The presidency of Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The presidency of Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) Deck (35):
1

Andrew Jackson was the first "_______" as president

common man

2

Andrew Jackson was born ______ uneducated and from______

was born poor uneducated and from the west

3

Jackson split the democratic-Republican party and led to the formation to the _______ party

Democratic

4

Jackson returned to the policy of......

States rights, protection of liberty and westward expantion

5

Andrew Jackson greatly expanded what power?

Presidential power

6

when Jackson enterd office, what did he encourage the use of?

the spoils system

7

what was the spoils system?

Jackson removed bureaucrats from previous government positions and replaced them with his own loyal party members (the act of giving government jobs to the common people)

8

the spoils system was seen as very ....?

Democratic, but eventually led to courruption

9

how many terms did Andrew Jackson serve?

two

10

what were the 3 main conflicts Jackson had during his presidency ?

Indian removal, Nullification Crisis, and the bank war

11

what was in the way of Americans moving west?

Indians

12

what was in Georgia?

Gold

13

what is the name of the land that the government tried to take from the Indians?

Cherokee lands

14

what was the Cherokee v.s. Georgia case?

the Cherokee (Indians) sued the supreme court and won

15

although the Indians won the rights to their land, Andrew Jackson signed the ......

Indian removal act

16

what was the Indian removal act?

it forced all Indian tribes to relocate west of the Mississippi

17

the US army forced the Indians west on the ......

"trail of tears"

18

what caused an obvious tension between the north and south?

Tariffs

19

what was the tension between the north and south called?

Sectionalism

20

why did northern states favor tariffs?

they favored tariffs because they profited when people bough more manufactured goods

21

why did southern states oppose tariffs?

they opposed them because, the tariff made goods more expensive and led to European tariffs on cotton

22

who was Jackson vice president?

Calhoun

23

Calhoun threatened that south Carolina would ___ the "unfair federal tax

nullify (ignore)

24

What was the force bill?

A bill that was used to enforce the tariff on the southern states

25

What happened when Henry Clay introduced a lower tariff?

It relieved sectional tensions

26

What did the states use to argue that secession from the union was possible ?

"States rights"

27

What was the compromise of 1833?

When Henry clay lowered the tariff on northern goods to please southern states during the nullification crisis

28

Jackson thought the __________ was unconstitutional and gave too much __________ to the elite

Bank of the US (BUS), Power

29

3 times Jackson "over stepped" at president

Spoils system , Indian removal act , stand against states rights strengthened the power of the president.

30

What party was created to restore the two party system?

the Whigs

31

Who supported the re chartering of the BUS?

Henry Clay and bank manager Nicolas Biddle

32

After letting the BUS expire, what did Jackson do with all of the money?

Jackson put it in 23 "pet" state banks

33

With out the BUS, banking went ____________ and the economy when into a number of "_____________"

Unregulated, panics (depressions)

34

Who wrote the Monroe doctrine?

John Quincy Addams

35

What was the meaning of the Whigs name?

It refers to the "English Whigs" who were opposed to absolute monarchy