Theme 1: The Irish Question Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Theme 1: The Irish Question Deck (19):

When did the Act Of Union between Great Britain and Ireland begin?



Under the Act Of Union what were Great Britain and Ireland both put under the name of?

The United Kingdom


What was the Protestant Ascendancy?

The economic, political and social domination of life by a number of landowners and professionals, all of which were of Protestant faith under the established church or Ireland and England


How did the Act of Union reduce the Protestsnt Ascendancy?

The Act lead to the abolishment of the Irish Parliament, which meant an end to the political domination giving the ascendancy a reason to leave for the London Parliament. This meant those who were also landlords were never at their land plot which was a reason for the tenant problems.


What were the agreements of the 1801 Act of Union?

The 100 Irish Parliament MPs moved to House of Commmons
Churches of Ireland and England integrated
Irish trade was more controlled by the British


What was a drawback for the Irish Catholics regarding the Act of Union?

They failed to gain emancipation


Who was Daniel O'Connel and what did he want and also achieve?

The first Irish Catholic MP who was unable to take his seat due to the Penal Laws.


What did O'Connell campaign for?

Change or repeal of the Union:
Catholic emancipation
End of Protestant Ascendancy


What statistic shows how popular O'Connel was in Ireland?

Speeches attended by as much as 750,000


How did opposition to O'Connell/ Unionism develop?

The Protestants in Ireland felt that O'Connells call for repeal of the Union which was gaining popularity was threatening the Protestant ascendancy in Ireland and so encouraged to maintain the Union.


What organisation represented the Irish Protestant minority's voice?

Orange Order


Who was the leader of the Unionist cause?

Henry Cooke


What was Young Ireland?

A movement that had the same objectives as O'Connell however means of achieving it were more revolutionary in style


When was the Great Famine?



How many people died in the Great Famine?

1 Million


How many Irish emigrated from Ireland in response to the famine?

1.5 Million


Who gave generously and who gave little to the Irish in the famine?

Generous: Monarchy and Public
Little: Government


Why did the government give little in the famine?

They were caught up in the philosophy of political and economic situations


What did the Great Famine symbolise?

How both Land policy and political control were so interlinked with eachother of which the two issues were to be side by side for a long time