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Flashcards in The Hip Deck (20):
1

Ball

Femoral head

2

Socket

Acetabulum of hip bone

3

Parts of the superior area of femur

Head, neck, greater trochanter, lesser trochanter, trocheteric crest, femoral shaft, intertrochanteric line

4

Three hip bones

Ilium, ischium and pubis

5

What age does the hip begin to fuse?

15-17 is completely fused by 20-25 years

6

Acetabulum

Socket of the joint, where the hip bones join

7

Acetabular labrum

Fibrocartilagneous rim attached to margin of acetabulum, more than 50% of the femoral head fits in

8

Joint capsule

Capsular fibre takes a spiral course, attaches at the intertrochanteric line.

9

Three joint ligaments that strengthens joints

Iliofemoral, pubofemoral and ischiofemoral

10

Iliofemoral ligament

Y shaped, strongest ligament in the body, protects the hip and prevents hyperextension

11

Pubofemoral ligament

Protects anteriorly and inferiorly and prevents over abduction

12

Ischiofemoral ligament

Positioned posteriorly and limits extension

13

Flexors

Ilipsoas, rectus femoris, sartotius

14

Hip adductors

Adductor Magnus, adductor breves, adductor longus, pectineus, gracillis, obturator externus

15

Hip extensors

Gluteus maximums, long head of biceps femoris, semimembranosus, semitenousus

16

Hip abductors

Gluteus medius, gluteus minimums, tensor fascia latae

17

Lateral rotators

Piriformis, superior gemellus, obturator internus, inferior gemellus, quadratics femoris

18

Nerves in the hip

Femoral nerve
Obturator nerve
Superior gluteal nerve
Nerve to quadratics fenoris

19

Blood supply to the hip

Medial circumflex femoral artery,
lateral circumflex femoral artery,
Minor source- obutraor artery

20

Superior gluteal nerve

Supplies hip adductors causes the trendelenburg sign