Flashcards in The presidency of Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) Deck (35):
Andrew Jackson was the first "_______" as president
Andrew Jackson was born ______ uneducated and from______
was born poor uneducated and from the west
Jackson split the democratic-Republican party and led to the formation to the _______ party
Jackson returned to the policy of......
States rights, protection of liberty and westward expantion
Andrew Jackson greatly expanded what power?
when Jackson enterd office, what did he encourage the use of?
the spoils system
what was the spoils system?
Jackson removed bureaucrats from previous government positions and replaced them with his own loyal party members (the act of giving government jobs to the common people)
the spoils system was seen as very ....?
Democratic, but eventually led to courruption
how many terms did Andrew Jackson serve?
what were the 3 main conflicts Jackson had during his presidency ?
Indian removal, Nullification Crisis, and the bank war
what was in the way of Americans moving west?
what was in Georgia?
what is the name of the land that the government tried to take from the Indians?
what was the Cherokee v.s. Georgia case?
the Cherokee (Indians) sued the supreme court and won
although the Indians won the rights to their land, Andrew Jackson signed the ......
Indian removal act
what was the Indian removal act?
it forced all Indian tribes to relocate west of the Mississippi
the US army forced the Indians west on the ......
"trail of tears"
what caused an obvious tension between the north and south?
what was the tension between the north and south called?
why did northern states favor tariffs?
they favored tariffs because they profited when people bough more manufactured goods
why did southern states oppose tariffs?
they opposed them because, the tariff made goods more expensive and led to European tariffs on cotton
who was Jackson vice president?
Calhoun threatened that south Carolina would ___ the "unfair federal tax
What was the force bill?
A bill that was used to enforce the tariff on the southern states
What happened when Henry Clay introduced a lower tariff?
It relieved sectional tensions
What did the states use to argue that secession from the union was possible ?
What was the compromise of 1833?
When Henry clay lowered the tariff on northern goods to please southern states during the nullification crisis
Jackson thought the __________ was unconstitutional and gave too much __________ to the elite
Bank of the US (BUS), Power
3 times Jackson "over stepped" at president
Spoils system , Indian removal act , stand against states rights strengthened the power of the president.
What party was created to restore the two party system?
Who supported the re chartering of the BUS?
Henry Clay and bank manager Nicolas Biddle
After letting the BUS expire, what did Jackson do with all of the money?
Jackson put it in 23 "pet" state banks
With out the BUS, banking went ____________ and the economy when into a number of "_____________"
Unregulated, panics (depressions)
Who wrote the Monroe doctrine?
John Quincy Addams