lake District and the north-west Pennines
Where is the River Eden’s source?
In the Pennine hills in south Cumbria
In which direction does the river flow?
It flows north-west through Appleby-in-Westmorland
Where is the River Eden’s mouth?
Solway Firth at the Scottish border
Explain the rural and urban characteristics of the river
Does flow through the city of Carlisle
What can cause flooding downstream?
The upland areas that drain into the River Eden can experience extreme weather.
Why is Carlisle particularly vulnerable to flooding?
Urban area- urban surfaces
At the confluence of the Eden, Petteril and Caldew rivers
What is the rainfall like over the Eden basin?
It is higher than the national average
Why is there so much rainfall over the Eden basin?
Due to the relief of the area- the mountainous terrain encourages orographic rainfall.
What shape is the Eden basin?
It is long and narrow
Why is the lag time of the river long?
The basin is long and relatively narrow
What reduces the lag time and increases the peak discharge?
The slopes within the basin are very steep.
Where is the igneous rock found?
On the highest ground, to the west of the basin
Explain how igneous rocks reduce the lag time
Igneous rocks are impermeable and therefore infiltration is slow and surface runoff is high in these areas
What is type of rock is the majority of the basin made of?
Limestone and sandstone
Explain how sandstone and limestone increase the lag time
Infiltration is quick and there is little runoff
What is a benefit of sandstone and limestone?
Infiltration allows the amount of water in ground stores to increase.