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Flashcards in The Restless Earth: Tsunami - Case Study Deck (30)
1

What is a Tsunami?

Series of enormous waves caused when huge amounts of water get displaced.

2

An earthquake caused a tsunami where?

In the Indian Ocean in 2004.

3

Where is there a destructive plate boundary?

Along the west coast of Indonesia in the Indian Ocean.

4

When did the boxing day tsunami take place?

26th December 2004.

5

Where did the earthquake occur?

Off the West coast of the island Sumatra.

6

On the richter scale what did it measure?

9.1

7

How did the earthquake happen?

The plate moving down into the mantle cracked and moved very quickly.
Causing a lot of water to be displaced.

8

The waves off the tsunami were how high?

Up to 30 metres high.

9

The Indian Ocean Tsunami was what...

One of the most destructive natural disasters that's ever occurred.

10

What countries did the tsunami effect?
Name 4

Indonesia.
Thailand.
India.
Sri Lanka

11

Why were the effects of the tsunami so bad?

There was no early warning systems.

12

How many people were killed?

230,000.

13

How many people became homeless?

1.7 million.

14

What was destroyed?

Towns.
Villages.

15

Infrastructure including _____, ____ ____ and _____ ____ were destroyed

Roads.
Water pipes.
Electricity pipes.

16

How many people needed emergency food, water and medical supplies?

5-6 Million.

17

There was massive...

Economic damage.

18

Fisherman lost their...L

Livelihoods.

19

What happened to the tourism industry?

It suffered because of the destruction.
People were afraid to go on holiday there.

20

What did salt from the seawater do?

Plants can't grow.

21

What else was destroyed by the waves?
Name 4

Mangroves.
Coral reefs.
Forests.
Sand dunes.

22

The responses involved a lot of...

International Aid.

23

Within days of the tsunami happening what had happened?

Hundreds of millions of pounds had been pledged.

24

Who was the hundreds of millions of pounds pledged by?

Foreign governments.
Charities.
Individuals.
Businesses.

25

What was the for?

Survivors.
Food.
Water.
Shelter.
Medical attention.

26

What did foreign send?

Ships.
Planes.
Soldiers.
Teams of specialised help.

27

What did the help do?

Rescue people.
Distribute food/water.
Begin clearing up.

28

Name 4 long term responses?

Billions of pounds have been pledged.
Programmes set up.
Tsunami warning system.
Disaster management plants.

29

What has the billions of pounds pledged to help?

Re-build infrastructure.

30

Volunteers have been trained...

So they are aware of what to do if a tsunami happens again.

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