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PTRS 745 Exam 1 > Therapeutic Exercise > Flashcards

Flashcards in Therapeutic Exercise Deck (97)
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1

Term: Safely return a pt. to his or her preinjury state with as little risk of reinjury as possible with the minimum amount of pt. inconvenience

Intervention

2

Term: Tool (object or therapist) used to restore and improve a pt.'s musculoskeletal or cardiopulmonary well being.

Therapeutic exercise

3

Q: What is the goal of a therapeutic exercise program?

Optimal level of symptom free movement during basic to complex physical activities

4

Q: How do you achieve symptom-free movement and function?

1. Knowledge of basic principles

2. Relationships of anatomy and kinesiology

5

Content: Components of TherEx (3)

1. Activity

2. Technique

3. Elements

6

Term: TherEx - a posture and any movement occurring in that posture

Activity

7

Term: TherEx - the type(s) of muscle contraction(s) i.e. concentric, eccentric, isometric

Technique

8

Term: TherEx - sensory input used either to facilitate or inhibit a response

Element

9

Content: Parts of the intervention definition (5)

1. Exercise to prevent muscular atrophy

2. Restoring joint and muscle function

3. Increasing muscular strength

4. Improving efficient cardiovascular and pulmonary function

5. Neurological elements

10

Content: Other bits of the TherEx puzzle (4)

1. Understand state of the injury

2. Understand surgical procedure

3. Know potential rate of recovery

4. Be aware of precautions, complications, and contraindications

11

Content: Intervention for Bone (2)

1. Biomechanical energy in the line of stress

2. Avoid sheer forces

12

Content: Intervention for Cartilage (2)

1. Intermittent compression and decompression with gliding

2. Avoid excessive overload

13

Q: How can posture effect TherEx? (2)

1. Watch for compensatory mechanism

2. Can lead to other injury

14

Content: Intervention for Collagen

Modified tension in the line of stress

15

Content: Things to keep in mind when addressing the problem (4)

1. Where is the pt. lacking function?

2. What are the pt goals?

3. Are they the same as your goals?

4. Assess the needs

16

Q: What is the PT problem solving approach?

Assess needs > develop a plan > implement plan > evaluate plan > ALWAYS return to ASSESS needs

17

Content: Skillful Decision Making Models (4)

1. Disablement model

2. Medical model

3. Clinical reasoning

4. Algorithms

18

Defn: Disablement model

Impairment, Function, Activity

19

Defn: Medical model

Scan, Illness scripts

20

Defn: Clinical reasoning

Reliant on experience

21

Defn: Algorithms

If and then

22

Q: What is a problem list good for?

Helps you develop your goals and plan

23

Content: Basic Principles of TherEx (6)

1. Bi/Unilateral

2. Un/stable

3. Single/multiplanar motion

4. Single/multijoint motion

5. Simple/complex task/exercise

6. Specific to job/sport

24

Content: 4 parts of specificity of training

1. Bilateral vs. single loading exercise

2. Balance

3. Proporioception

4. Kinesthetic

25

T/F: Balance should be progressed from simple to complex activites.

True

26

Content: Other considerations for TherEx (6)

1. Posture/position

2. Muscle type, contraction, fibers

3. Repetition

4. Rest/recovery

5. Periodization

6. Substitution

27

Q: In which phase is the area red, warm, swollen, and painful?

Acute

28

Q: In which phase is there pain present at rest and with motion of the involved area?

Acute

29

Q: In which phase is there coagulation and WBCs present?

Acute

30

Q: What are the 3 goals of the acute phase?

1. Rest

2. Relieve pain

3. Protect