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Flashcards in The Foundations of Research: Philosophy to Theory Deck (16)
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1

What are the elements of the research triangle?

- Methods
- Methodology
- Epistemology
- Ontology

2

What are methods?

Means employed to gather data

3

What is methodology?

- Means employed to inquire about the phenomenon
- Embedded in each statement of methodology are epistomonological and ontological assumptions

4

What is epistemology?

Knowledge regarded as evidence or depiction of

5

What is ontology?

Philosophical assumptions about what constitutes social reality

6

What is theory?

- Formal, logical explanation of a phenomenon
- Allows understand and explanation/prediction

7

What are the different kinds of theory?

- Macro
- Relate individual behaviour to larger social structures
- Meso
- Theories that refer to organisations indepnent from the external environment
- Micro
- Personalities etc - individual

8

What are the elements of a theory?

- Statements
- Concepts
* Variables

9

What are the different variables within a theory?

* Independent
* Dependednt
* Mediator/Intervening
* Moderator

10

What is an independent variable in a theory?

Factors that explain the dependent variable

11

What is a dependent variable in a theory?

Of primary interest to the researcher

12

What is a Mediator/Intervening variable in a theory?

Variable that mediates the relationship between IV and DV

13

What is a moderator variable in a theory?

Variable that strengthens or weakens the relationship between IV and DV

14

What are the criteria for nomothetic causality?

- Variables must be correlated
- Cause takes place before the effect
- Variables are nonspurious

15

What is a spurious relationship?

Coincidental statistical correlation between two variables shown to be caused by some third variable

16

What are the types of causes in causality?

- Necessary
- Must be present for the effect to follow
- Sufficient
- If present, guarantees the effect in question
- Easier to identify