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PTRS 745 Exam 1 > The Elbow > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Elbow Deck (67)
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1

Q: One function of the elbow is transmission of ________ from the shoulder to the ______.

power, hand

2

Diagram: Identify the ligaments (2)

L - Annular ligament

R - Ulnar collateral ligament 

3

Diagram: Identify the ligament 

Radial collateral ligament

4

Q: What is the carrying (cubital) angle in men and women?

M = 11-14

W = 13-16

5

Term: Increase of cubital angle

Ulnar palsy

6

Content: Radiohumeral joint - Resting position, close packed position, CPR

RP = full extension and supination 

CPP = elbow flexed 90, supinated 5

CPR = flexion > extension > supination > pronation

7

Content: Ulnohumeral joint - Resting position, close packed position, CPR

RP = 70 elbow flexion, 10 supination

CPP = Extension with supination

CPR = flexion > extension

8

Content: Proximal radioulnar joint - Resting position, close packed position, CPR

RP = 70 elbow flexion, 35 supination

CPP = 5 supination

CPR = supination/pronation

9

Content: Humeroulnar flexion roll and glide

R = anterior

G = distal/anterior

10

Content: Humeroulnar extension roll and glide

R = posterior

G = proximal/posterior

11

Content: Humeroradial flexion roll and glide

R = anterior

G = anterier

12

Content: Humeroradial extension roll and glide

R = posterior 

G = posterior

13

Content: Forearm varus roll and glide

R = medial 

G = lateral

14

Content: Forearm valgus roll and glide

R = lateral

G = medial 

15

Content: Proximal radioulnar pronation roll and glide

R = anterior

G = posterior/dorsal

16

Content: Proximal radioulnar supination roll and glide

R = posterior

G = anterior/volar

17

Content: Distal radioulnar pronation roll and glide

R = anterior

G = anterior

18

Content: Distal radioulnar supination roll and glide

R = posterior

G = posterior 

19

Q: What amount of hyper extension is available at the elbow?

10-15

20

Content: Clinical syndromes based on location of symptoms - anterior (4)

1. Anterior capsular strain

2. Biceps rupture

3. Elbow dislocation

4. Pronator syndrome

21

Content: Clinical syndromes based on location of symptoms - medial (4)

1. Medial epicondylitis 

2. MCL/UCL injury

3. Ulnar neuritis

4. Fracture

22

Content: Clinical syndromes based on location of symptoms - posterior (3)

1. Olecranon bursitis

2. Olecranon process

3. Stress fracture, triceps tendinitis

23

Content: Clinical syndromes based on location of symptoms - lateral (6)

1. Lateral epicondylitis

2. LCL/RCL injury

3. Capitulum fracture

4. Osteocondral degenerative

5. Osteocondritis dissecans

6. Radial head fracture 

24

Content: Differential diagnosis - Trauma (3)

1. FOOSH

2. Fall on tip of elbow/olecranon

3. Ligament injury

25

Content: differential diagnosis - Overuse (2)

1. Epicondylitis

2. Little Leaguer's elbow 

26

Defn: epicondylitis

Inflammation of one of the epicondyles, which includes both the periosteum and the tendons

27

Q: What is another name for lateral epicondylitis?

tennis elbow

28

Q: What is another name for medial epicondylitis?

Golfer's or thrower's elbow

29

T/F: There are more cases of medial epicondylitis than lateral epicondylitis.

False, flip it

30

Q: What is the profile of individual who get epicondylitis?

35-50 yos and young athletes