Theater Strategy and Campaigning Flashcards Preview

Army War College Oral Comps > Theater Strategy and Campaigning > Flashcards

Flashcards in Theater Strategy and Campaigning Deck (39):
1

Operational Art

- links strategic goals to tactical operations
- Application of creativity & intuition to link strategic objective to tactical tasks
- The unique combination of creativity and a broad understanding of the problem; environment; & guidance that develops action to change current to desired future state

2

What is a framework to analyze current and future environment for Operational Design?

PMESII -
Political, Military, Economic, Social, Information, Infrastructure

3

Operational Design

1. Understand Strategic Guidance
a. existing policy- strategic objective
b. conflicts or uncertainty
2. Frame/Understand the Environment
a. context & what's going on
b. why has the situation developed/what's it mean?
c. what is the natural tendency of the environment?
3. Frame the Problem
a. what needs to change/stay the same
b. strengths/weaknesses of actors
c. conditions that = success
4. Develop the Operational Approach
a. current --> future state
b. tensions, consequences, & RISK

4

What are 2 components of a CCIR?

1. - PIR: Priority Intel Requirement
2. - FFIR: Friendly Force Information Requirement

5

Three ways to organize Multinational C2?

1. Lead Nation Command (Ex: MNF-I)
2. Integrated Command (Ex: NATO)
3. Parallel Command (Ex: Desert Storm)

6

Deterrence Joint Operating Concept

Credibly threaten to:
1. DENY the adversary benefits
2. IMPOSE costs
3. ENCOURAGE restraint

7

Describe Security Cooperation

All DoD interactions w/ foreign security establishments
- build security relationships
-develop capabilities
- provide US Forces w/ peacetime and contingency Access

8

Center of Gravity

1. Clausewitz - "the hub of all power & movement"; the point at which our energies should be directed

2. Source of Power that provides:
- moral or physical strength
- freedom of action
- the will to act

9

Four Domains of the Operational Environment

Air, Land, Maritime, and Space

10

What document integrates the assignment, apportioned, and allocated forces?

GFMIG - Global Force Management Implementation Guidance (SECDEF approved)

11

Three Ways to organize a Joint Force

1. Unified Combatant Command
2. Subordinate Unified Command permanent or continued command)
3. Joint Task Force (temporary)

12

What document establishes Geographic AORs, Missions, Responsibilities? Who approves it?

Unified Command Plan (POTUS)

13

What are products of Operational Design?

1. Description of the Op. Environment
2. Problem Statement
3. Mission Narrative
4. CDR's description/graphic of Op Approach
5. CDR's initial intent & Planning Guidance

14

Joint Planning Process (JPP)

1. Planning Initiation; Receive/Analyze Guidance
2. Mission Analysis
3. Develop COAs
4. Analysis of COAs (war gaming)
5. Comparison of COAs
6. Approval of COAs
7. Plan or Order Development

15

What are the 7 Joint Functions?

1. C2
2. Intel
3. Information
4. Movement and Maneuver
5. Fires
6. Protection
7. Sustainment

16

What are the 4 Pillars of the NSS?

1. Protect the American People, homeland, way of life
2. Promote American Prosperity
3. Peace Thru Strength
4. Advance American Influence

17

What are the 3 Pillars of the NDS?

1. Build a more Lethal Force
2. Strengthen Alliances & Attract New Partners
3. Reform DoD for Greater Performance & Affordability

18

Joint Operational Access Concept?

1. Operational Access
2. Assured Access
3. Opposed Access - Forcible Entry, A2AD
4. Global Commons
5. Force Projection (military)
6. Power Projection (DIME)
7. Cross-Domain Synergy
8. Joint Synergy

19

Categories of Forces for CCDRs/Services

1. Assigned - forces under a GCC (command authority) available for normal peacetime ops
2. Allocated - achieved thru procedures for crisis action planning; allocation is augmenting forces that then become attached or Assigned
3. Attached - placement is temporary; detailing of forces for a specific function
4. Apportioned - for planning purposes; provides the estimate of serviceability to generate forces for CCDR’s planning purposes

20

JPP

detailed planning

21

operational design

apply critical and creative thinking (conceptual) to complex, ill-structured problems and develop approaches to solve them (Understand, Visualize, Describe)

22

Strategic Direction

POTUS – NSS/PPDs
SECDEF – UCP, QDR, NDS, GEF (cont. planning w/ priorities & endstates)
CJCS – NMS (ways & means); JSCP (direction/strategic & operational guidance)

23

Unified Action:

synchronization of activities with governmental and nongovernmental agencies taking place within unified commands, subunified commands, or joint task forces

24

Operational Design Framework:

- Understand the Environment: context for ops, environment, DIME guidance
- Understand the Problem: relevant factors, root causes, our problem
- Develop an Operational Approach: Potential ways, Objs, LOE (Logic) & LOO (Physical),COGs (CC-CR-CV), DPs

25

3D Planning

- Diplomacy (DoS)
- Development (USAID)
- Defense (DoD)

26

Homeland Defense (DoD)


Active, layered defense (Forward Regions, Approaches, Homeland)

27

Def. Spt. of Civil Authorities (DSCA)

NIMS/ICS

28

Unified Command Plan (UCP)

yields the GEF and Defense Planning Guidance

29

Guidance for Employment of the Force (GEF)

prioritized force employment for next 2 years; strategic endstates

30

Joint Strategic Capability Plan (JSCP)

prioritzes force management for planning; detailed planning tasks

31

Plan Types

Level 1 – Commander’s Estimate
Level 2 – B Plan (COA  CONOPS)
Level 3 – CONPLAN
Level 4 – OPLAN
Crisis Action Planning (CAP)

32

GFMIG (Impl. Guid) –

info on assign (COCOM), apportion (OPCON/TACON/Spt), & allocation (Cont. Planning)

33

GFMAP

rotational forces for next FY

34

Joint Operational Access Concept:

Operational access
Assured access
Opposed access – A2AD, forcible entry
Global commons
Force projection (military)
Power projection (DIME)
Cross-domain synergy
Joint synergy

35

Range of Military Operations (ROMO)

Major Ops/campaigns
Crisis response/ltd contingency
Mil. Engagement/sec. coop.
Deterrence

36

Joint Functions:

Movement & Maneuver
Fires
Mission Command
Intelligence
Protection
Information

37

Joint Functions:

Movement & Maneuver
Fires
Mission Command
Intelligence
Protection
Information

38

Joint Boundaries:

Theater, JOA, JSOA, Area of Influence, Area of Interest, Theater, Information Environment, Opnl Environment

39

What is land-power?

Landpower is the ability—by threat, force, or occupation—to gain, sustain and exploit control over land, resources, and people (ADRP 3-0). The Army supports the joint force by providing capability and capacity for the application of land power through maneuver, fires, special operations, cyberspace operations, EW, space operations, sustainment, and area security