The Restless Earth: Earthquake Case Study - Poorer country Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Restless Earth: Earthquake Case Study - Poorer country Deck (20)
1

What is the case study for an earthquake occurring in a poor country?

Kashmir, Pakistan.

2

When did the earthquake occur?

8th October, 2005.

3

What was the size of the earthquake on the richter scale?

7.6.

4

What caused the earthquake to happen?

Movement along a crack in a plate at a destructive plate boundary.

5

What preparation was put in place?

No local disaster planning was in place.
Buildings not designed to withhold earthquakes.
Communications poor.

6

Why was the communication bad?

Few roads.
They were badly constructed.

7

What were the primary effects off the earthquake?
Name 5

Around 80,000 deaths.
Hundreds of thounsands injured.
Villages and buildings destroyed.
Around 3 million homeless.
Water pipelines and electricity lines broken.

8

What were the deaths mostly from?

Collapsing buildings.

9

What did the broken water pipelines and electricity lines do?

Cut of supply.

10

What were the secondary effects?
Name 3

Landslides buried buildings and people.
Diarrhoea and other diseases spread.
Freezing winter conditions.

11

What else did landslides cause?

Blocking or roads.
Cut off water, electricity, telephone lines.

12

Why did diseases spread?

Due to little clean water.

13

Freezing winter conditions caused what?

More casualties.
Rescue and rebuilding operations were difficult.

14

What were the immediate responses after the earthquake?
Name 3

Help didn't reach for days/weeks.
Tents, blankets and medical supplies provided within a month.
International aid.

15

How were people rescued?

By hand without any equipment.
No help from emergency services.

16

International aid and equipment such as...

Helicopters and rescue dogs were brought in.

17

What were the long-term responses?

40,000 people been re-located.
Government money given to people.
Training provided.
Health centres.

18

40,000 people re-located to new towns from...

Destroyed town of Balakot.

19

Who has the government money been given to?

Peoples who's homes have been destroyed.
Rebuild their homes.

20

Training has been provided to what?

Help rebuild more buildings as earthquake resistant.

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