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Flashcards in The Living World Deck (38)
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1

HUMANS

HOMO SAPIENS

2

LION

PANTHERA LEO

3

DOG

Canis familiaris

4

Onion

Allium cepa

5

Wheat

Triticum aestivum

6

Bringal

Solanum melongena

7

Rose

Rosa indica

8

Pigeon

Columba Livia

9

Binomial nomenclature year

1751

10

Principal of priority

Most X rule
Most prior is Linnaues
Animal: 10 edition of SYSTEMA NATURAE in 1758
Plant: SPECIUS PLANTARUM in 1753

11

Potato

Solanum tuberosum

12

Black nightshade or Makoi

Solanum nigrum

13

Wolf

Canis lupus

14

Jackal

Canis aureus

15

PANTHERA pardus

Leopard

16

Biological concept of species

ERNST MAYR, interbreeding

17

Royal botanical garden

Kew England

18

Central nstional herbarium

Culcutta

19

National botanical garden nbri

Lucknow

20

Indian botanical garden

Howrah WB

21

Llyod botanical garden

Darjeeling

22

Liquid used in museum

Formalin

23

Taxonomic aids: KEY

Similarities, dissimilarity
Contrasting pair called couplet
Each called LEAD
Generally analytic in nature

24

Tomato

solanum lycoperseam L

25

Ontogeny

History of organisms

26

Phylogeny

Evolutionary history of organisms

27

New systematics

also called Biosystematics, neosystemqtics
Morphology, ecology, biochemical,genetiacl, etc
JuLIAN HUXLEY coined
Basic unit is POPULATION/ SUB SPECIES

28

Aristotle title

Father of taxonomy
Father of biology/Zoology

29

Father of botony

Theophrastus

30

Father of Indian botany/ Indian herbaria

William rouxburgh

31

Trinomial nomenclature

Lamarchw
Subspecies (animal) varieties( plant)

32

Synonum

Except 1st name, all others are called synonym
Eg: Albugo Candida

33

Tribe

Intermediate betw sub family a d species

34

Suffix:
Division
Class
Order
Family
Tribe
.
.
Kingdom

Phyta
Phyceae, opsida, ae
Ales
Aceae
Eae
.
.
Family: Idae
Tribe: Ini

35

Species was coined by

John ray

36

How many obligate and intermediate catogores are there

7
21

37

Herbarium

Collection( kept in mettalic vasculum,polythene for moisture)
Drying( newspaper)
Poisoning(0.1% of Corrosive sublimate HgCl2)
Mounting
Stitching. 41 X 29cm 16½ X 11½
Labelling 7 X 12 cm
Deposition Bentham and hooker system

They are sprayed woth dry powder, copper sulphate for 4 o 6 months to prevent small insuct like SiLvEr FisH

38

Trinomial nomenclature
1: Indian crow
2. Gorilla
3. Cabbage
3. Indian babul

Corvus splendens splendens
2. Gorilla Gorilla Gorilla
3. Brassica oleracea bar. Capita
4. Acacia Nilotica Indica