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WJEC GCSE Geography B - Key Terms & Definitions > Theme 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Theme 3 Deck (19)
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1

Afforestation

The planting of trees/vegetation

2

Bilateral aid

Aid given by the government of one country to the government of another

3

Biomes

Large ecosystems at the global scale weather climate and vegetation is uniform

4

Biosphere

The regions of earth and atmosphere where plants and animals live

5

Climate change

The long-term changes in climate including temperature and precipitation

6

Colonialism

The historical practice where countries, like Britain went and took over other countries, such as Kenya, occupying it with settlers and exploiting its raw materials

7

Conserve

To prevent an environment being damaged by exploitation or to repair an environment that has already been damaged

8

Corruption

Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery

9

Debt

The money I would buy a country or individual

10

Decomposer

Animals/plants that break down dead plants and animals. They are very important for any ecosystem, as they provide essential nutrients

11

Deforestation

The cutting down of trees/vegetation

12

Desert

An area having annual precipitation of less than 250mm a year

13

Desertification

When the climate of a dry region becomes even dryer and vegetation is lost to soil erosion and the spread of the desert ecosystem

14

Development gap

The difference in wealth between rich and poor countries

15

Development

The use of resources and technology to increase wealth and improve standards of living

16

Direct jobs

Jobs that I created directly due to an industry, for example: in tourism, a hotel porter

17

Economic recession

A period of decline during which some industrial activity closes, people have become unemployed and the negative multiplier effect occurs

18

Ecosystem

A system of links between the plants and animals and their habitat is where they live, including the non-living environment

19

Adult literacy

The percentage of the adult population who can read and write