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Flashcards in Early Britain Deck (43)
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1

The first people to live in the U.K. were ______-_________.

Hunter-gatherers

2

What was the period called in which hunter-gatherers lived in the U.K.?

The Stone Age

3

How was Britain connected to the European continent during the Stone Age?

By a land bridge

4

When did Britain become permanently separated from the European continent by the Channel?

10,000 years ago

5

When did the first farmers arrive in Britain?

6,000 years ago

6

Where did the ancestors of the first farmers to live in Britain probably come from?

South-east Europe

7

Name a famous monument built by the first farmers during the Stone Age, that was used for special gatherings, and was situated in what is now the English county of Wiltshire.

Stonehenge

8

Name the best preserved prehistoric village in Northern Europe and where it is located.

Skara Brae, on Orkney, off the north coast of Scotland.

9

When approximately was the Bronze Age?

4,000 years ago

10

What period followed the Bronze Age?

The Iron Age

11

In which present English county is the Iron Age hill fort at Maiden Castle?

Dorset

12

What family of languages were spoken by the farmers, craft workers and warriors of the Iron Age?

Celtic

13

Were the first coins to be minted in Britain made during the Bronze Age or the Iron Age?

During the Iron Age

14

Which Roman emperors led invasions into Britain and when? Which of the invasions was ultimately successful in occupying almost all of Britain?

Julius Caesar in 55 BC and The Emperor Claudius in AD 43.

The second invasion in AD 43 was successful.

15

Name a tribal leader who fought against the Romans and is remembered today by a statue in Westminster outside the Houses of Parliament.

Boudicca, queen of the Iceni in what is now eastern England.

16

Was Scotland conquered by the Romans?

No

17

The Emperor Hadrian built a wall in the north of England to keep out the ancestors of the Scottish people. What were these people called?

The Picts

18

Name the two forts in Hadrian’s wall that are UNESCO World Heritage Sites today?

Housesteads and Vindolanda

19

How long did the Romans remain in Britain?

For 400 years

20

During which centuries did the first Christian communities begin to appear in Britain?

The 3rd and 4th centuries.

21

What impact did the Romans have on British society?

They built roads and public buildings, created a structure of law and introduced new plants and animals. They also introduced Christianity in the 3rd and 4th centuries.

22

When did the Roman army leave Britain and why?

AD 410. They left to defend other parts of the Roman Empire and never returned.

23

Which Northern European tribes invaded Britain after the Romans had gone?

The Jutes, the Angles and the Saxons.

24

By which year were Anglo-Saxon kingdoms established in Britain (mainly in what is now England)?

AD 600

25

Name the burial place of the Anglo-Saxon king who was buried with treasure and armour placed in a ship, covered by a mound of earth?

Sutton Hoo in modern Suffolk

26

Was West Britain (including Wales and Scotland) under Anglo-Saxon rule around AD 600?

No

27

The Anglo-Saxons were not Christians when they first came to Britain. Who spread Christianity in Britain during this period?

Missionaries such as St. Patrick, St Columba and St. Augustine

28

Where did St. Columba build a monastery off the coast of Scotland?

On the island of Iona

29

Where was St Augustine from, which part of Britain did he spread Christianity from, and what title did he receive thereafter?

From Rome. He spread Christianity in the south. He became the first Archbishop of Canterbury.

30

Where did the Vikings come from?

Denmark and Norway