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Flashcards in The Tudors And Stuarts Deck (39)
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Why did Henry VII deliberately strengthen the central administration of England and reduce the power of nobles after the Wars of the Roses?

Because he wanted to make sure England remained peaceful and his position as king was secure.


True or false: King Henry VII was known for spending lavishly.

False. Henry VII was thrifty and built up the monarchy’s financial reserves.


True or false: when Henry VII died his son Henry VIII decentralised power in England once again.

False. Henry VIII continued his father’s policy of centralising power.


What two things was Henry VIII most famous for?

For breaking away from the Church of Rome and for marrying six times.


Name the six wives of Henry VIII.

1. Catherine of Aragon
2. Anne Boleyn
3. Jane Seymour
4. Anne of Cleves
5. Catherine Howard
6. Catherine Parr


Catherine of Aragon was a princess from where?



True or false: Catherine of Aragon bore many children for Henry VIII who all had an equal right on the throne.

False. Catherine and Henry had a number of children, but only one, Mary survived.


Why did Henry VIII divorce Catherine of Aragon?

Because she was too old to give him another child and he hoped another wife would give him a son to be his heir.


From when till when was Henry VIII king of England?

From 21 April 1509 till his death on 28 January 1547


Where was Anne Boleyn from?

She was English


How many children did Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII have?

They had one daughter, Elizabeth.


True or false: Anne Boleyn was very popular in the country.

False. She was very unpopular and was accused of taking lovers.


How and where did Anne Boleyn die?

She was executed at the Tower of London.


Did Henry VIII marry Jane Seymour before or after Anne Boleyn’s execution?



Did Henry VIII and Jane Seymour have a son or a daughter? What was the child’s name?

They had a son called Edward.


True or false: Jane Seymour died shortly after the birth of her son, Edward.



Anne Of Cleves was a princess from where?



Why did Henry VIII marry Anne of Cleves?

For political reasons


True or false: Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves’ marriage was short-lived.



Which previous wife of Henry VIII was his fifth wife Catherine Howard related to?

Anne Boleyn


What happened to Catherine Howard?

She was accused of taking lovers and executed.


Catherine Parr, Henry VIII’s sixth wife was a _____ who married Henry late in his life.



Catherine Parr survived Henry VIII. Did she marry again after his death? What happened after?

She did marry again but she died soon after.


Why did Henry VIII establish the Church of England?

Because the pope refused to give his approval for Henry VIII to divorce his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.


How was the Church of England initially different from the Church of Rome?

In the Church of England, the king, not the Pope, would have the power to appoint bishops and order how people should worship.


While Henry VIII was establishing the Church of England, the Reformation was happening across Europe. What was the Reformation?

It was a movement against the authority of the Pope and the ideas and practices of the Roman Catholic Church.


What happened during the Reformation?

The Protestants formed their own churches and the Bible in their own languages instead of Latin; they did not pray to saints or at shrines and believed that a person’s own relationship with God was more important than submitting to the authority of the Church.


True or false: Protestant ideas didn’t gain strength in England, Wales and Scotland until the 18th century.

False, they gradually gained strength in England, Wales and Scotland in the 16th century.


What happened when the English tried to impose Protestantism and the English system of laws about the inheritance of land in Ireland?

It led to rebellion from the Irish chieftains and brutal fighting thereafter.


Which country became formally united with England during the relight of Henry VIII? What was the legislation that formalised it?

Wales, formalised by the Act for the Government of Wales.