The Sand Creek Massacre (1864) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Sand Creek Massacre (1864) Deck (23):
1

When was the first treaty of Fort Laramie signed?

The first treaty of Fort Laramie was signed in 1851

it guaranteed the Cheyenne and Arapaho large amounts of land

2

Why did prospectors begin crossing over Cheyenne and Arapaho land in 1858?

In 1858, gold was discovered in Colorado Territory in 1858. Prospectors started crossing across Cheyenne and Arapaho land to get to this gold

3

When was gold discovered in Colorado Territory?

Gold was discovered in Colorado Territory in 1858, because of this prospectors started crossing Cheyenne and Arapaho land

4

What were the negative effects of the prospectors crossing over the Cheyenne and Arapaho land?

Negative effects of the prospectors crossing over Cheyenne and Arapaho land were:

-They began using up the grass

-They scared away the Buffalo and deer

-Some began settling

5

Why were the Arapaho and Cheyenne made to move to a reservation?

Prospectors began settling on their land and demanded that the US government move the Arapaho and Cheyenne onto reservations

6

What did the Treaty of Fort Wise (1861) mean for the Cheyenne and Arapaho?

The Treaty of Fort Wise (1861) was signed by Arapaho and Cheyenne cheifs, they agreed to move onto reservations

7

When was the Treaty of Fort Wise signed by the Arapaho and Cheyenne cheifs?

The Treaty of Fort Wise was signed in 1861, when Arapaho and Cheyenne cheifs agreed to move onto reservations

8

Why were there still conflicts between prospectors and the Plains Indians after the signing of the Treaty of Fort Wise?

Many young warriors in brotherhood's (known as the Dog soldiers) rejected the treaty and remained in their own lands, causing conflict between themselves and the prospectors

9

After how many years of attacks did Black Kettle (A Cheyenne cheif), government officials and army commanders try to reach an agreement?

Three years of attacks and raids between the Dog Soldiers and prospectors passed before Black Kettle, the government and army commanders tried to reach an agreement

10

Who was Black Kettle?

Black Kettle was one of the Cheyenne cheifs that signed the Treaty of Fort Wise (1861)

11

Where did Black Kettle set up camp (beleiving he was under army protection)?

Black Kettle set up camp in Sand Creek, beleiving he was under government protection

However the Territory's governor, John Evans was determined to 'kill and destroy' hostile plains indians

12

Who was Sand Creek Territory's governor and what was he determined to do?

Sand Creek Territory's governor was John Evans, he was determined to 'kill and destroy' all hostile Plains Indians

He wasn't happy when Black Kettle decided to set up land in Sand Creek

13

Who did John Evans appoint to 'kill and destroy' the Plains Indians (Black Kettle and the Cheyenne) on his territory (Sand Creek)

John Evans appointed Colonel Chivington, a civil war hero to 'kill and destroy' the Plains Indians (Black Kettle & co.) who had set up camp in Sand Creek

14

When did Chivington lead 700 cavalry troops on a dawn raid on Black Kettles camp?

On the 29th November *1864*, Chivington lead 700 cavalry troops on a dawn raid on Black Kettles Camp

15

How many troops did Chivington lead on a dawn raid of Black Kettles camp on the 29th November 1864?

Chivington lead 700 troops on a dawn raid of Black Kettles camp on the 29th November 1864

16

How many warriors did Chivington claim his troops fought and what was the reality?

Chivington claimed his troops fought a tremendous battle against 1,000 men.

In reality the camp put up a white flag of surrender. But 130 men, women, children and babies were still massacred

They scalped their victims and took other body parts as trophies

17

Why did the Dog Soldiers beleive they were right in their original stance? (Not trusting the white Americans)

Black Kettle escaped and carried news of the Sand Creek massacre to other tribes. They beleived this proved the white Americans should never be trusted. They attacked forts and killed many white settlers across Colorado Territory

18

Why did the Dog Soldiers attack and kill many white settlers across Colorado Territory? (after the massacre)

The Dog Soldiers beleive Black Kettle escaping with the news of the massacre proved them right

The white Americans should not be trusted

They attacked and killed many white settlers across Colorado Territory

19

What was the treaty of 1865 promising?

The treaty of 1865 promised generous payments to survivors of the Sand Creek massacre and a large reservation for the Cheyenne and Arapaho

20

When was the treaty promising generous payments to the Cheyenne and Arapaho agreed?

The treaty promising generous payments to the Cheyenne and Arapaho was agreed in 1865

21

What happened once the Civil War was over concerning the treaty made in 1865?

Once the civil war was over the government backed out of their deal. They made a new treaty in 1867, moving the tribes to a reservation half the size of what was promised. No compensation was given alsl

22

What was the treaty introduced in 1867 about?

The treaty introduced in 1867 moved the tribes to a reservation half of what they had been promised and they were not payed compensation

23

When did Black Kettle die and how?

Black Kettle died in 1868, in another massacre of Plains Indians by US troops