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Flashcards in The Head and Neck Deck (24)
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1

How many bones make up the skull?

22 bones

2

How many bones are in the face alone?

14 bones

3

What bones make up the facial skeleton?

Mandible, Maxilla, Nasal, Palatine, Lacrimal and Vomer bones

4

What are the main bones of the cranial skeleton?

Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Temporal

5

What bones form the forehead?

Frontal

6

What bones protect the anterolateral wall of the brain?

Temporal bones

7

What bones form the top and posterolateral portions of the skull?

Parietal bones

8

What nerve carries sensory fibers from the face, oral cavity and teeth and efferent motor fibers to the muscles for mastication?

The Trigeminal (V) Nerve

9

What are the three branches that make up the Trigeminal Nerve?

Ophthalmic
Maxillary
Mandibular

10

What is the largest endocrine gland in the body?

The thyroid gland

11

What is the function of the thyroid gland?

To produce thyroid hormone in accordance with the needs of the body

12

What is an expected finding as the provider inspects the thyroid gland?

It is barely visible

13

What nerve damage is expected if the patient is hoarse with phonation?

RLN

14

How should the normal thyroid gland feel?

The normal thyroid gland has consistency of muscle tissue

15

What is expected if unusual hardness is felt on palpation of the thyroid gland?

Hardness is associated with cancer or scarring

16

Why might the thyroid gland feel spongy or soft?

If a goiter is present

17

What is concluded if the patient reports tenderness on palpation of the thyroid gland?

Acute infections or hemorrhage into the gland

18

What finding would make the provider want to listen to the thyroid gland?

If the thyroid is enlarged

19

What does a bruit indicate if heard on auscultation of the thyroid gland?

Systolic bruit is highlt suggestive of a toxic goiter

20

How is Pemberton's sign performed?

Ask the patient to raise both arms above the head until they touch the side of the head and assess for facial suffusion

21

What is can be a possible cause of a positive Pemberton's sign?

Useful for detecting latent obstruction in the thoracic inlet

22

What is the most common type of hyperthyroidism?

Graves disease

23

Why is hypothyroidism so difficult to diagnose?

Often the only complaint is a tired or run down feeling

24

Why would the provider use the achilles tendon reflex to assess hypothyroidism treatment?

They are normally hypo reflexive, however this test has been known to cause false positives and negatives