theories for speech Flashcards
What is Chomsky’s NATIVIST approach?
children are born with the capability to learn any language as they use specific linguistic structures. Every child has a Language Acquisition Device (LAD). Children can learn all/any language in 5-6 years despite intellectual capability
Give evidence for Chomsky’s nativist approach.
- Children make grammatical errors that aren’t from imitation.
- all children around the world pass through similar stages. language for people who are deaf is similar to the process of hearing
What is Jean Piaget’s COGNITIVE approach?
Language comes with the child’s understanding of the words
Give evidence for Piaget’s cognitive approach.
A child can use comparatives and superlative adjectives such as biggest or smallest once they have grasped the concept of size.
What is Skinner’s BEHAVIOURIST approach?
language is learnt through positive and negative reinforcement. A child’s ‘correctness’ is not the focus, but the truthfulness of what they are saying is.
Give an example of reinforcement for Skinner’s approach.
Recasting - parents subtly correct their child’s speech through repetition.
What is Bruner’s SOCIAL INTERACTIONIST approach?
Interactions between a child and carer are crucial to language development and helps them develop abilities such as turn taking. It focuses on the importance of conversation routings and child directed speech (CDS).
What is the critical theory hypothesis?
child language can ‘normally’ only take place in a fixed time period, this is before puberty
What did Vygotsky observe?
The link between children’s play and their cognitive / social development
What did Catherine Garvey study?
Her studies of children found that they adopt roles required for their role-play games
-Fulfills Halliday’s imaginative function
What is sociodramatic play?
Children playing because it is enjoyable but also because it is dramatic
- Linked to their cognitive understanding
- Real world imagination
What did Dr Giovanevi find about children and their routines?
Children use their context to construct and play out routines. These routines are key in their learning of conversational expectations and behaviours