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Flashcards in The Final Final Exam Deck (49)
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1

What are the 12 Cranial Nerves?

Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
Trigeminal
Abducens
Facial
Vestibulocochlear

2

What is sensitivity?

Likelihood of true positive results with the disease

3

What is specificity?

Likelihood of a true negative result in those who are healthy (disease-free)

4

Cognitive behavioral therapy seeks to blank dysfunctional thoughts and behaviors.

modify

5

psychodynamic therapy seeks to discover unconscious blank or blank impulses

sexual and aggressive

6

Motivational interviewing seeks to blank motivation to blank behavior

increase and change

7

Valproate therapeutic level? how often?

50-120 mcg/ml, Monthly for the first several months and subsequently every 6-24 months

8

Common in blank poisoning with this antiseizure medication: thrombocytopenia and neutropenia, easy bruising, bleeding that won't stop, slow healing wounds, high fever, liver failure and dysfunction, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and jaundice

Valproate and select antiepileptic drugs (carbamazepine)

9

Screening for this allele with geentic testing in patients with Asian ancestry is recommended prior to starting carbamazepine

HLA-B 1502 allele

10

Lithium therapeutic level? how often?

acute treatment 0.8-1.2 mmol/L; maintenance 0.6-1.0 mmol/L. Check 12 hour post dose after 4 days on medications and then every 4-5 days during initial therapy

11

Blank explains changes in self-understanding, social relationships, and one's relationship to society from infancy through later life. Erik Erikson is the primary theorist

Psychosocial theory

12

Blank psychology is a perspective that emphasizes looking at the whole individual and stresses concepts such as free will, self efficacy, and self actualization. Rather than concentrating on dysfunction, blank psychology strives to help people fulfill their potential and maximize their well-being

Humanistic psychology

13

blank explains personality in terms of unconscious psychological process (for example, wishes and fears of which we're not fully aware), and contends that childhood experiences are crucial in shaping adult personality. The concepts of transference, counter transference, and defense mechanisms are all components. Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler are well known for their development of psychodynamic theories.

Psychodynamic theory

14

blank are characterized by their focus on the idea that how and what people think leads to the arousal of emotions and that certain thoughts and beliefs lead to disturbed emotions and behaviors and others lead to healthy emotions and adaptive behavior.

Cognitive theories

15

This blank model posits that health behavior change involves progress through six stages of change: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination

transtheoretical model

16

The mother of psychiatric nursing

Hildegard E Peplau

17

Patient/Population, intervention, comparison, and outcomes. What abbreviation is used?

PICO

18

Blank is a substance which initiates a physiological response when combined with a receptor

agonist

19

Blank is a substance that interferes with or inhibits the physiological action of another

Antagonist

20

Blank is the unsolicited repetition of vocalizations made by another person (when repeated by the same person, it is called palilalia)

Echolalia

21

Blank is derived from the amino acid tryptophan and is synthesized in the raphe nuclei of the brain stem. Is implicated in the regulation of sleep, mood, pain, and appetitie.

Serotonin

22

Blank is an excitatory neurotransmitter necessary for learning and memory

glutamate

23

blank is a potent inhibitory neurotransmitter that has an effect on motor control and vision. It also regulates anxiety

Gamma-Glutamate

24

Dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine are all blank.

Catecholamines

25

Blank is characterized by acute onset (over 1-3 days) development of symptoms including mental status changes, hyperthermia, muscular rigidity, diaphoresis, tachycardia, labile blood pressure, and dysrhythmias. Laboratory findings commonly include an elevated serum creatine phosphokinase and an elevated white blood cell count as well as electrolyte abnormalities.

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome

26

Blank is a potentially life threatening and is characterized by mental status changes as well as neuromuscular alteration/abnormalities. Common physical findings include hyperthermia, rigidity, agitation, akathisia, tremor, dry mucus membranes, increased bowel sounds, dilated pupils, and hyperreflexia. Neuromuscular symptoms are more commonly experienced in the lower extremities. Hypertension and tachycardia are also common physicals findings.

Selective serotonin syndrome

27

Blank1 is characterized by "lead-pipe" rigidity, whilst blank2 is characterized by hyperreflexia and clonus (involuntary muscle contractions)

blank1 Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
blank 2 serotonin syndrome

28

Diagnosis of blank are met when the clinical presentation is dominated by at least three of the following criteria: stupor, catalepsy, wavy flexibility, mutism, negativism, posturing, mannerisms, stereotypy, agitation or excessive motor activity, grimacing, echolalia, and echopraxia.

catatonia

29

There are no specific laboratory tests used in the diagnosis of blank, however in malignant blank the white blood cell count may be elevated, creatinine kinase may be elevated, and the serum iron level may be decreased.

catatonia

30

Serum bicarbonate levels are not affected by malignant catatonia but may be decreased in patients with blank

selective serotonin syndrome