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WJEC GCSE Geography B - Key Terms & Definitions > Theme 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Theme 1 Deck (66)
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1

Amenities

Basic requirements for living, for example: piped water; gas and electricity

2

Asylum seeker

A migrant who fears for their life if they stay in their original country

3

Brain drain

The loss of a number or highly qualified workers due to emigration

4

Brownfield site

A site that has been built on before, but has fallen into dereliction

5

Central business district (CBD)

In the middle of a town or city, this is the main commercial and shopping area

6

Community

A group of people who interact with each other, living nearby

7

Commuters

People who live some distance from work and who travel daily to work

8

Congested

An area crowded with traffic or people meaning that movement is difficult

9

Conserve

To care an protect resources and the environment

10

Counter-urbanisation

The process by which people within a country live in the countryside as opposed to towns and cities. 'London To Hook Case Study'

11

Deprivation

A lack of basic human need

12

Disposable income

The amount of money a person or family has left when all the essential bills have been paid

13

Dormant village

A village where it's residents are not there during the daytime

14

Eco-towns

Environmentally friendly urban spaces which are sustainable

15

Economic migrant

Some one who moves due to a new job or financial reasons

16

Emigrant

A person who leaves a country

17

Food desert

When a person lives more than 500m from a shop selling fresh fruit and vegetables

18

Fuel poverties

When someone spends more than 10% of their income on energy bills

19

Gentrification

The modernisation of buildings, but not their removal/destruction

20

Greenfield site

A site that has never been built on before

21

Green belt land

Land that is found around the edge of a settlement, that is protected by law, to make sure that urban sprawl can not happen

22

High order goods

Goods that are brought occasionally or very rarely and are often expensive. For example a wedding dress or a grand piano

23

Honeypot sites

A place/area that attracts many tourists

24

Host region

The places that people go to when they migrate

25

Immigrant

A person who arrives into a country

26

Inequality

When a person has less than another, for example: money or food

27

Infrastructure

Systems put into place to make things work efficiently, for example: paved roads

28

Inner city

The zone surrounding the CBD in an MEDC city. Traditionally areas of low quality housing, they are now rapidly changing and developing

29

LEDC

Less economically developed country, for example: Somalia

30

Low order goods

Goods that are brought every day for little cost, for example: a pint of milk or a newspaper