Changing Urban Environments: Urbanisation Flashcards Preview

Geography > Changing Urban Environments: Urbanisation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Changing Urban Environments: Urbanisation Deck (17)
1

Where is URBANISATION happening the fastest?

In poorer countries

2

Define URBANISATION?

Growth in the proportion of a country's population living in urban areas.

3

What PERCENTAGE lives in urban areas?

50%

4

How MANY people live in urban areas?

3.4 billion.

5

What percentage of the UK lives in urban areas?

80%

6

What percentage of Bangladesh lives in urban areas?

25%

7

What CAUSES urbanisation?

Caused by Rural-urban Migration.
Good healthcare and high birth rate in cities.

8

What is RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION?

Movement of people from the countryside to the cities.

9

Name 2 reasons why people in poorer countries move from rural areas to cities?

-Shortage of services- education, water, power.
-More jobs- better infrastructure

10

Name 2 reasons why people in richer countries move from rural areas to cities?

-For jobs- moved from farms for work
-Being encouraged back by redevelopment of the areas

11

When is most urbanisation occur in richer countries?

During industrial and Agriculture revolutions.
(18th and 19th century)

12

What do people believe in rural areas?

That the standard of living is better in cities.
Often isn't the case.

13

Why is industry attracted to cities?

Larger workforce and better infrastructure than in rural areas.

14

What happened in the late 20th century?

People left run down inner city areas and moved to the country side.

15

Who normally moves to the cities?

Younger people.
Who have children in the cities increasing the proportion of the population living in urban areas.

16

Where is there better health care?

Urban areas.
People live longer.

17

What happened in the 18th and 19th century?

Machinery began to replace farm labour in rural areas.
Jobs were created in new factories in urban areas.
People moved from farms to towns for work.

Decks in Geography Class (39):