Flashcards in The Norman Conquest And Its Impact Deck (15):
Why did the Normans invade?
Rich prize, William believed he had a strong claim
Why did the Norman invasion succeed?
Strong and flexible military, able leader, fiercely loyal half-brothers, past experience, luck
How did the Normans gain control?
People surrendered to William, rebellions were crushed, network of castles, loyal barons and churchmen
How far was England changed?
Lots at the top of society, new castles and churches, new culture, same law and administration
How did power change hands?
Nobles could challenge kings, military strength
Who was king after Edward?
Harold Godwinson because Edgar Atheling was only 15
What events lead up to the invasion?
William builds forces, Viking attack in the north, Harold had to go south to face William in 1066
How did military efficiency and ruthless violence help the Normans take control of England?
Rebellions crushed, after multiple attempts William showed no mercy, burned buildings and slaughtered animals
How did castles help the Normans take control of England?
Controlled areas, defended by knights, massive network
How did a network of loyal supporters and land help the Normans take control of England?
Loyal family and friends, rewarded followers with land, loyal barons and churchmen
How did Anglo-Saxon legality and administration help the Normans take control of England?
Legal inheritance of England, faking legality, kept efficient government
How did a new English church help the Normans take control of England?
Replaced churchmen with Normans, large cathedral building scheme
How did William measure land and goods in England?
The Domesday survey and book
What happened to English nobility?
English aristocracy replaced with Normans, most of the land went to the king and his loyalist followers