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Henry V111-English Society in the reign of Henry V111 > Elites&Commoners > Flashcards

Flashcards in Elites&Commoners Deck (38)
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1

Who represented the social elite?

the traditional nobles and the greater gentry

2

What type of influence did the social elite have?

economic and political

3

How many peers were there by the end of Henry V111's reign than there was at the beginning?

9

4

How had most peers achieved their rank?

as a result of royal service as courtiers soldiers

5

How were peers ranks enhanced by a close family relationship, give an example

the kings brother-in-law Edward Seymour was elevated to the earldom of Hertford

6

Who was the only Duke in England when Henry first came to the throne?

Edward Stafford the Duke of Buckingham

7

Which 2 non-royal ducal titles did Henry promote?

Norfolk and Suffolk

8

What was the history behind the ducal title of Norfolk?

Norfolk was restored to the titles which had been enjoyed by his father

9

How was Suffolk given a ducal title?

seemed to have been promoted on account of the closeness of his personal relationship with the king

10

Where was Suffolk bestowed property after the rebellion there in 1536?

Lincolnshire

11

Why would Henry bestow property on nobles?

to enable them to exert royal authority in particular areas

12

Why was John, Baron Russell raised to peerage and endowed with lands in Devon?

to bolster royal authority in the south-west following the execution of the Marquess of Exeter

13

Who was raised to peerage and endowed with lands in Devon to bolster royal authority in the south west after the execution of the Marquess of Exeter?

John, Baron Russell

14

Who was John, Baron Russell? (3)

-a diplomat and solider
-became a councillor in 1536
-Following the fall of the Marquess of Exeter he was granted a huge amount of monastic land in Devon to bolster royal support in the south west

15

What 2 factors strained the relationship between Henry and the Marquess of Exeter?

His identification was with the Aragonese faction and his enmity towards Cromwell

16

What were expected of nobles?

To have great households and offer hospitality ti their affinity and neighbours

17

What was affinity?

described to all persons who had relationships with a person of higher status based on land holdings

18

What were noble households critical to? (2)

the maintenance of local influence
to the recruitment of royal armies

19

How many men did the Earl of Shrewbury raise for the invasion of France in 1513?

over 4000

20

Who is an example of how the nobility were being brought more under the control of the monarch?

Baron Dacre of the South was tried in 1541 for the murder of a neighbours servant and hanged like a common criminal

21

What was tried for murder in 1541 for the murder of a neighbours servant and hanged like a common criminal?

Baron Dacre of the South

22

When was the Duke of Buckingham executed for treason on the vaguest of charges?

1521

23

Why was Henry's relative the Marquis of Exeter executed in 1538?

for treasonable conspiracy

24

What happened to Margret Pole Countess of Salisbury?

she was attained for treason and held in the Tower for over 2 years before eventually being executed

25

Why were Lord Darcy and Hussey executed in 1536?

for their roles in the rebellion in the Pilgrimage of Grace

26

How many gentry families were there in 1540?

5000

27

Why were knighthoods conferred?

as a sign of royal favour

28

What would a knight possess as a reward ?

an income which reflected his status

29

How many knightly families were there in 1524 according to a historian?

200

30

What was a gentleman who was entitled to bear a coat of arms deemed as?

deemed as esquire