Flashcards in The Lincolnshire Rising and The Pilgrimage of Grace Deck (59)
When did the rising begin in Lincolnshire?
What was the geography of the rebellion ?
Started in Lincolnshire October 1536, spread over the Humber into the East Riding of Yorkshire and continues from ether into parts of the West Riding around Wakefield and Pontefract
Where did the most militant rising begin?
in the dales between Ripon and Richmond
Why were rebels in the second, more militant rising which started in the dales between Ripon and Richmond more radicalised and hostile towards the gentry?
because of the strength of their grievances against their landlords
How was class antagonism clear from letters sent by the second rising which was the most militant and started in the dales between Ripon and Richmond
they sent out letters in the name 'Captain Poverty'
What was the case of the cause of the rebellion?
-various secular motives
-most undoubtedly the case of Henry V111's religious changes which pushed too quickly for fundamental religious changes that most ordinary people could neither sympathise with nor understand
What were the 2 religious motives for the Pilgrimage of Grace?
1) dissolution of the monasteries
2)Fear for parish churches and traditional religious practises
What 4 reasons did the dissolution of the monasteries have on motivating the Pilgrimage of Grace rebellion
-fear of loss of charitable and educational functions which some monasteries provided
-possible loss of parish churches which were monastic property
-fear that the north would become impoverished by monastic land falling into the hands of southerners
-the loss of useful facilities and services which the monasteries offered
How can the importance of the monasteries to the rebels be seen?
through their attempts to restore some of the houses which had been suppressed
Who was known as the leader of the Pilgrimage of Grace?
In what 3 ways did Cromwell's Injunctions of 1536 seek to attack traditional religious practises ?
-the celebration of locally important saints such as St. Wilfred in parts of Yorkshire had been discouraged
-pilgrimage was discouraged
-rumours that church plate and jewels which had been bequeathed by parishioners would be confiscated and that parishes might be amalgamated
What were the 4 secular motives for the Pilgrimage of Grace?
2)The imposition of the Duke of Suffolk sparking Lincolnshire rebellion
3)Catherine's supporters exploited northerns religious and financial concerns
4)extension of the rebellion west of the Pennies into Cumberland , highlighting tenants grievances
When was there a royal proclamation offering pardon to rebels
3rd December 1536
What happened to Robert Aske, leader of the Pilgrimage of Grace rebellion?
he tired to negotiate a settlement with the king but was exceed after the outbreak of renewed rebellion in January 1537
Who do some suggest the rebellion was really led by ? (2)
aristocrat and gentry , particularly
-Lord Darcy in Yorkshire
-Lord Hussey in Lincolnshire
What did rebels of the Pilgrimage of Grace wear?
the Five Wounds of Christ
What did rebels in the Pilgrimage of Grace do?
-swore an oath that contradicted the Crowns oath of supremacy
-they circulated ballads connecting the theme of the Church in danger to the socio-economic distress they believed would happen from the loss of monastic charity
Why did rebels circulate ballads contain the theme of the Church in danger to socio-economic distress?
as they believed this would happen from the loss of monastic charity
What did the oath that rebels swore bind them to do? (4)
-take up Christ's cross
-defend the Catholic Church
-Strive for the suppression of heretics
-expel evil councillors from the Kings council (Cromwell)
Why did the Lincolnshire rebellion which started on the 2nd October at Louth quickly collapse on 18th October?
as the rebellion faced forces of the Duke of Suffolk
Though the Lincolnshire rebellion collapsed , where did northern rebels occupy and capture?
northern rebels occupied York and Hull and captured Pontefract Castle
The king sent an army north , under who's command?
the Duke of Norfolk
What 3 things did Norfolk promise after he and an army were sent north by the king and realised he was greatly outnumbered ?
-issued a pardon
-promised dissolution of the monasteries would be restored
-free Parliament established
What gave Henry an excuse to go back on his word from Norfolk's promises?
when rebellion renewed in Cumberland and the East Riding in 1537
How did the Duke Of Norfolk react to the renewed rebellion in Cumberland and the East Riding in 1537?
-Norfolk quickly suppressed the renewed rebellion
-declared martial law
-hanged 74 rebels
-several members of the gentry, heads of monastic houses were brought to London, tried and executed
What leaders of the rebellion, along with several members of the gentry and heads of monastic lands were brought to London ?
leaders Darcy and Hussey
how was Henry poor at handling the Pilgrimage of Grace?
-he ignored warnings about the increase of resentment
Where was Norfolk shown the 24 Articles of the rebels?
Why is it arguable that the Pilgrimage of Grace was due to religious, political, social and economical problems?
as the 24 Articles reflected areas of concern over all these aspects